Emeterius and Celedonius
- Another Saint Emeterius is associated with the legend of Saint Severus of Barcelona.
|Saints Emeterius and Celedonius|
Statue of Emeterius, Cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja.
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church, Orthodox Catholic Church|
|Attributes||depicted as two young soldiers|
Saints Emeterius (Hemeterius) and Celedonius (Spanish: San Emeterio y San Celedonio; Latin: Emeterius et Caeledonius; died c. 300 AD) are venerated as saints by the Catholic Church. Two Roman legionaries (and possibly also brothers), they were martyred for their faith around 300. They are patron saints of Calahorra (La Rioja), which is traditionally regarded as the place of their death.
They are said to have been serving in this city at the end of the third century or at the beginnings of the fourth. According to one legend, they were the sons of the martyr Marcellus the Centurion. It may have been during either the persecutions of Diocletian or of Valerian when they were imprisoned and forced to decide between renouncing the faith or leaving the army.
Their legend states that they were tortured and finally decapitated on the banks of the Cidacos River outside of Calahorra, which became the site of the actual cathedral of the city and explains its strange location beyond the city walls. The heads of these saints are said to have floated to Santander aboard a boat made of stone. A community of monks who lived in that city became custodians of these holy relics.
At Santander, Alfonso II of Aragon founded the abbey of Saints Hemeterius and Celedonius, or Santander Abbey, where the heads of those holy martyrs were kept. The toponym "Santander" actually takes its name not from Saint Andrew as some, misled by the sound of the name, believe, but from Saint Emeterius (Santemter, Santenter, Santander), one of the patrons of the city and ancient abbey, the other being Saint Celedonius. The former abbey church is now Santander Cathedral.
They are patron saints of Calahorra, Santander, and other towns of Cantabria. Their feast day is August 30.
Statue of Celedonius, Cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja.
Santander Cathedral, built between the 13th and 14th centuries over the ancient abbey of Saints Emeterius and Celedonius
Coat-of-arms of Calahorra, featuring the names of Saints Emeterius and Celedonius
Coat of arms of Cantabria, featuring the heads of Saints Emeterius and Celedonius
- Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada from the Catholic Encyclopedia
- Santander from the Catholic Encyclopedia
- (in Spanish) Cantabria: Santos Martires
- (in Spanish) Spanish Wikipedia article on Celedonius
- (in Spanish) Spanish Wikipedia article on Emeterius
- (in Spanish) San Emeterio