Saint George S.C.
|Full name||Saint George Sports Club|
The Horsemen (ፈረሰኞቹ)
|Ground||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
|Chairman||Ato Abinet Gebremeskel|
|Manager||Carlos Manuel Vaz Pinto|
|League||Ethiopian Premier League|
Saint George Sports Club (Amharic: ቅዱስ ጊዮርጊስ ስፖርት ክለብ, Kidus Giorgis Sport Club) is an Ethiopian football club based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. They are members of the Ethiopian Football Federation and play in the top division of Ethiopian football, the Ethiopian Premier League. Founded in 1935, the club was a symbol of Ethiopian nationalism and resistance during the time of occupation of the country by fascist Italy.
The club was founded in 1935 at Doro Manekia in George Dukas's family house by Ethiopian Ayele Atnash and Greek George Ducas. Established in the Arada neighborhood of Addis Ababa during Fascist Italy's invasion of Ethiopia, the club quickly became the symbol of Ethiopian nationalism in the midst of Italian occupation. The patriotic struggle of the 1930s left an indelible mark on the club and the Arada neighborhood, defining both for centuries to come. The history of the club is often thought to be heavily influenced by this neighborhood. St George was said to have started with only 2 Tegera Birr, 1 ball, goal posts and a stamp.
Often finding it hard to play football on local pitches due to restrictions placed on them by the Arada police, the club had to constantly move from place to place. In one instance the club members tried carrying goal posts to 'Filwehameda' ( presently located next to Custom Authorities Head Office), but were ultimately chased away by authorities. Attempts to play at 'Aroge Kera' on the 'Etege Menen' field were also unsuccessful as unhappy local villagers chased them away. Then they went to 'Belay Zeleke' 'Zebegna Sefer' village, but Arada police came and chased them away once again.
Matches were organized against other local teams or groups in the area such as those of the Armenian community of Addis Ababa. However because the club was short handed in the number of players they had they ended up recruiting others to play. This is how Yidnekachew Tessema came to be a part of the team, he was found on the streets of Addis and was asked to join them for the match. It was said that he was spotted while crossing Berad Mekonnen bridge and since he went to Teferi Mekonnen School where all club members went to school, they were familiar with him. After agreeing to join them, St. George was able to beat the Armenian team 2-0 thanks to two goals by Yidnekachew himself.
The club's first jerseys were brown and white, affordable cloth for the cash strapped club at the time.One of the founders, George Ducas, used scrap together money from his parents to support the club. Others in the club would go around knocking at doors singing traditional songs like "Hoya Hoye" in order to earn money for the club. The customary reward for their singing efforts was bread, not money, but they were able collect this bread in a sacks to sell it in laborers' villages to earn the money. Once the club was able to find some funds they were able to get a new jersey that implies their unity with the Ethiopian flag colors. They gave the first jersey to the second team and started wearing the new ones until pressure from the occupying police force made them have to hide this new jersey underneath their clothing.
After buying jersey with the money, the club bought food for the players with the rest of the money. The members and players of the club would to eat bread and tea after matches and training sessions.
Connection to the Ethiopian Struggle
When Italian efforts to directly destroy St. George didn't work, they forced the club to change its name and play matches against a club the Italians had created called '6 kilo'. This club was purposely created by Italians to weaken and demoralize St. George. Sponsored by the nearby factory 'Cugnac Alovo', 6 Kilo (also called 'Cenco Maje' to mean July 5) , had more money and supplies than St. George. They beat St. George on multiple occasions and St. George also did the same however those matches nearly always ended with beatings by the Arada (Italian) police.
The ongoing Guerrilla warfare during this time was of the utmost importance to the club and its members. Knowing this the Italians trying using the club as a propaganda tool for their own administration in order to confuse and entrap the guerilla fighters. The Italians sent a messages to resistance leaders like Ras. Abebe Aregay to "come and see the people is in peace" inviting him to watch a football match at JanMeda, a popular field in Addis Ababa.
Hearing this the guerilla fighters took an Italian General as leverage not trusting the Italians and Ras. Abebe Aregay sent Demissie W/Michael to investigate the situation. Having been warned before hand to peacefully play the match, St. George was picked to play against "6 Kilo". The game quickly turned into a physical fight after kickoff with spectators often cheering and whistling to encourage the fight rather than the game. Then the game was interrupted and the Italians' plan foiled.
In 1941 when Ethiopia was liberated from fascist Italian control and Haile Selassie I had returned, it was us the club supporters along with fellow Addis Ababians that sang the national anthem "Ethiopia hoy des Yebelesh"(to mean, Rejoice Ethiopia) to welcome him back. An anthem that was written by a huge St. George supporters Yoftahe Nigussie and produced by Captain Nalbadin.
