Saint George (icon, 1130)

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Saint George
Novgorod George.jpg
ArtistUnknown
Yearcirca 1130
MediumTempera
Dimensions230 cm × 142 cm (91 in × 56 in)
LocationTretyakov Gallery, Moscow

Saint George (Russian: Святой Георгий) is a Russian Saint George icon created in Veliky Novgorod before the Mongol invasion of Rus' in the 12th century. The main icon of the Yuriev Monastery for a long time, it is kept at the Tretyakov Gallery at the moment.[1]

The date of its creation is unknown, but 1130 was agreed upon as this date is on the back of the icon. However, the back itself was only made in the 19th century. Art critics also state either 1030, which is the foundation year of the Yuriev Monastery, or 1130-1140s to the Yuriev Monastery's consecration ceremony. This theory is supported by art historians Viktor Lazarev, Engelina Smirnova and Natalya Salko.[2][3][4] Viktor Lazarev states that its size is suitable for that purpose.[2]

The iconography corresponds to the common since 10th-century Byzantium depiction of Saint George not as a warrior, but as a young martyr.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "George" (in Russian). Christianity in Art. Retrieved 4 September 2014. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c Lazarev, Viktor (2000). Русская иконопись от истоков до начала XVI века (in Russian). Moscow: Iskusstvo. pp. 163–164.
  3. ^ Smirnova, Engelina (1976). Живопись Великого Новгорода. Середина XIII — начало XV века (in Russian). Moscow: Nauka. pp. 175–178.
  4. ^ Salko, Natalya (1982). Живопись Древней Руси XI — начала XIII века: Мозаики. Иконы. Фрески (in Russian). Leningrad: Художник РСФСР. pp. 227, 234.