Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport
|Diocese of Davenport
|Territory||22 Counties in the Southeast quadrant of Iowa|
|Metropolitan||Michael Owen Jackels|
|Area||11,438 sq mi (29,620 km2)|
|(as of 2013)
|Established||May 8, 1881 (136 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Sacred Heart Cathedral|
|Emeritus Bishops||Martin John Amos
William Edwin Franklin
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport (Latin: Dioecesis Davenportensis) is a diocese of the Catholic Church for the southeastern quarter of the U.S. state of Iowa. There are 11,438 square miles (29,620 km2) within the diocese. The diocese's eastern border is at the Mississippi River; the northern border comprises the counties of Jasper, Poweshiek, Iowa, Johnson, Cedar, and Clinton; the western border is made up of the counties of Jasper, Marion, Monroe, and Appanoose; and the southern border is the Iowa-Missouri border.
Before 1881, the Diocese of Dubuque's territory comprised the entire state of Iowa. Previous divisions had taken territory outside the state of Iowa from the Diocese to give to other newly created Dioceses. Eventually, Bishop John Hennessy became convinced that the Dubuque Diocese should be further divided, with the Dubuque Diocese covering the northern half of the state, and the southern half covered by a new diocese. Hennessy felt that the See of this new Diocese should have been located at Des Moines, Iowa. However the Holy See chose Davenport as the See city of this Diocese.
On June 14, 1881 the southern territory of the Dubuque Diocese was taken to form the Diocese of Davenport. Fr. John McMullen, a priest in the Archdiocese of Chicago was chosen to be the first Bishop. Bishop McMullen was consecrated by Archbishop Patrick Feehan of Chicago, Bishop John Hennessy of Dubuque, and Bishop John Lancaster Spalding of Peoria.
The Diocese of Davenport was split in two on August 12, 1911, which reduced it to its current size. The Diocese of Des Moines became the See city of this new diocese, which covered the southwestern quarter of the state of Iowa.
From its very beginning the diocese has a history of supporting higher education. At one time there were four Catholic colleges within the boundaries of the Diocese of Davenport. Today there is only one, Saint Ambrose University.
St. Ambrose began as a seminary and school of commerce for young men in September 1882. It was founded by the diocese’s first bishop, Rt. Rev. John McMullen, in the school building of St. Margaret’s Cathedral. The school moved to its current location in 1885. Its name was changed to St. Ambrose College in 1908 to better reflect its identity. The school grew steadily over the years and in 1987 it became St. Ambrose University.
The Congregation of the Humility of Mary founded two schools in the diocese. The first school was established at their motherhouse when it was in Ottumwa. Founded as Visitation Academy in 1864, it had several name changes until 1930 when it was named Ottumwa Heights College. Ottumwa Heights merged with Indian Hills Community College, a part of the state of Iowa’s community college system, in 1979 and has been officially inactive since 1980. The community’s former motherhouse and college property has been IHCC’s main campus since 1981.
The Sisters of Humility also founded Marycrest College in Davenport as the woman’s division of St. Ambrose in 1939. By the 1950s it had become a separate institution, and it started admitting men in 1969. The school, however, started to decline in enrollment as well as financially. In 1990, Marycrest became affiliated with the Teikyo Yamanashi Education and Welfare Foundation of Japan and was renamed Teikyo Marycrest University. In 1996, the institution's name was changed to Marycrest International University in an attempt to reflect its global mission. However, enrollment continued to decline and financial difficulties persisted and the school closed in 2002. The campus continues intact and in 2006 it became Marycrest Senior Campus, a residential facility for senior citizens. It has no affiliation with the diocese.
The Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi established Mt. St. Claire College for women in 1918 in Clinton. The college began offering graduate courses over the internet in 2002 and changed its name to The Franciscan University. In 2004, the school modified its name to The Franciscan University of the Prairies, so as to avoid confusion with similarly named institutions. In 2005, the school was purchased by Bridgepoint Education, Inc. and the sisters ended their sponsorship. The school became known as Ashford University and closed in 2016.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms for the Diocese of Davenport was designed after the arms used by members of the Davenport family in England. The family's arms are described as, "Argent (white or silver), a chevron sable (black) between three cross crosslets fitchée of the second." The diocesan shield maintains the use of the silver color and the black cross crosslets fitchée. The black chevron is replaced with a black crenellated tower.
