Holy Virgin Cathedral
|Holy Virgin Cathedral|
|Country||United States of America|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Cathedral|
|Architect(s)||Oleg N. Ivanitsky|
|Founder||John of Shanghai and San Francisco|
|Direction of façade||South|
The Holy Virgin Cathedral, also known as Joy of All Who Sorrow, is a Russian Orthodox cathedral in the Richmond District of San Francisco. It is the largest of the six cathedrals of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. which has over 400 parishes worldwide.
Russian settlement in California began at Fort Ross in 1812. The original San Francisco parish of the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia was founded on June 2, 1927. An earlier Holy Virgin Cathedral was located at 858-64 Fulton Street between Fillmore and Webster Streets. That building is still extant and was designated a San Francisco Landmark on May 3, 1970.
The current cathedral at 6219 Geary Boulevard in the Richmond District was founded by St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco, born Mikhail Maximovitch. The neighborhood is known for its Russian restaurants and shops, and the "most visible Russian presence is the magnificent Holy Virgin Cathedral".
Groundbreaking took place on June 25, 1961, construction was completed in 1965, and the cathedral was consecrated on January 31, 1977. St. John, who died in 1966, is buried within the cathedral.
The cathedral was designed by Oleg N. Ivanitsky, and features five onion domes covered in 24 carat gold leaf. The "incredible beauty" of the interior, which is "lined by icons, religious paintings, and mosaics, and lit by a voluminous chandelier" can be seen only by those who attend religious services.
Clergy and programs
The Rector of the cathedral is Kyrill (Dmitrieff), Archbishop of San Francisco and Western America. The archbishop is a San Francisco native and a graduate of the University of San Francisco. The Cathedral operates a K–12 school, The Saint John of San Francisco Orthodox Academy, as well as a bookstore and housing for senior citizens.
- Steeves, Paul D. (1988). The Modern Encyclopedia of Religions in Russia and the Soviet Union. Volume 5. Academic International Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-87569-106-0.
- "History" Holy Virgin Cathedral website
- Zaverukha, Lydia B; Bogdan, Nina & Ershova, Ludmila (2009). Russian San Francisco. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-7167-6.
- "San Francisco Preservation Bulletin No. 9: San Francisco Landmarks"
- Nolte, Carl (June 20, 2010). "Russian emigres find history, community in S.F.". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Craig, Christopher & Penn, Elan (2006). San Francisco: A Pictorial Celebration. Sterling Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-4027-2388-9.
- Sinclair, Mick (2004). San Francisco: A Cultural and Literary History. Interlink Books. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-56656-489-2.