Saint James the Apostle Parish Church (Paete)

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Paete Church
Saint James the Apostle Parish Church
Facade of Paete Church, Laguna.jpg
Facade of Paete Church
Paete Church is located in Philippines
Paete Church
Paete Church
Location in the Philippines
14°21′52″N 121°28′54″E / 14.364557°N 121.481638°E / 14.364557; 121.481638Coordinates: 14°21′52″N 121°28′54″E / 14.364557°N 121.481638°E / 14.364557; 121.481638
LocationPaete, Laguna
CountryPhilippines
DenominationRoman Catholic
WebsiteDiocese of San Pablo
History
Former name(s)Pueblo de San Lorenzo Diacono
StatusParish Church
Founded1580
Founder(s)Fr. Juan de Plasencia and Fr. Diego de Oropesa
DedicationSaint James the Greater
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationNational Historical Landmark
Architectural typeChurch building
StyleBaroque Mission
Groundbreaking1864
Specifications
Length42 m (138 ft)
Width7 m (23 ft)
Height14 m (46 ft)
MaterialsAdobe, egg white and other native material
Administration
ArchdioceseManila
DioceseSan Pablo
Clergy
ArchbishopLuis Antonio Tagle
Bishop(s)Buenaventura M. Famadico
Priest(s)Noel B. Conopio

The Saint James the Apostle Parish Church also known as Santiago Apostol Parish Church, Saint James the Great Parish Church or commonly known as Paete Church is the only Roman Catholic church in Paete, Laguna, Philippines. Its patron saint is Saint James the Apostle and his feast is celebrated every 25 July. The church is known for its huge and exqusite collection of images depicting the Passion of Christ, its century-old paintings and wooden images of saints (or poon). The current parish priest is Reverend Father Noel B. Conopio.[1]

History[edit]

Paete was established as town in 1580 by Franciscan priest, Fray Juan Plasencia under the patronage of Saint Lawrence.[2][3] Due to the scarcity of religious men, it was annexed to the visita of Lumban until October 20, 1600 and to Pangil until 1602.[2] The first parish priest of Paete, Fray Pedro de Buenaventura was appointed in 1602.[2] The first stone church and convent were built by Paete natives under the supervision of Fray Andres de Puertellanoin 1646 but it was later destroyed by an earthquake in 1717.[3] A new stone church was started the same year under Fray Francisco de la Fuente.[3][4] It was completed in 1840 under the term of Fray Luis de Nambroca.[4] The church and convent was again destroyed by the 1880 Luzon earthquake.[3][5] Father Gregorio Martin built a temporary small church of 33 m (108 ft) by 13.2 m (43 ft) by 8.6 m (28 ft).[6] In 1884, the church was rebuilt under Father Pedro Galiano, now facing the Laguna lake but this was again destroyed by another earthquake in August 20, 1937.[3] The church served as a dungeon and torture house to the people of Paete during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in World War II.

Affiliation with Santiago de Compostela in Spain[edit]

The Roman Catholic parish church in the town of Paete officially became linked with the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Spain last February 28, 2016. The Declaration of Spiritual Bond of Affinity between the two churches was signed and promulgated during the Solemn Mass presided by Laguna Bishop Buenaventura M. Famadico, D.D.

Msgr. Elisardo Temperan Villaverde, on behalf of their Cathedral, gifted Paete Church with a stone relic from the tomb of St. James the Great and a silver medallion that reverently touched the remains of the apostle.[7][8][9]

Features[edit]

The church is 42 m (138 ft) long by 7 m (23 ft) thick by 42 m (138 ft) wide.[10] The church underwent a lot of renovation due to natural calamities. With a long history of losing the church building to earthquakes, the current baroque mission church has large buttresses on each side to improve its earthquake resistance.[11] It was made of adobe bricks, a mixture of egg white and other native materials. The church has an elaborate baroque style with a fusion of oriental artistry. The intricate retablo pieces were made by Paetenian natives, among them were Bartolome Palatino and Francisco Macahumpan.[12]

Façade[edit]

The church's facade is divided by a frieze that continues around the adjoining belltower. It has bas reliefs of leaves and flowers and a sculpted image of St. James depicted as a Santiago Matamoros (Saint James the Moor-slayer) in a central niche of the upper story. The relief of Saint James is no longer the original image. The present relief which replaced the original one was installed in 1804.[10] The triangular stepped pediment has a circular aperture directly above the image of St. James. Several arched windows decorate the belltower.

