Saint James, Trinidad and Tobago

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Saint James, Trinidad and Tobago
The District of St.James
St. James, Port of Spain, Trinidad, in 1998.
St. James, Port of Spain, Trinidad, in 1998.
Coordinates: 10°40′N 61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517Coordinates: 10°40′N 61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517
Country Trinidad and Tobago
County Saint George County
City Port of Spain
Government
 • Mayor Louis Lee Sing (Mayor of Port of Spain City)
 • Governing body Port of Spain City Corporation
Time zone AST (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) DST (UTC-4)

St. James is a district of Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. The main road is the Western Main Road. It runs from Woodbrook to Cocorite. St. James is also known for its diverse mixture of cultural activities.[citation needed]

History[edit]

St. James became part of the city of Port-of-Spain in 1938.[1] Until 1992, the Civil Aviation Training Centre (CATC), now a unit of the Trinidad and Tobago Civil Aviation Authority, was located along Long Circular Road in St. James.[2]

Streets in St. James[edit]

Many of the streets of St. James were named after the "older names" of Indian cities such as "Agra, Baroda, Benares, Bengal, Bombay (Mumbai), Calcutta (Kolkata), Cawnpore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Madras, Nepaul, Nizam and Patna.

There are also streets that are named after either English persons or places, such as Clarence Street, where an Anglican church and school are located.[3]

Other persons and characters are represented in the naming of streets of St. James, such as Salazzar which is located close to the Police Station, Church St., Kathleen St., Romeo St., Coronation St., Avenue First, Mucurapo Road and Ethel Street.

Military Cemetery, Crematorium, and other cemeteries[edit]

Within the boundaries of St. James are a military cemetery, two other cemeteries and a crematorium.

According to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission,[4] which shows on its website: photos of the military cemetery in St James and a list of the deceased persons from World Wars I and II, there are 40 casualties from World War I and II (whose names are listed at Memorial Park, off Queen's Park Savannah).[5]

In recent times, the Military cemetery has been used to bury persons who have died in the service of Trinidad and Tobago who were members of the Defense Force, or the Army or the Coast Guard, to name a few of the services which protect and serve the country.

According to "BURIAL GROUNDS, CEMETERIES & CREMATION SITES (TRINIDAD) Arranged by Ward/District",[6] the names of the two other cemeteries which are located in St. James are as follows:

Western Cemetery, George Cabral Circular, Terre Brulee, St. James (This cemetery can be accessed from George Cabral Street, off WMR), and Mucurapo Cemetery, Panka Street, St. James.

According to the records which are available to the public, there is one famous person who has been buried at Western Cemetery, former president of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (from 1987 to 1997) Noor Hassanali.[7]

Woodbrook Cemetery, Mucurapo Road, St. James.[6] (This cemetery can be accessed off Panka Street, St James).

There are public records on some "eighty seven (87) persons who were buried at Mucurapo Cemetery over the years, some as early as 1936 - Ms Leonora Prince."[8] Perhaps one of the largest number of deaths in a single year are the "Whitlocks, where the parents and 3 children who were missionaries returning to Africa died in the same year, according to the tombstone".[9]

Then there are the tombstones where the information is recorded in another language, perhaps that of the Jews - "Ernst Otto Fischer who was born in 1881 and who died in 1944"[10]

According to the cemetery records some of which are available online, there is at least one famous person who has been buried at this cemetery, "Beebe, Dr. Charles William b. July 29, 1877 d. June 4, 1962".[11]

The Crematorium is located in close proximity to the Military Cemetery, Flagstaff Villas and Long Circular Mall on Long Circular Road. It was established in the 1980's or thereabouts and was once of the first formal sites for the cremation of persons in the country as at that time, most persons were familiar with the practice of burning of bodies of the deceased by the Hindu Community at Caroni and later at Waterloo.

Culture[edit]

Fast food - restaurants and other options[edit]

The largest Pizza Hut in the world is located in Saint James on Tragarete Road.[12]

As of 2015–16, there are international fast-food restaurants which operate as franchises in St. James including KFC, Subway, Burger King and Papa John's[13] and local franchises such as Royal Castle, Rituals and Japs.

Also, there are cooked items which are available either on the road side or in dining establishments.

