Saint Candidus

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Saint Candidus
Ayne Bru - Saint Candidus - Google Art Project.jpg
Saint Candidus, by Ayne Bru, 16th century, preserved at Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, in Barcelona
BornEgypt
Died~287 AD
Saint Maurice-en-Valais
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church, Coptic Orthodox Church
Major shrineAbbaye de Saint-Maurice d'Agaune
FeastSeptember 22
AttributesMilitary attire

Saint Candidus (d. 287 AD) was a commander of the Theban Legion, which was composed of Christians from Upper Egypt. He is venerated as a Christian saint and martyr.

Legend[edit]

Candidus was first mentioned as a member of the Theban Legion by Saint Eucherius, Bishop of Lyons (434 AD). The 13th-century Golden Legend states: "And the noble man, Maurice, was duke of this holy legion; and they that governed under him, which bare the banners, were named Saint Candidus, Saint Innocent, Saint Exsuperius, Saint Victor, and Saint Constantine, all these were captains."[1]

Candidus is called Maurice's senator militum or staff officer.[2] He opposed Maximian, who had ordered them to harass the local Christians in his name, stating that "we are your soldiers, but we are also servants of the true God. We cannot renounce Him who is our Creator and Master, and also yours even though you reject Him."[3]

Candidus, along with St. Maurice, the other staff officers and 6,600 soldiers, is said to have been martyred at the Swiss town of Saint Maurice-en-Valais, then called Agaunum. His feast day is September 22.

Remains[edit]

Candidus' relics were stored in a 6th-century reliquary at the Abbaye de Saint-Maurice d'Agaune. His skull is kept in an embossed silver bust in the Abbey's Treasury.[4][5] Some of Candidus' relics are stored at Our Lady of Malibu Catholic Church, given by the Archdiocese of Los Angeles to the newly formed parish in 1960 under founding rector, the Reverend Joseph Burbage. The relics were rededicated by Archbishop Jose Gomez in November, 2014.

Other saints with this name[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Golden Legend: The Life of Saint Maurice Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. at Catholic-Forum.com
  2. ^ John Bury, "A Source for El Greco's 'St. Maurice'", Burlington Magazine, Vol. 126, No. 972 (Mar. 1984), pp. 144-148.
  3. ^ St Candidus at Saints Alive! website
  4. ^ St Maurice, Switzerland
  5. ^ La Legione Tebea
  6. ^ St. Candidus at Catholic.org
  7. ^ Candidus Archived 2007-10-18 at the Wayback Machine. at Catholic-Forum.com
  8. ^ Kroos, Renate (1985): Der Schrein des heiligen Servatius in Maastricht und die vier zugehörigen Reliquiare in Brüssel, pp, 26, 253-25. Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte, Munich. ISBN 3422007725.

External links[edit]