|Ordinaries of the Diocese of Davenport|
|1881||1883||John McMullen †||Appointed bishop June 14, 1881; consecrated July 25, 1881; installed July 30, 1881; died in office July 4, 1883|
|1884||1906||Henry Cosgrove †||Appointed bishop July 11, 1884; consecrated and installed September 14, 1884; died in office December 22, 1906|
|1906||1926||James J. Davis †||Appointed Titular Bishop of Milopotamus and Coadjutor bishop October 7, 1904; consecrated November 30, 1904; succeeded December 22, 1906; died in office December 2, 1926|
|1927||1944||Henry Rohlman †||Appointed bishop May 20, 1927; consecrated July 25, 1927; installed July 26, 1927; appointed Titular Archbishop of Macra and Coadjutor Archbishop of Dubuque September 8, 1944|
|1944||1966||Ralph Leo Hayes †||Previously Bishop of Helena and rector of the Pontifical North American College; appointed Bishop of Davenport November 16, 1944; installed January 11, 1945; appointed Titular bishop of Naraggara and Bishop Emeritus October 20, 1966; died July 5, 1970|
|1966||1993||Gerald Francis O'Keefe †||Previously Auxiliary Bishop of St. Paul; Appointed Bishop of Davenport October 20, 1966; installed January 4, 1967; appointed Bishop Emeritus November 12, 1993; died April 12, 2000|
|1993||2006||William Edwin Franklin||Previously Auxiliary Bishop of Dubuque; appointed Bishop of Davenport November 12, 1993; installed January 20, 1994; appointed Bishop Emeritus October 12, 2006|
|2006||2017||Martin John Amos||Previously Auxiliary Bishop of Cleveland; appointed Bishop of Davenport October 12, 2006; installed November 20, 2006; appointed Bishop Emeritus April 19, 2017|
|Auxiliary Bishops of Davenport|
|1923||1926||Edward D. Howard †||Appointed Titular Bishop of Isaura December 23, 1923; Consecrated April 8, 1924; Appointed Archbishop of Oregon City April 30, 1926|
|Other Priests of the Diocese of Davenport Who Became Bishops|
|1881||1884||Henry Cosgrove †||Appointed Bishop of Davenport July 11, 1884|
|1881||1906||James J. Davis †||Appointed Titular Bishop of Milopotamus and Coadjutor Bishop of Davenport October 7, 1904|
|1911||1936||William Lawrence Adrian †||Appointed Bishop of Nashville February 2, 1936|
|1939||1968||Maurice John Dingman †||Appointed Bishop of Des Moines April 2, 1968|
|1950||1983||Lawrence Donald Soens||Appointed Bishop of Sioux City June 15, 1983|
|1994||2011||Robert Dwayne Gruss||Appointed Bishop of Rapid City May 26, 2011|
The following structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Some of the structures are no longer part of the diocese but are listed here because of their historical significance to the church.
|Church of All Saints, Keokuk||1879–1885||301 S. 9th Street
|Gothic Revival||William John Dillenburg, Joseph Conradi||Built as St. Peter’s Church and became the Church of All Saints when the three Keokuk parishes consoloidated into one parish in 1982.|
|Ambrose Hall||1885||518 W. Locust Street
|Second Empire||Victor Huot||Administrative building at Saint Ambrose University.|
|Democrat Building||1923||407-411 Brady Street
|Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements||Rudolph J.Clausen||Owned by The Catholic Messenger in the mid 20th century and housed the paper's headquarters, newsroom and printing operations.|
|Henry Kahl House||1920||1101 W. 9th Street
|Arthur Ebeling||Part of what was the Kahl Home for the Aged and Infirm, operated by the Carmelite Sisters.|
|Antoine LeClaire House||1855||630 E. 7th Street
|Italianate||Antoine LeClaire was instrumental in establishing St. Anthony’s and the Cathedral parishes in Davenport. The house became the residence of Bishops McMullen and Cosgrove (1881–1906).|
|F.H. Miller House||1871||1527 Brady Street
|Italianate||W.L. Carroll||Residence of Bishops Davis and Rohlman and the Novitiate for the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi of Clinton. The building is currently owned by Saint Ambrose University.|
|Regina Coeli Monastery||1916||1401 Central Avenue
Late Gothic Revival
|Arthur Ebeling||The building housed the Carmelite Nuns from 1916–1975, and was later a residence for a community of Franciscan Brothers. It became a four star hotel and is now a drug and alcohol rehab facility called The Abbey.|
|Marycrest College Historic District||1938||Portions of the 1500 and 1600 blocks of W. 12th Street, Davenport
||Queen Anne, others||Temple & Temple||The campus of the former Marycrest College. Included is the former Petersen Mansion.|
|Sacred Heart Cathedral||1891||406 and 422 E. 10th Street and 419 E. 11th Street, Davenport
||Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Gothic Revival, Tudor Gothic||Multiple||The designation includes the cathedral church, rectory and the former convent.|
|St. Anthony’s Church, Davenport||Original church: 1838
Present church: 1853
|407 and 417 Main Street
|Greek Revival||Multiple||First parish established in the Diocese of Davenport. Its original building is still in use on the church property and is the oldest church building in use in Iowa. The NRHP designation includes both the original and current church.|
|St. Boniface Church, Clinton||1908||2500 N. Pershing Blvd
|Gothic Revival||Martin Heer||Former parish of the diocese. Merged with the other four Clinton parishes in 1990 to form Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace. The parish continued to use the building until 2007. St. Boniface now houses The Catholic Historical Center at St. Boniface.|
|St. Irenaeus Church, Clinton||1871||2811 N. 2nd Street
|Gothic Revival||W.W. Sanborn||Former parish of the diocese. Merged with the other four Clinton parishes in 1990 to form Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace. The parish continued to use the building until 2008 when they built a new church. St. Irenaeus is now vacant.|
|Church of St. John the Baptist, Burlington||1885||712 Division Street
|Gothic Revival||Part of Saints John and Paul parish after the two Burlington parishes consolidated in the 1990s.|
|St. Joseph's Church, Bauer||1876||1 mile east of the junction of County Road G76 and SE. 97th Street (Marion County)
||Romanesque Revival, Late Gothic Revival||Part of a historic district that also includes the cemetery. The parish was closed in the 1990s.|
|St. Joseph's Church, Davenport||1883||Marquette and 6th Street
|Gothic Revival||Victor Hout||Former parish church of the diocese and now Grace Fellowship Church.|
|St. Joseph's Church, Fort Madison||1886||509 Avenue F
|Gothic Revival||Former parish church of the diocese and now a wedding chapel. The former church, rectory,convent and school are contributing properties in an historic district.|
|St. Joseph Hospital||1925||312 E. Alta Vista & 317 Vanness Aves.