Within the last ten years or more to 2015/2016, Indian foods have been made available during the weeknights such as (dhal puri or dhosti) roti with a choice of curried meats and sea food with vegetables and or bean. [14]

Since the 1970s ice creams have been available for sale either from carts which are located on the pavements and in indoor locations.

Groceries, meat shops, greengrocers and markets[edit]

Over the years, there have been several groceries which have either closed after a number of years, changed owners and, or have been rebranded, and, or remained open. As of 2000, several of the groceries are located either on the Western Main Road of St. James or on one of the side streets. Some of the older establishments are Woo Lings (1970s)[15] and The St. James Meat Cottage, which has changed location and the size of its floor space over the years.

Given the cultural mix of persons who reside in and visit St. James, meat shops have been popular as a source of economical suppliers of this staple over the years, with some of them offering meats which are halal for the Muslim and other sectors of the population.

Green grocers have set up shop either off of pick ups or at the front and sides of person's homes over the years.

The St. James market which is located near to Vidale Street was rebuilt during the last twenty years.

Businesses, places to visit and other tourism activities[edit]

Malls[edit]

St. James spans a wide geographical area stretching from the St. James Crematorium via Long Circular Road to Fatima College on Mucurapo Road in one direction and from close to the overpass by Peakes to the Police Barracks along the Western Main Road in another direction. In this area, there is at least one large mall, Long Circular Mall[16] and several mini malls or plazas scattered throughout the district. A mini mall is classified as being either a one or a two storey building with several small stores, each of which sells a different range of items.

The Long Circular Mall has been in existence since the late 1970s with services such as shoe repair, suitcases, shoes, flowers and books.

Attached to the Mall is a branch of the supermarket chain Tru Valu. Currently, there is a vendor instore offering snacks prior to shopping. There is also an instore bakery which provides pre-packaged items along with freshly baked goods.

Banking[edit]

The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) opened a branch in the late-1950s at the corner of Mooneram Street. This branch of CIBC was closed several years after the merger of CIBC (Trinidad) and Republic Bank Limited. A food establishment is now located on this spot.

The CIBC branch was later followed by branches of the Royal Bank of Canada, at Bournes Road and The Bank of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank), the latter occupying the spot where JP's (John Pereira) supermarket opened in the 1960s.[17]

Manufacturer and pharmacies[edit]

St. James is the headquarters of the Trinidadian-based soft-drink company Solo.[18] During the 1970s, this company was located at the corner of Western Main Road and Long Circular Road. The operations of this company were moved close to Aranguez, where the soft drinks are currently manufactured. From the Highway, the factory is visible if one is heading towards the Piarco airport.

There are at least four pharmacies in St. James along the Western Main Road. Many of these also sell stationery and food items.

Naipaul House[edit]

St. James was home to Nobel Prize-winner V. S. Naipaul, who lived on one of the streets prior to migrating to the United Kingdom. His home has been preserved as a historical landmark.

NALIS - St. James Public Library[edit]

The St. James Public Library is operated under the National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS) and is one of twenty five (25) public libraries which offers services to the public free of charge from Monday to Saturday every week.[19] The St. James Public Library is located on 31 Church Street, St. James. Church Street runs parallel to the Western Main Road, starts on George Cabral Street and ends on Bombay Street.[20] The St. James Public Library was located at the corner of Bournes Road and Western Main Road for many years and within the last five years moved to its new location on Church Street.

Art Gallery[edit]

Since the 1990s, St James has been home to Horizon's Art Gallery which is located on Mucurapo Road.[21] This gallery offers for sale paintings from local artists such as Louison Dermot, Boscoe Holder, Leroy Clarke, Glen Roopchand, Neil Massy. There are at least six open nights per year where new works from artists are exhibited and the public is invited to view the paintings or artwork, mingle and meet the artist.

The St. James Amphitheatre[edit]

The St. James Amphitheatre is located along the WMR and offers its services to the residents, groups and those wishing to host activities in St. James.

In June each year, WEBEAT is hosted by the St. James Community Improvement Centre. "A new feature has been added to the 2015 edition of WeBeat St James Live, to be held from June 5–13. Staged by the St James Community Improvement Committee, the new event—Rum Street—will be held in collaboration with Angostura."[22]

In the 2015 WEBEAT, regular attractions included "We Film Night (June 6), in collaboration with the T&T Film Festival, WeTreat (June 7), Health Day (June 8), in conjunction with the PoS North Lions and the North West Regional Health Authority; and, WeTalk Historian Talk Show with emphasis on Youth (June 8). These events were free to the public."[22]

For several years in August, the RC. Archdiocese of POS - St Mary's parish hosted their fundraising event "Toute Bagai" which was one of their main fundraising events towards the restoration of the church building at 3 George Cabral Street, St. James.

