Saint Inan

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Coordinates: 55°36′58″N 4°39′54″W / 55.616°N 4.665°W / 55.616; -4.665Saint Inan is Finnian. He is the same person as the one mentioned in Kilwinning. Cill Fhinnian which in Gaelic is cell of Finnian South Annan was listed as Suy inan in old maps. Suidhe Fhinnian In Gaelic is seat of Finnian. Ayrshire was Gaelic speaking at the time of Finnian. In the genitive case the f is aspirated that is an h is put after it and it changes the sound to either no sound or a w sound. Inchinnan is Innis Fhinnian. Saint Finnian was active throughout North Ayrshire and Renfrewshire.

In Arran Gaelic KIilwinning was called Cill d'Fhinnian or Cill do Fhinnian that is cell of thy Finnian indicating that he was not from Arran. It was common to put personal pronouns before saints' names see for example Kilmacolm which in Gaelic is Cill mo Colm that is cell of my Colm. In Gaelic mo is my and do is thy.

Saint Inan's Chair on Cauldhame Hill, Beith

Saint Inan (Evan) was the patron saint of Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland, where he is said to have resided during the 9th century AD. He is reputed to have come from Iona,[1] and to have died in Irvine, where his tomb was reputed to have been the site of miracles. Uinniau is a name now associated with Ninian, a developing consensus being that they are one and the same person.[2]

History[edit]

Beith Kirk in 1876, built on the site of Saint Inan's chapel.
The Rocking Stone at Cuff Hill.

Although he is said to have been a hermit,[3] according to tradition St. Inan is said to have often visited the town of Beith, frequenting Cuff Hill with its Rocking stone and various other prehistoric monuments. A cleft in the west-front of Lochlands Hill is still known as 'St. Inan's Chair' and said to have been used by the saint as a pulpit.[4] and a crystal-clear holy well existed nearby,[5] now sadly covered over (2006). An unsuccessful search for the saint's writings which were said to be preserved in the library of Bonci, Archbishop of Pisa was made by Colonel Mure of Caldwell in the 19th century.[6]

Saint Inan is said to have preached to the assembled people from the chair on the hill and stayed on the site of Cauldhame Cottage. There was not a great population in the area at that time and the people were located not in Beith, but up on the top of the Bigholm near to what were the Beith water dams. The first settlements were in the heavily wooded areas around the dams where people were safe from attack and could get food from the land, and fish in the lochs. The Saints of old went where the people were, and they also tended to go where there had been worship of heathen Gods. It has been suggested that High Bogside Farm, which used to be called Bellsgrove, was really 'Baalsgrove', which would fit in with the story of Saint Inan going to where the pagan gods were.[7]

The Holy well and chapel[edit]

Irvine circa 1870. The Old parish kirk, manse and site of the Chapel well (where the two figures are standing on the right bank below the kirk).[8]

The well is usually known as St Mary's or the Chapel Well.[9][10] It is situated at Grid reference NS 3226 3851. It lies close to what was probably a chapel dedicated to St Mary. Above the opening is a small stone plaque stating 'St Inan's Well AD 839'.

Saint Inan's Well near the Old Parish kirk. Dated 839 AD.

Saint Inan's chapel stood on the site of the old church in Beith (NS 349 538), the dedication later being changed to St. Mary the Virgin.[11]

After journeying to Rome and Jerusalem, he is said to have settled at Irvine, where he died, and where his tomb was much frequented on account of the reputed miracles wrought at it.[12]

A Saint Inan's well once supposedly existed in Fullarton, south of the present harbour.[13] Dundonald Castle once had a chapel dedicated to Saint Inan.[14] Inchinnan (Renfrewshire) is said to signify “Inans’ Isle".[15]

Variations in the name[edit]

His name has several recorded spellings, such as Evan, Innan, Inin, Innen, Enen, Ennen and latterly Annan, Anan, Tinnan or even Tennant.[5] He is remembered in local names such as Southannan, near Fairlie, where there was another church or chapel bearing his name; a charter of James IV in 1509, confirms the donation of John, Lord Sempill, of a perpetual Mass therein.[16] Saint Ninian and Saint Inan may in fact be one and the same person.

Tennant's day[edit]

Beith's annual fair, called Tennant's or Saint Tinnan's Day, was previously on the saint's day, 18 August.[17] It is now held in June. In ancient times the fair is said to have been held on Cuff Hill. It was famous for its show, Cadgers races and sale of horses.[5]

See also[edit]

Dedications to St. Ninian (England, Scotland, Isle of Man

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beith parish Archived 2007-09-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Strachan, Mark (2009). Saints, Monks and Knights. North Ayrshire Council. ISBN 978-0-9561388-1-1. p. 2
  3. ^ Scottish Saints
  4. ^ Smith, John (1895). Prehistoric Man in Ayrshire. Pub. Elliot Stock. P. 83.
  5. ^ a b c Dobie, James (1876) Cunninghame topographised by Timothy Pont Pub. John Tweed, Glasgow. P. 324.
  6. ^ Dobie, James (1876) Cunninghame topographised by Timothy Pont Pub. John Tweed, Glasgow. P. 41.
  7. ^ Jenny Kerr's recollections Archived 2012-02-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Wilson, Professor.(1870) The Works of Robert Burns, Pub. Blackie & son. London.
  9. ^ "The RCAHMS's Canmore Website". Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  10. ^ Love, Dane (2009). Legendary Ayrshire. Custom : Folklore : Tradition. Auchinleck : Carn Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9518128-6-0; p. 58
  11. ^ Paterson, James (1866) History of the Counties of Ayr and Wigton. Vol III.-Cuninghame. Pub. James Stillie, Edinbirgh. P. 65.
  12. ^ MacKinaly, James Murray (1914) 'Ancient Church Dedications in Scotland: Non-Scriptural', Edinburgh. Pages 191-192
  13. ^ Strawhorn, John (1985). The History of Irvine. Pub. John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-140-1. P. 4.
  14. ^ McJannet, Arnold F. (1938), The Royal Burgh of Irvine. Glasgow : Civil Press. p. 14.
  15. ^ Lockhart, Laurence (1836). The new statistical account of Scotland, Vol VII, Renfrew-Argyle. Edinburgh: W. Blackwood and sons. pp. 113–134. 
  16. ^ Barrett, OSB, Michael. “Saint Inan, Confessor”. The Calendar of Scottish Saints, 1919. CatholicSaints.Info. 9 June 2014. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  17. ^ Smith, John (1895). p. 40.

External links[edit]