Saint-Leu-d'Esserent

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Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
The town hall and abbey in Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
The town hall and abbey in Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Coat of arms of Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is located in France
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is located in Hauts-de-France
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2181°N 2.4228°E / 49.2181; 2.4228Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2181°N 2.4228°E / 49.2181; 2.4228
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonMontataire
IntercommunalityPierre-Sud-Oise
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Alain Blanchard
Area
1
13.08 km2 (5.05 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
4,798
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
60584 /60340
Elevation25–137 m (82–449 ft)
(avg. 29 m or 95 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.

Saint Leu is notable for 3,000 square metres (32,000 sq ft) of mushroom caves under the Thiverny plateau.[2]

History[edit]

During World War II, the caves were one of three major underground V-1 flying bomb storage depots. In addition to the caves, the facility included blockhouses, bunkers, flak emplacements and railway links. Allied intelligence firmly identified late in June 1944 that Saint-Leu-d'Esserent and Nucourt were V-1 storage depots.[3] On 27 June 1944, Saint-Leu-d'Esserent was initially bombed by the US Army Air Force,[4][5] then on July 4/5 1944 by two RAF forces (the first unsuccessfully used Tallboy bombs in an attempt to collapse the limestone roof of the caves).[3][6] Finally on 7 July 1944, an evening RAF raid successfully blocked the tunnels.[7]

The storage dump at Thiverny[8] was bombed in 1944 on May 5,[9] July 11,[10] July 12,[11][12] and July 19.[13][14][15][16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Couderchon, Philippe. "The quarries of Saint Leu Esserent".
  3. ^ a b Collier, Basil (1976) [1964]. The Battle of the V-Weapons, 1944-1945. Yorkshire: The Emfield Press. pp. 68, 82, 84. ISBN 0-7057-0070-4.
  4. ^ "8th Air Force 1944 Chronicles". Retrieved 2007-05-25.
  5. ^ Taylor, Graham. "Leopold". Leopold. Retrieved 2007-05-16.
  6. ^ Irving, David (1964). The Mare's Nest. London: William Kimber and Co. pp. 168, 220, 245, 246.
  7. ^ Richards, Denis (1994) [1964]. The Hardest Victory - RAF Bomber Command in the Second World War. p. 241.
  8. ^ "tbd". tbd. Archived from the original on 2007-06-11.
  9. ^ "tbd". tbd.
  10. ^ "tbd". tbd.
  11. ^ "July 1944". Bomber Command 60th Anniversary. RAF. Archived from the original on 2007-06-11.
  12. ^ "tbd". tbd.
  13. ^ "tbd". tbd.
  14. ^ "tbd". tbd.
  15. ^ "tbd". tbd.
  16. ^ "tbd". tbd.