During the year, at the Amphitheatre there are several performances by various Evangelical groups which last for a week and are open to the public. Otherwise, the area is open to the public to walk in, sit on the benches or gather informally. Due to the availability of ice cream vendors, and other food sellers which operate in close proximity to the Amphitheatre, many persons use the area as a place to congregate to enjoy ice cream cones or the food which was purchased.

Green Spaces[edit]

Within St. James, there are at least two areas which may be considered 'green Spaces", they are the Ellie Mannette Park, the St. James Playground, the Grounds of the Police Barracks on the corner of Long Circular Road and Western Main Road and the grounds immediately preceding the Barracks.

The Ellie Mannette Park is located on Alfred Richards Street, just off George Cabral Street and every year is the location for at least one concert which is held shortly after Carnival which features drumming. In recent years, persons have started to offer for sale items of food and drink to persons attending the concert.[23]

Over the last five (5) years or thereabouts, a number of the parks in the St. James area has benefitted from the donation of exercise equipment, most of which were funded by the Digicel Foundation.

Public transportation[edit]

St. James can be accessed via route taxis or maxi taxis or via the Public Transportation Service Corporation (PTSC) buses.

The Petit Valley bus starts at the Port of Spain Bus Terminal, proceeds along Independence Square, exiting through one of the side streets to Tragarete Road, through the Western Main Road, St. James, via the overpass through the Main Road in Cocorite, then to Petit Valley.

The PTSC bus which operates from Port of Spain to and from Carenage or the bus which operates from Port of Spain to and from Diego Martin passes along Mucurapo Road, St. James. These buses would have started at the Port of Spain Bus Terminal, proceeded along Wrightson Road, with a turn off which takes them to Ariapita Ave and then to Mucurapo Road, then to the Foreshore [24] to West Mall where their routes separate. The Carenage bus continues along the Main Road to Carenage, while the Diego Martin Bus proceeds to Diego Martin.

Tourism activity[edit]

Within the last ten years or so[when?], at least two casinos or member's clubs have opened in St. James. These have attempted to replace the recreation clubs of the 1970s that operated in bars, some of which still exist in St. James.

Bars located on the Western Main Road (WMR) have been a source of revenue and activity for many years. Two of the bars operate opposite to each other on the WMR. Over the years, these two bars were joined by Smokey & Bunty, an establishment that catered for the younger crowd who patronised the establishment after work on many evenings, especially on a Friday evening. Between 2014 and 2015, a fire destroyed most of the historic building which housed Smokey & Bunty and the food outlet.

During the life time of Smokey and Bunty, additional entertainment was offered on the pavements and on the road space of the three bars, with Parang being offered close to Christmas and the Carib girls liming on the Carib Truck in late July into early August when the "Great Race" was held.

On one of the weekends leading up to the morning of the "Great Race", a parade of some of the boats which would have entered the Great Race would pass through St. James as part of the build up to the day. The "Great Race" was a boat race which for many years was sponsored by Carib Brewery, a subsidiary of the ANSA McAL group. The race was open to several types and sizes of boats, which allowed for the creation of "classes". The race started in the waters of Trinidad, in the Gulf of Paria, went through the "Bocas", down the islands and ended in Store Bay in Tobago.

Notable people[edit]

A tadjah at Hosay in St. James. 1950s

"Where Belmont's settlement was African in origin, in St. James, the city's most westerly suburb, the influence was decidedly East Indian. St. James too was a sugarcane estate, and the workers there were largely East Indians who arrived in Trinidad as indentured laborers The streets of St. James bear witness to its earliest inhabitants with names such as Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Benares, Ganges, and so on.

St. James is mecca for the annual Hosay Festival, when it is possible to hear classical tassa drumming, as small effigies of mosques parade through the streets. ... Each year Hosay is celebrated in a different calendar month as the remembrance is based on a date in a lunar month which has less days than the calendar month.[25]

There is a Muslim mosque located on the Western Main Road in St. James, near to Subway restaurant at 2016. There is also one located on Mucurapo Road, opposite to the Mucurapo Cemetery and in close proximity to the Mucurapo East and West schools.