Luciano Dans Murals[edit]

The large wall paintings on wood panels inside the church were executed by another notable son of Paete, Luciano Dans. These depict Langit, Lupa, Impiyerno - Heaven, Earth, Hell - and large murals of Saint Christopher. Dans used natural color pigments mixed with volcanic ash and brushes made from cats' hair to create the murals.[13] The large painting of San Cristobal on wood was purchased during the time of Father Francisco de Santa Gonzaleza for 22 on October 1852.[6] Unfortunately, the two St. Christopher paintings currently need immediate conservation.: a lot of wood panels inside the church, including the painted wood panels, are infested by termites.[14][15]

Another mural created by another unknown artist and the oldest among all murals inside the church is the Last Judgment or Juicio Final painted around 1720. It is located near the church altar.[16]

Church Traditions[edit]

Lenten and Holy Week Traditions[edit]

At the start of the Lenten season, owners of privately owned religious images that were handed down from generations put up an exhibit of their religious icons on the church's hall. The collection of images is one of the largest collection of images depicting the passion of Christ.[11] The exhibit usually ran from Ash Wednesday up to Holy Monday. On Holy Tuesday, a procession of miniature poon carried by children along the church patio. From Holy Wednesday up to Good Friday, locals processed their religious images around the town.

The most famous poon during the holy week celebration is Mariano Cagahastian Madriñan's replica of his own work of Mater Dolorosa. Madriñan, Paete's hero received a diploma of award and the King Alfonso XII of Spain Medal of Honor for his Mater Dolorosa work in 1882 which was exhibited at the International Exposition held in Amsterdam.[11] The image of the Mother of Sorrows was known for its movable parts with excellent articulation. During procession, the image could be made to embrace the statue of Christ carrying His cross, look up to gaze at St. Veronica's veil and bless her with the sign of the cross.[11] The image of St. Veronica could also move its hand to show the veil imprinted with Christ's face.

Salibanda[edit]

The celebration of Salibanda is celebrated every third week of January. It marks the end of the Christmas season in Paete and the feast of the Infant Jesus (or Santo Niño).[11] It starts with a fluvial parade along with an image of Santo Niño and followed by a dance procession to the church.

Feast of San Antonio Abad[edit]

The feast of San Antonio Abad, Paete's secondary patron is celebrated every January 17. A small stone chapel or ermita dedicated to the Saint Anthony is located near the main church.[4][11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "General Reshuffle: Diocese of San Pablo". The Roman Catholic Diocese of San Pablo. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Huerta 1865, p. 138
  3. ^ a b c d e National Historical Institute 1993, p. 85
  4. ^ a b c Huerta 1865, p. 139
  5. ^ "American Journal of Science - Art.V. The earthquake of the Philippine Islands, July 1880", pp.52–57.
  6. ^ a b Jose 1987, p. 102
  7. ^ "Paete Church becomes linked to renowned Spanish church". The Roman Catholic Diocese of San Pablo. Diocesan Commission on Social Communications. February 28, 2016. Archived from the original on September 8, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  8. ^ "Affinity bond declared between Laguna Church and Santiago de Compostela". CBCP News. Media Office of Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines. March 6, 2016. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
  9. ^ "Paete Church launches jubilee year marking its 300th anniversary". Veritas 846. Veritas Public Relations Department. July 27, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  10. ^ a b Jose 1987, p. 94
  11. ^ a b c d e f Castillo-Pruden, Marie Cagahastian (December 21, 2000). "About Paete - More than a couple of streets". Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  12. ^ "SAGIP SAN CRISTOBAL: HELP SAVE PAETE CATHOLIC CHURCH 19tH CENTURY MURALS". Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  13. ^ Giron, Tita (March 20, 2005). "A scenic way to do the traditional 'Via Crucis'". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  14. ^ Dalisay, Butch (April 19, 2010). "Save the Paete murals". Philippine Star. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  15. ^ "KSP: Makasaysayang simbahan sa Paete, Laguna, napapabayaan na". ABS-CBN News. April 21, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  16. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth (March 5, 2014). "Treasure in Paete". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 11, 2014.

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