Saint-Martin-l'Ars

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Saint-Martin-l'Ars
The church of Saint-Martin
The church of Saint-Martin
Saint-Martin-l'Ars is located in France
Saint-Martin-l'Ars
Saint-Martin-l'Ars
Coordinates: 46°13′13″N 0°31′53″E / 46.2203°N 0.5314°E / 46.2203; 0.5314Coordinates: 46°13′13″N 0°31′53″E / 46.2203°N 0.5314°E / 46.2203; 0.5314
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Department Vienne
Arrondissement Montmorillon
Canton Availles-Limouzine
Intercommunality Montmorillonnais
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Xavier Diot
Area1 41.76 km2 (16.12 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 384
 • Density 9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 86234 / 86350
Elevation 132–169 m (433–554 ft)
(avg. 146 m or 479 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Martin-l'Ars is a commune in the Vienne department in the Poitou-Charentes region of western France.

Geography[edit]

The Clouère flows north-northwest through the middle of the commune. The Clain flows northwest through the south-western part of the commune and crosses the village.

Geology and Terrain[edit]

The commune is part of the region known as the Civraisien and has a beautiful landscape of hills.

Hydrography[edit]

202 ponds have been identified across the municipality (out of 30,000 recorded in the Poitou-Charentes region). They were created by humans, especially to meet the water needs of people (community ponds), livestock or after extraction (clay, marl, millstones). Rich in botanical life they play a major role for amphibians (newts, frogs), reptiles (snakes) and dragonflies. They are a symbolic element of the rural heritage and contribute greatly to the maintenance of biodiversity in both the plains and the woodlands.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate is oceanic with mild summers.

Toponymy[edit]

The village's name comes from Saint Martin of Vienne, bishop of Vienne in the 2nd century, the evangelist of Poitou. The suffix "ars" means "burnt".[2]

Population[edit]

Population of the Municipality

History[edit]

During World War II, the battle line crossed the commune, from 22 June 1940 to 1 March 1943, leaving the settlement in the free zone and a small part of the territory of the municipality in the occupied zone.[3] On 14 July 1941, the population showed their strength of will by celebrating the National Day, which was banned in 1940, around a bonfire and singing the Marseillaise.

In 1945, to celebrate the liberation and return of the Republic, a lime tree was planted as a "tree of liberty".[4]

Abbey of Notre-Dame de la Réau[edit]

Abbey of Notre-Dame de la Réau

The Abbey of Notre-Dame de la Réau, located on the left bank of the Clain in a secluded corner on the borders of Poitou and the Lower Marche, was founded in the 12th century by canons following the rule of St. Augustine.[5][6][7]

It was a very important house, the influence of which, as a result of its many subsidiaries, extended far beyond the region as far as Anjou and Brittany. It was dissolved during the French Revolution.[7]

Having reviewed the history and archaeological survey in 1937, François Eygun wrote in the Poitevin Press in 1970 that this was "one of the most prestigious monuments of the Haut-Poitou".[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mares répertoriées par maille, d’après cartes IGN, dans l’Inventaire des mares de Poitou-Charentes - Poitou-Charentes Nature 2003
  2. ^ Le Patrimoine des communes de la Vienne en 2 tomes – Edition FLOHIC – 2002 – ISBN 2-84234-128-7
  3. ^ Jean-Henri Calmon, Occupation, Résistance et Libération dans la Vienne en 30 questions, Geste éditions, coll. « 30 questions », Jean-Clément Martin (dir.), La Crèche, 2000, 63
  4. ^ Robert Petit, Les Arbres de la liberté à Poitiers et dans la Vienne, Poitiers, Éditions CLEF 89/Fédération des œuvres laïques, 1989, p. 225.
  5. ^ Jean-Henri Calmon, Occupation, Résistance ..., p 21
  6. ^ François Eygun, L'Abbaye Notre-Dame de la Réau, OSA: étude historique et archéologique; thèse secondaire de doctorat ès Lettres, coll. Mémoires de la Société des antiquaires de l'Ouest, 3e série, t. 15, 1938 (prix du président Henri de Montégut-Lamorélie de l'École des chartes), p. 544
  7. ^ a b François Eygun, L’Abbaye de la Réau, Poitiers, 1956, p. 24
  8. ^ Poitou gothique, Yves Blomme, éditions Picard, 1993,ISBN 978-2-7084-0439-7
  9. ^ v