A Hindu temple is located on Ethel Street,[26] which is located in close proximity to Panka Street."[27]

As Vicar for Evangelisation one of the areas of focus of that ministry has been "Catholic Church goes after sex workers (By Cecily Asson Monday, February 23, 2015) "Also weighing in on the interview was Vicar of Evangelisation Fr Robert Christo who told the Catholic News that the aim of the outreach ministry to sex workers was to provide an “alternative path of reintegration of their sexuality in a holistic way.”[30]

Fr. Hall was "ordained a diocesan priest on Sat Dec 18, (2010) at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Port of Spain. Archbishop Edward Gilbert was the main celebrant and preached the homily."[31]

Fr. Ronald Mendes C.S.Sp was the last priest to serve as principal of St. Mary's College. "Layman to lead St Mary’s College After 150 years of priests as principals..."[32]

Other influences[edit]

Most of the character of St. James came about through the Anglican and Catholic influence on primary and secondary schools. For many years, for the catholics Mucurapo Girls' School and Mucurapo Boy's School were the only option with respect to educating their children and grandchildren, just as St. Agnes was the school for the Anglican boys and girls who resided between Maraval and St. James. In the 1970's and before, many of the entrants for the convent schools and colleges which were located outside of St. James (Fatima College) and in between the Queen's Park Savannah (QRC, Holy Name Convent), Belmont (Providence, St Francois Girls'), and Port of Spain (St. Joseph's Convent, Bishops' Anstey, and St Mary's College) came from these three primary schools. Thus church and attendance at either the Catholic or Anglcian churches was the main activity for many families. Support of the parish via youth activity, fundraisers and other events shaped the character of many young persons well into adulthood, as they were exposed to the Works of Mercy, such as feeding those in need, visiting the sick and the elderly and developing a sense of care for those other than themselves and their families.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bestoftrinidad.com/communities/stjames.html.
  2. ^ "CIVIL AVIATION TRAINING CENTRE (CATC), TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO." Trinidad and Tobago Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  3. ^ "Home". 
  4. ^ Port of Spain Memorial, Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
  5. ^ Find War Dead, Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
  6. ^ a b "Burial Grounds, Cemeteries & Cremation Sites (Trinidad) Page 5". 
  7. ^ "Find A Grave - Western Cemetery". 
  8. ^ Prince at Find A Grave.
  9. ^ "Robert Allan Whitlock (1939 - 1945) - Find A Grave Memorial". 
  10. ^ Fischer at Find A Grave.
  11. ^ Beebe at Find A Grave.
  12. ^ Cameron, Sarah (1 January 2003). "Caribbean Islands". Footprint – via Google Books. 
  13. ^ "KFC T&T :: Locations". 
  14. ^ "Curry Lambie (Conch)". tntisland.com. 
  15. ^ "Woo Ling's Supermarket". 
  16. ^ WOWCITY.com. "Long Circular Mall in Port of Spain, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago - Port of Spain Local Shopping Guide". 
  17. ^ "St. James". 
  18. ^ "Solo Beverages: www.solobev.com". 
  19. ^ NALIS - Find a Library.
  20. ^ "Google Maps". 
  21. ^ "Welcome to Horizons Art Gallery". 
  22. ^ a b "Rum Street added to WeBeat St James Live". 
  23. ^ http://www.bestoftrinidad.com/steelband/mannette.html
  24. ^ "Great Race start goes back to Foreshore". 
  25. ^ Dates of Hosay between 2000 and 2030, Best of Trinidad Culture.
  26. ^ "Religous(sic) Sites in Trinidad, churches, mandirs, mosques, temples and places of worship". 
  27. ^ Trinidad & Tobago. Insight Guides. APA Productions, Singapore, 1987, pp. 142-143.
  28. ^ Telesford, Nigel (1 Nov 2010). "Minaj magic". Trinidad Express. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  29. ^ "Character Study: Just How Real Is Nicki Minaj?". Vibe. Vibe Media. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  30. ^ "Crime & Court", Newsday.
  31. ^ You Tube Ordination of Fr. Alan Hall https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4VLHYGpd9Is
  32. ^ "Layman to Lead St. Mary's", Trinidad Express.