Ethiopian League Football
The first officially recognized version of an Ethiopian football league was established in 1944. Originally five teams representing the various communities of Addis Ababa including St. George (Ethiopian), Fortitudo (Italian), Ararat (Armenian), Olympiakos (Greek) and the British Military Mission in Ethiopia (BMME) contested for the title which was won by the BMME. In 1947, the country's formal national league kicked off with three teams; St. George, Mechale and Ke'ay Bahir. The club remained within the league for twenty-five years before the Derg reorganized the football leagues, and forced all existing clubs to shut down. In this process the club had its name changed to Addis Ababa Brewery in 1972 only to change it back four years later. The club switched its name back an forth for 19 years until the fall of the Derg in 1991 when the club officially changed its name back to St. George.
St. George enjoyed some dominance in the late 60's after which the league went through a period of relative parity in the 70's and 80's. However, during the premier league era no club has been more dominant than St.George S.C., amassing an impressive 14 titles since the start of the era in the 1997-98 season. As of 2017, the club has a combined 29 top division titles which is by far the most in Ethiopian football.
The club is owned by the St. George Football Association. It is also financially supported by prominent Saudi Businessman Mohammed Hussein Al Amoudi and Ethiopian businessman Abenet Gebremeskel, who is also chairman of the club.
In June of 2018 it was announced that the club would sell most of its shares to fans.
Saint George have one of the largest fan bases in all of Ethiopian football and are known for their fervent displays during home matches. Often singing the club's anthem and waving yellow and orange checkered flags, the supporters of Saint George provide some of the most festive atmospheres in Ethiopian football.
The ultras of the club are known to be involved in hooliganism, a is very prevalent phenomenon in the Ethiopian football. Clashes with rival support groups are common, especially during derby matches such as in the "Sheger Derby".
In the early days chants supporters of the club used to repeat went as follows:
In reference to their early rivals "6 kilo":
«ይጫወቱ ነበር በቴስታ በጋንባ፣ መገን 6 ኪሎ ተሸንፎ ገባ።» meaning "6 kilo, although playing with their legs and kicking players with headers, they always lose"
In reference to founder Ayele Atnash.
«ግጥም አይነቃነቅም የብረት ዲጂኖ፣ እንዴት ነህ አየለ የአራዳ ተርሲኖ?» meaning "firm as a metal steal, how are you Ayele Atnash, Arada's Tersino?"
In reference to outstanding players Elias (who later became a pilot) and Yidnekachew.
«በሰማይ ኤልያስ በምድር ይድነቃቸው፣
ለመታሰቢያነት እግዜር ፈጠራቸው።»meaning "Elias on the sky, Yidnekackew on land, God created them in tribute."
|Full name||Yidnekachew Tessema Stadium|
|Former names||Haile Selassie Stadium|
|Location||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
Ethiopia national football team|
Saint George FC
Ethiopian Coffee FC
In 2017, Saint George finished construction on Yidnekahew Tessema Sport Academy, the club's first youth academy, in the city of Bishoftu (Debre Zeyit). The academy is named after Yidnekahew Tessema, a former Saint George and Ethiopian national team player who rose to prominence in African football as CAF president (1972 -1987). The academy, built at a cost of over 60 million ETB, lies on 24,000 hectares of land and is expected to accommodate over 100 youth players at one time. The facilities at the academy include: two football pitches, a cafeteria, a conference center, a game room, dressing rooms,a modern medical center, a gym, and dormitories.
Saint George plays its home matches at Addis Ababa Stadium, also known as Yidnekachew Tessema Stadium. Due to it being the largest international standard stadium in the area, the ground is shared with many other Addis Ababa-based clubs including Ethiopian Coffee, Defense, Addis Ababa City, EEPCO, and formerly CBE SA.
Since 1999, fee-paying supporters have owned St. George. In November 2007, the club had finished raising funds and would begin construction of a new stadium. Budgeted at 312 million Birr, 80% of the cost would be covered by Sheik Mohammed Al Amoudi with the balance to be contributed by the club’s supporters.
- 1950, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1971, 1975, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
- Ethiopian Cup: 12
- 1952, 1953, 1957, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1993, 1999, 2009, 2011, 2016
- 1985, 1986, 1987,1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2017
- 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2017
Performance in CAF competitions
- CAF Champions League: 9 appearances
- African Cup of Champions Clubs: 10 appearances
- CAF Confederation Cup: 1 appearance
- 2012 – First Round
- CAF Cup: 1 appearance
- 2002 – Second Round
- CAF Cup Winners' Cup: 3 appearances
- 1975 – First Round
- 1978 – Preliminary Round
- 1994 – Second Round
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Coaching and Medical Staff
- Aynshet, Solomon (March 11, 2017). "St. George's Sport Academy to be inaugurated". waltainfo.
- "Ethiopia 1944". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
- History of Ethiopian Football (Soccer) Archived 2009-05-22 at the Wayback Machine. (accessed 21 May 2009)
- Aglionby, John (June 20, 2018). "Ethiopia's most successful football club to sell itself to fans". Financial Times.
- Muluken Yewondwossen, "80 mln Birr stadium for St. George’s", Addis Ababa Capital (accessed 21 May 2009)