St. John's University, Shanghai
Motto in English
|Light and Truth|
|President||Francis Lister Hawks Pott|
|St. John's University, Shanghai|
St. John's University (SJU) was an Anglican university in Shanghai. Founded in 1879 by American missionaries, it was one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China, often regarded as the Harvard of China.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Communist government closed the university in 1952, most of its faculty members, students and library collections were transferred to the East China Normal University. Its Board of Governors moved the university to Hong Kong, founding Chung Chi College, a part of Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Foundation as St. John's College
The university was founded in 1879 as "St. John's College" by William Jones Boone and Joseph Schereschewsky, Bishop of Shanghai, by combining two pre-existing Anglican colleges in Shanghai. The architect for the college's original quadrangle of buildings was Newark, New Jersey architect William Halsey Wood.
St. John's began with 39 students and taught mainly in Chinese. In 1891, it changed to teaching with English as the main language. The courses began to focus on science and natural philosophy.
St. John's University
In 1905, St. John's College became St. John's University and became registered in Washington D.C. in the United States. It thus had the status of a domestic university and American graduates of St. John's could proceed directly to graduate schools in the United States. As a result, the university attracted some of the brightest and wealthiest students in Shanghai at the time. It was the first institution to grant bachelor's degrees in China, starting in 1907.
The university was located at 188 Jessfield Road (now Wanhangdu Lu), on a bend of the Suzhou Creek in Shanghai and was designed to incorporate Chinese and Western architectural elements.
In 1925, some academics and students fled from the St. John's University, later forming the Kwang Hua University. In 1951, Kwang Hua University was incorporated into East China Normal University.
Chinese Civil War and disestablishment
The university survived World War II and the Chinese Civil War. However, in 1952 the Communist government adopted a policy of creating specialist universities in the Soviet style of the time. Under this policy, St John's was broken up. Most of its faculties were incorporated into the East China Normal University. The medical school was incorporated into Shanghai Second Medical College, which became the School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2005. The campus became the site of the East China University of Politics and Law.
- Raymond Chow, filmmaker.
- Thomas Dao (1921–2009), physician who developed breast cancer treatment alternatives.
- Chung Sze Yuen, senior Hong Kong politician.
- Francis Hsu, former Catholic bishop of Hong Kong.
- Wellington Koo, diplomat, former president of the Republic of China, foreign minister, former judge and vice-president of the International Court of Justice.
- Jiang Shaoji, a famous internist and gastroenterologist in China.
- Jing Shuping, (graduated 1939) businessman, founder of Minsheng Bank, China's first privately owned bank. Jing also founded China's first law firm, consulting firm and accounting firm since the 1949 Chinese Revolution.
- Lin Yutang, writer.
- Liu Yichang, writer.
- Lu Ping, Chinese politician in charge of the handover of Hong Kong and Macau.
- I.M. Pei, architect (attended the University high school).
- Meng Xiancheng, educator, the first president of East China Normal University.
- Qian Liren, Chinese politician and diplomat
- Shi Jiuyong, jurist, former President of the International Court of Justice.
- T.V. Soong, politician, brother to the Soong sisters, Premier of the Republic of China.
- K. H. Ting, Anglican bishop and former national leader of Protestants in the People's Republic of China.
- Gung Hsing Wang, Chinese Consul General 1938 to America, author 'Chinese Mind, Chinese Representative General Assembly United Nations 1948, 1950s Executive Director Chinese American Civic Council Chicago, 1970s- 1980s revitalized Chicago Chinatown by building low cost non-profit housing and the first elderly apartment building 125 units for low income Chinese, donated and built park in Chinatown naming it Sun Yat Sen, 1985 honorary doctorate law degree Loyola University, 1987 street named after him in Chicago Chinatown.
- Vivian Shun-wen Wu, businesswoman
- Yen Chia-kan, politician, former Vice President and President of the Republic of China.
- Rong Yiren, "Red Capitalist", the founder of CITIC Group, and Vice President of the People's Republic of China.
- Zhang Boling founder of Nankai University and the Nankai system of schools.
- Zhou Youguang, linguist.
- Zhu Qizhen, former Vice Foreign Minister, Chinese Ambassador to the USA and Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Peoples Congress of China
- Cheng Youshu, diplomat and poet
- Wang Chui Reng (diplomat), military diplomat of China, ambassador of China to North Korea, China to Russia, China to Germany, the life friend of Lu Ping, his father was the 3rd richest in China
- Dr. Robert Hsun-Piao Yuan, Boston-based neurosurgeon, president of his college, medical school class, and alumni association, nephew of William Z. L. Sung
- Chen Chi-lu, Minister of Council of Cultural Affairs of the Republic of China (1981-1988)
- Liu Hongsheng, prominent industrialist, known as the "King of Matches"
- Francis Lister Hawks Pott, President of St. John's College 1888 to 1896, President of St. John's University from 1896 to 1941
- William Z.L. (SiLiang) Sung was the Vice President of St. John's University under Francis Lister Hawks Pott and later the first Chinese born Acting president during WWII. He was accused of collaboration with the Japanese after the war, imprisoned, and later acquitted. He was helped lead the first two delegations from China to the 1932 and 1936 Olympics. He emigrated to the USA and became a priest in the Episcopal church working as a Chaplin with the Diocese of California.
- William Payne Roberts, instructor and acting president in the absence of Pott (needs verification)
- David Z.T. Yin, Rector of the University, was a distinguished Chinese scholar who had represented the YMCA in Shanghai at the turn of the century.
Other colleges established by alumini for commemoriating SJU
- In Taiwan, St. John's University was established in 1967,
- In Vancouver, St. John's College at the University of British Columbia was established in 1997,
- In Shanghai, St. John's College at the East China Normal University will open its door in 2016.
- Yang Wu. "Founding of SJC". University of British Columbia. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- Hevesi, Dennis. "Dr. Thomas Dao, Expert on Treatment of Breast Cancer, Dies at 88", The New York Times, July 25, 2009. Accessed July 26, 2009.
- "Founder of China's private Minsheng Bank dies". Reuters. 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
- Newsletter, SJUAA
- Seeds From The West : St John's Medical School, Shanghai, 1880-1952. Chen, Kaiyi; Imprint Publications, Chicago, 2001. ISBN 1879176386