Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral
|Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, Cork|
|Denomination||Church of Ireland|
|Dedication||Saint Fin Barre|
|Diocese||Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross|
|Province||Province of Dublin|
|Bishop(s)||Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross|
|Dean||Very Revd Nigel Dunne|
|Organist/Director of music||Malcolm Wisener|
Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, (Irish: Ardeaglais Naomh Fionnbarra) is a Church of Ireland cathedral located in Cork, Ireland. The site of the cathedral has been a place of worship since the 7th century. The three spires of the cathedral are one of Cork's main landmarks. It is the seat of the Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, currently Bishop Paul Colton. It is named after Cork's patron saint.
A Medieval Cathedral was situated on the site prior to the 18th century building, but few traces of it are visible. The cathedral was damaged during the Siege of Cork in 1689/90, when it came under fire from the nearby Elizabeth Fort. When the steeple was demolished in 1865, a 24-pound cannonball from the siege was discovered, which is now on display in the cathedral.
18th century cathedral
A small Neo-Classical building was constructed on the site in 1735 by Bishop Peter Browne. It was demolished in 1865 to make way for the present cathedral. The 1735 entrance gate survived the re-building and is still in use.
Architect William Burges began work on the present Gothic Revival cathedral in 1862. Construction started on the cathedral in 1865 and in 1870 the unfinished building was consecrated. The towers and spires were finally completed in 1879.
Burges gave a Resurrection Angel, made of copper and gold leaf, which is located on the pinnacle of the sanctuary roof. There is a local superstition which states that if ever the angel falls, it would signify the end of the world.
List of Deans of Cork
- William Magee 1813 - 1819
- James Thomas O'Brien 1842
- William Connor Magee 1864 - 1868 (then Bishop of Peterborough)
- Achilles Daunt 1875 - 1878
- George Otto Simms 1952
- Dr Michael Geoffrey St Aubyn Jackson 1997 - 2002
- Michael Burrows 2002 - 2006
The Organ was built in 1870 by William Hill of London, with 3 manuals and 40 stops. The action on the Great was some form of pneumatic action (possibly Barker lever) on the Great, and tracker for the other two manuals.
The instrument was then overhauled in 1889 by the Cork Organ-building firm, T.W. Megahy, who added three new stops, though it is not entirely clear which these were. It was at this time that the Organ was moved from the West Gallery down to a Pit in the North Transept, where it still sits today.
The next major overhaul of the instrument was in 1906 by Hele & Co. of Plymouth, who added a fourth Manual (the Solo). By this stage, the action of the organ was entirely pneumatic.
The last time major work was done to the organ was in 1965-66, when J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd of London rebuilt the instrument. They overhauled the soundboards, installed a new console with electropneumatic action, and lowered the pitch to 'standard' C = 523./3. The organ now has 4 manuals, 56 stops, and 3012 pipes.
- William Love 1677 - 1698
- Thomas Hollister 1698? - 1703?
- William Toole 1703 - 1711
- Edward Broadway 1712 - 1720
- William Smyth 1720 - 1721
- Henry De La Maine 1782 - 1796
- James Roche 1797 - 1811
- James Brealsford Stephens 1811 - 1860
- John Christopher Marks 1860 - 1903
- William George Everleigh 1903 - 1922
- Jonathan Thomas Horne 1922 - 1977
- Andrew Paul Padmore 1977 - 1984 (afterwards organist of St Anne’s Cathedral, Belfast)
- Colin Gerald Nicholls 1984 - 2007
- Malcolm Wisener 2007 - current (previously organist at St Bartholomew's Church, Dublin)
- Ian Sexton 1997 - 2005 (now organist of the Collegiate Church of St Mary Youghal)
- James Taylor 2005 - current
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St Finbarre's Cathedral.|
- Dictionary of organs and organists. First Edition. 1912. p.272
- David Lawrence and Ann Wilson, The Cathedral of Saint Fin Barre at Cork: William Burges in Ireland 2006, Four Courts Press