Saint-Malo declaration

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The Saint-Malo declaration was a document signed in December 1998 by British prime minister Tony Blair and French President Jacques Chirac, who met to advance the creation of a European security and defense policy, including a European military force capable of autonomous action.[1] The summit where the document was signed took place at the French coastal resort of Saint-Malo.[2]

The Saint-Malo declaration was a response to the armed conflict in Kosovo in the late 1990s, in which the international community, and especially the European Union and its member states, were perceived to have failed to intervene to stop the conflict.[3] A year later, as a direct consequence of the Saint-Malo summit, a "Headline Goal" was formulated in Helsinki, setting 2003 as a target date for the creation of a European force of up to 60,000 troops.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Franco–British St. Malo Declaration (4 December 1998)". Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  2. ^ "Anglo-French military pact". BBC. 1998-12-04. Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  3. ^ Adam. "The Saint-Malo Declaration and its impact on ESDP after 10 years - Defence Viewpoints from UK Defence Forum". Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  4. ^ "Presidency Conclusions. Helsinki European Council 10 and 11 December 1999". Retrieved 2015-08-18.