View of Saint-Savin
|• Land1||3.86 km2 (1.49 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||91/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||65396 / 65400|
|Elevation||433–1,320 m (1,421–4,331 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Saint-Savin is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department, and the Midi-Pyrénées region, in south-western France. The community was founded in the fourth century as a Benedictine abbey under the protection of St. Martin.
The inhabitants (gentilés) of Saint-Savin are called “Saint-Savinois”.
One of the best places to view Saint-Savin is from the sixteenth-century chapel, Notre Dame de Piétat.
One legend concerns the name Pyrenees. In the ancient past, Hercules visited the area, and fell in love with a beautiful girl named Pyrene, who happened to be a daughter of the King of Cerdagne. The king refused to allow Pyrene to marry Hercules, and so the desperate girl ran away. Hercules searched for her, but found her too late: she had been killed by wild cats. Hercules buried the body, and covered her grave with stones, which subsequently became the mountains.
Roland, a warrior who was part of the court of Charlemagne, also has an important legendary connection to the area. In exchange for room and board at the Saint-Savin convent, Roland is said to have fought and killed two giants, Passamont and Alabaster, who, much to the monks' dismay, were living close to their priory.
The Abbey of Saint-Savin
The known history of the Abbey of Saint-Savin-en-Lavedan dates back to 945. The counts and viscounts of Bigorre financed and helped arrange a major part of the construction and decoration of the monastery, and the abbey enjoyed prosperity for quite some time. In the thirteenth century, it controlled the territory of seven municipalities.
Then, after several religious wars, the abbey was virtually abandoned. Only three monks lived there in 1790. In 1854 a violent earthquake ruined the abbey even more, but also caused something of a new beginning.
Savin, the pious hermit monk
Savin was born in Spain into a wealthy family: his father was a count in Barcelona. At some point Savin moved to France, and became a monk. He was sent to Saint-Savin, but decided to live a simple and isolated life in the mountains above the village. During the 13 years he spent there he performed several miracles: he was able to find water where there was none, he created milk in order to feed a hungry child, and so on. When he died, his body was carried to Saint-Savin. Now his marble tomb serves as the altar in the Saint-Savin church.
As was the case in a few other villages and towns in Hautes-Pyrénées, the town of Saint-Savin included a small community of Cagots, a minority group that was despised for obscure reasons. They were treated as if they were lepers and dangerously infectious, though investigations even by 17th century doctors found no evidence of this.
There are quite a few examples of Romanesque art in the church, one of which is a granite carving of two Cagots. The church also contains an interesting example of a special separate Holy water font for them to dip their right hand into. Use of the normal font was forbidden to Cagots. Cagots were allowed to attend the Mass, but only through a low window at the bottom of the nave. People were afraid to get close to them, and so they were given communion using a long stick that is still to be seen in the church.
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- Dix, Edwin Asa (1890). "Midsummer Drive Through the Pyrenees". Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "Roman abbey of SAINT-SAVIN". argeles-pyrenees.com. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "Abbatiale de Saint Savin" (in French). .jedecouvrelafrance.com. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "Abbaye bénédictine de Saint-Savin" (in French). pyrenees-decouverte.com. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- The Catholic Encyclopedia VOLUME SEVEN (in French). THE ENCYCLOPEDIA PRESS, INC. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "cagots en Francia" (in French). infokrisis.blogia.com. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
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