Saint Elijah Cathedral, Aleppo

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Saint Elijah Cathedral
St Elia Maronite church4.jpg
Saint Elijah Maronite Cathedral
Saint Elijah Cathedral, Aleppo is located in Aleppo
Saint Elijah Cathedral, Aleppo
Location in Aleppo
Basic information
Location Al-Jdayde quarter, Farhat Square,
Syria Aleppo, Syria
Geographic coordinates 36°12′26″N 37°09′21″E / 36.2071°N 37.1558°E / 36.2071; 37.1558Coordinates: 36°12′26″N 37°09′21″E / 36.2071°N 37.1558°E / 36.2071; 37.1558
Affiliation Maronite Church
Region Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Aleppo
Year consecrated 1873
Ecclesiastical or organizational status active
Architectural type Church

Saint Elijah Cathedral (Arabic: كاتدرائية القدّيِس الياس‎‎), is an Eastern Catholic (Maronite) church in Aleppo, Syria, located in the Christian quarter of al-Jdayde. It is named after the biblical prophet Elijah. The church was built in 1873, replacing an old Maronite church. It was renovated in 1914.

History[edit]

The statue of Saint Elias in the church yard

Prior to the current building of the cathedral, a small church from the 15th century has occupied the same area. The old church was mentioned by the Italian explorer Pietro Della Valle who visited Aleppo in 1625 and described it as one of the four churches that were built adjacent to each other in one yard with one gate, in the newly created Jdeydeh. Christian quarter. The other three churches are the Forty Martyrs Armenian Church, the Holy Mother of God Armenian Church (the current Zarehian Treasury) and the Greek Orthodox Church of the Dormition of Our Lady.[1]

The new building of the cathedral was completed in 1873. It has two magnificent belfries at its façade, while the marble entrance with yellow columns is situated under the high dome on the eastern side.

In 1914, during the period of Archbishop Michael Akhras, the dome was entirely renovated. For that purpose, concrete was used during the reconstruction process for the first time ever in the construction history of Aleppo, with the assistance of experts from Belgium.[2] During the same period, the chiming clock that plays Ave Maria every fifteen minutes, has been placed on the tower.

In front of the main gate, the statue of Archbishop and poet Germanos Farhat (1670–1732) was erected in 1932 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of his death, and for his efforts in founding the Maronite library of Aleppo, the home of old valuable manuscripts. Since then, the surrounding area of the cathedral is called Farhat square.

Syrian Civil War[edit]

The church at the Farhat Square wit the statue of Archbishop Germanos Farhat at the entrance

The Cathedral has been frequently targeted by the opposition rebels during the battle of Aleppo between 2012 and 2016.

After a 4-year abandonment between 2012 and 2016, the church was reopened in the final days of 2016, following the decisive victory of the Syrian Army over the opposition rebels at the end of the battle of Aleppo. On 25 December 2016, Christmas was celebrated for the first time in the church since 2011. In April 2017, the Easter Holy Mass was conducted in the church for the first time since April 2012.

References[edit]

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See also[edit]