Saint-Laurent Nuclear Power Plant
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|Saint-Laurent Nuclear Power Plant|
|Official name||Centrale Nucléaire de Saint-Laurent|
|Commission date||March 24, 1969 (Saint-Laurent A)|
1983 (Saint-Laurent B)
|Decommission date||1990 (Saint-Laurent A-1)|
1991 (Saint-Laurent A-2)
|Nuclear power station|
|Reactor type||GCR (retired)|
|Units operational||2 x 956 MW|
|Make and model||Alstom|
|Units decommissioned||1 x 390 MW|
1 x 450 MW
|Nameplate capacity||1,912 MW|
|Annual net output||12,918 GW·h|
|Commons||Related media on Commons|
The site includes two operating pressurized water reactors (each 900MWe), which began operation in 1983. They are cooled by the water of the Loire River.
The site employs approximately 670 regular workers.
On October 17, 1969 50 kg of uranium in one of the gas cooled reactors began to melt. This event was classified at 4 on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES), and is, as of December 2011, the most serious civil nuclear power accident in France.
On March 13, 1980 there was some annealing that occurred in the graphite of one of the reactors, causing a brief heat excursion. This was also classified as 4 on the INES and has been called the worst nuclear accident in France. Much later, the Institute of Marine Geochemistry at the École normale supérieure claimed that they found traces of plutonium in the river which they believed was released in the 1980 or 1969 accident. However, tests conducted in 1993 by the IPSN and in 2003 by the IRSN determined that the levels of plutonium measured upstream and downstream from the power plant were similar and of the same order of magnitude, concluding that the presence of the plutonium was due to the fallout of aerial nuclear tests and not due to either the 1980 or 1969 accidents.
On the morning of 12 January 1987 at 9 h 30, due to the exceptional frost of Loire, ice clogged the water intakes from the central A1 (GCR) and resulted in the loss of normal cooling. This caused the automatic shutdown of the gas-graphite reactor. The cooling system needed to remove the residual power failed as the diesel generators failed to start. It was necessary to feed it by the western power grid of France. The generators were eventually returned to service, just before the collapse of the power grid which took place around noon after a failure of the thermal power Cordemais. The army was then called in to use explosives and destroy the ice blocking the water intakes.
On 12 May 2004, radioactive sodium was released into the atmosphere during a leak test of new steam generators of one of the reactors at the B plant. The incident, which resulted in the automatic shutdown of the reactor, was of no consequence for the environment according to EDF. Sortir du nucléaire noted however that when the automatic shutdown of the reactor happened, the control rods remained blocked for unknown reasons.
On August 19, 2011, the reactor #1 stopped after a failure.
The initial report following the 1999 Blayais Nuclear Power Plant flood, identified the Saint-Laurent plant as being at risk of flooding, and called for its safety measures to be re-examined. Plans to build a flood wall around the site were made but abandoned, it is thought, due to the cost.
Sunflowers and the nuclear power station
- Elecnuc: Nuclear Power Plants in the World, CEA, 2006
- "INES - The International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale" (pdf). International Atomic Energy Agency. 2008-08-01. p. 2. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- Les Echos - 18/03/11 - A Saint-Laurent, EDF a renoncé à construire une digue contre les inondations Les Echos, published 2011-03-18, accessed 2011-03-30
- "Accidents survenus en 1969 et 1980 à la centrale nucléaire de Saint-Laurent-des-Eaux (Loir-et-Cher) : l'IRSN publie une note d'information". Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire (in French). May 18, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Contrôle 137, novembre 2000[permanent dead link] archive Les rejets des installations nucléaires (page 77, in French)
- Les jeux de l'atome et du hasard, Jean-Pierre Pharabod et Jean-Paul Schapira, Éditions Calmann-Lévy, 1988.
- Le canard enchainé, 23/03/2011 : Petits pépins deviendront grands
- radioactive Rejection at St-Laurent-des-Eaux, AFP of 13 May 2004
- unexpected shutdown of the reactor 1 of the St-Laurent-des-Eaux Trading on Sat August 19, 2011
- Rapport sur l'inondation du site du Blayais survenue le 27 décembre 1999 Institute for Nuclear Protection and Safety, published 2000-01-17, accessed 2011-03-21
- St Laurent des eaux (UNGG reactors), Nuclear Engineering International wall chart, August 1969