Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet: Façade of the church
|Location||23, Rue des Bernardins, 75005 Paris, France|
|Province||Archdiocese of Paris, since 1977 used by traditionalist Society of St. Pius X|
|Leadership||[Patrick de La Rocque]] (since 2014)|
Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet is a Roman Catholic church in the centre of Paris, France, located in the 5th arrondissement. Since 1977, after expelling the parish priest and his assistants the church has been used by fundamentalist traditionalist Society of St. Pius X and remains in the Society's hands.
History until 1977
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The church was first built in the 13th century and was reconstructed between 1656 and 1763.
In 1612, Adrien Bourdoise founded a seminary at Saint-Nicolas.
In the 19th century the adjacent Mutualité site was occupied by a seminary. There, Ernest Renan studied under the direction of the Abbé Dupanloup, who attained celebrity in 1838 when he reconciled the notoriously amoral diplomat Talleyrand, who had received the minor orders at Saint-Nicholas, to the church on his death-bed. (Dupanloup subsequently became Bishop of Orléans and a member of the Académie française).
Since 1905, the city of Paris, following the law on the separation of Church and State, claims ownership of the church but grants the Roman Catholic Church a free usage right.
1977 occupation and consequences
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Shortly afterwards, the city of Paris gave an eviction order. In 1978, the Court of Cassation confirmed that the occupation was illegal but the order of eviction was never implemented. On 20 February 1987, the Conseil d'État ruled that the disturbance to public order resulting from an expulsion would be higher than that resulting from the illegal occupation.
On 22 June 2002, the municipal council of Paris passed a resolution that the Society of St Pius X should be expelled from the church, against the wishes of the socialist Mayor Bertrand Delanoë, who considered it an internal matter of the Catholic Church, remarking that the Archbishop of Paris had not requested that the Society be expelled.
It is now the Society's first church in the city of Paris itself, the second being Notre-Dame-de-Consolation Chapel (others exist in the Île de France) and although it is not their official French headquarters it is seen as their de facto national centre.
On Sundays, Mass is celebrated in the church at 08.00, 09.00, and 10.30, 12.15 and 18.30 .
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet.|
- Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet Church at Structurae
- "25 years of the SSPX: part 2". Society of Saint Pius X. Retrieved 2016-11-20.
- 2002 V. 83 - Vœu relatif à l'occupation de l'église Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine.
- 183 - Vœu présenté par M. Sylvain GAREL et les membres du groupe "Les Verts" sur l'occupation de l'église Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet[permanent dead link] (in French)
- Les Lebevristes se déchirent, La Croix, 9 September 2004. (Archived: 7 February 2012) (in French)
- Saint Nicolas du Chardonnet: Un procès à la hauteur de nos espérances, Les Verts. (Archived: 27 September 2011) (in French)
- Chapelle Notre-Dame de Consolation : horaires des offices pour l'année 2013-2014
- The SSPX list their French headquarters as Prieure Saint Pie X, 11, rue Cluseret, BP 125, from Headquarters of the SSPX Archived 2006-08-11 at the Wayback Machine., from their website in the USA
- Fraternité Sacerdotale Saint-Pie X, "La Porte Latine".