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Ancient sources such as and Sozomen's Church Hisotory (Historia Ecclesiastica) make reference to a hermit called Benus or Banus who can be identified as Saint Fana, and who lived in the area where the monastery of Saint Fana was later built.
- Otto F.A. Meinardus (1999). Two thousand years of Coptic Christianity. American University in Cairo Press. p. 215.
- Jill Kamil, Jill Kamil (2002). Christianity in the land of the pharaohs: the Coptic Orthodox Church. Google Books. pp. 265–266. Retrieved 26 August 2010., Sīrat al-Qidīs Abū Fānā al-Mutawahid (Biography of Saint Abū Fānā the Hermit), Bishopric of Mallawī, 1998, reprinted in 2008.
- Otto Friedrich August Meinardus (1999). Two thousand years of Coptic Christianity. American University in Cairo Press. p. 215. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- Roger S. Bagnall. Egypt in the Byzantine world, 300-700. p. 166. Retrieved 26 August 2010., Rene-Georges Coquin and Maurice Martin in the Coptic Encyclopedia, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1991, Vol. 3, p.698-700