Saint Boniface Cathedral
|Saint Boniface Cathedral|
Cathédrale Saint-Boniface (French)
Saint Boniface Cathedral
|Location||190 Cathédrale Avenue|
It is an important building in Winnipeg, and is the principal church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Boniface, serving the eastern part of Manitoba province as well as the local Franco-Manitoban community. The basilica sits in the centre of the city at 190 avenue de la Cathédrale, Saint Boniface.
The first church on the site was founded by Fr. Norbert Provencher, a priest and future bishop, who ordered its construction in 1818 in the form of a small log chapel. In 1832 Bishop Provencher built the first cathedral but on December 14, 1860, a fire destroyed the first building. In 1862, Bishop Alexandre Antonin Taché rebuilt the cathedral in stone.
By 1900, St. Boniface was the fifth-largest city in the West and needed a larger cathedral. Local contractors Senecal and Smith were engaged to build a new cathedral to plans by Montreal architect Jean-Omer Marchand. On August 15, 1906, Monsignor Louis-Philippe Adélard Langevin dedicated the cathedral, which became one of the most imposing churches in Western Canada.
On July 22, 1968, the 1906 cathedral was damaged in a fire, destroying many features including the rose window. Only the façade, sacristy, and the walls of the old church remained.
The Institute for stained glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at St Boniface Cathedral.
- Louis Riel (1844–1885)
- Louis Riel, Sr. (1817–1864)
- Ambroise-Dydime Lépine (1840–1923)
- Jean-Baptiste Lagimodière (1778–1855)
- Marie-Anne Gaboury (1780–1875)
- Norbert Provencher (1787–1853)
- Vital-Justin Grandin (1829–1902)
- Rosario Couture (1905–1986)
The Cathedral faces the Red River. Nearby is Esplanade Riel, Provencher Bridge, Provencher Park, Tache Promenade, Verendrye Park, the Université de Saint-Boniface and the Saint-Boniface Museum. In Verendrye Park is a statue of Pierre La Vérendrye by Joseph-Émile Brunet. Across the river is The Forks in Downtown Winnipeg.
- "Absolute horror': Witnesses cried as fire consumed St. Boniface Cathedral 50 years ago". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- "Canada's Historic Places (St. Boniface Cathedral)". Retrieved 2015-02-25.
- "Institute for stained glass in Canada". Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- Ambroise Didyme Lépine, Military leader at Find a Grave
- "Native chief's remains return to Sask. century after his death". CBC News. 24 August 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Boniface Cathedral.|
- St. Boniface Cathedral parish Much information about the old Cathedral, the replacement church, including a photo gallery.
- Manitoba Provincial Heritage
- Interior Photograph