|Former hospital campus operated of the Sisters of Humility.|
|St. Mary’s Academy||1888||1334 W. 8th Street
|Romanesque Revival||Former school building for St. Mary’s parish. It became a residence for clergy who taught at St. Ambrose Academy and later Assumption High School. It is no longer owned by the diocese.|
|St. Mary’s Church, Davenport||1885||516, 519, 522, and 525 Fillmore Street
|Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival||Victor Hout, Clause & Burrows||The NRHP designation includes the church, rectory, convent, and school building.|
|St. Mary of the Assumption Church, Fort Madison||1871||1031 Avenue E
|Gothic Revival||Walch & Schmidt||The church building is now part of Holy Family parish, which is a merger between St. Joseph's, St. Mary's and Sacred Heart Churches in Fort Madison.|
|St. Mary’s Church, Iowa City||1867||220 E. Jefferson Street
|Romanesque Revival||Hugh Giles, A. Groebel||The NRHP designation includes the church and rectory.|
|Old St. Mary's Rectory, Iowa City||1854||610 E. Jefferson Street
|Greek Revival||Original frame rectory for St. Mary’s parish in Iowa City. It was moved to its present location when the current rectory was built. It is a private residence today.|
|St. Mary's Church, Riverside||1907||St. Mary's and Washburn Streets, Riverside
||Late Gothic Revival, Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival||Multiple||The church complex forms a historic district on the NRHP which includes the church, rectory, original church and former school building.|
|St. Michael's Church, Holbrook||1867||On County Road F 52, East of Parnell
||Late Gothic Revival, Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival||Multiple||The church complex forms a historic district on the NRHP that includes the church, cemetery, rectory and Ancient Order of Hibernians Hall. The parish was closed in the 1990s.|
|St. Patrick's Church, Georgetown||1912||U.S. Route 34 west of Albia, Georgetown, Iowa
||Gothic Revival||Carr & Cullen, Timothy Clifford|
|St. Paul's Church, Burlington||1895||508 N. 4th St.
|Gothic Revival||Part of Saints John and Paul parish after the two Burlington parishes consolidated in the 1990s.|
|Saints Peter and Paul Church, Clear Creek||1898||Southeast of Harper
||Gothic Revival||Harry Schroeder, Ferdinand S. Borgolte||The parish was merged with St. Elizabeth in Harper and St. Mary's in Keota to form Holy Trinity parish in 1992. In 2006 the last Mass was celebrated in the church and in 2009 it was sold to the Sts. Peter and Paul Heritage Association.|
|Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Church, Solon||1916||1165 NE. Taft Avenue
|Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals||R. K. Parkinson||The parish was closed in 1996 when it consolidated with St. Mary’s in Solon. It is currently owned by a private foundation that maintains the facility.|
|Selma Schricker House||1902||1430 Clay Street
|Georgian Revival||Clausen & Clausen||The house served as the residence of Bishops Rohlman, Hayes, O'Keefe and Franklin.|
- Assumption High School, Davenport
- Holy Trinity High School, Fort Madison
- Notre Dame High School, Burlington
- Prince of Peace Preparatory, Clinton
- Regina High School, Iowa City
- Deirdre Cox Baker (April 19, 2017). "Monsignor Zinkula named bishop of Diocese of Davenport". Quad-City Times. Davenport. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- "Diocese of Davenport". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Diocese of Davenport". GCatholic.org. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- "History". St. Ambrose University. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- "Mission and History". Indian Hills Community College. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- Ann McGlynn, Lee Nelson (December 18, 2001). "Marycrest to close doors". Davenport: Quad-City Times. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- Ann McGlynn (December 14, 2003). "Marycrest campus renovated into senior center". Davenport: Quad-City Times. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- Thomas Geyer, Brian Wellner (July 9, 2015). "Ashford Clinton campus to close in 2016". Davenport: Quad-City Times. Retrieved 2017-02-19.
- Davenport, A. Benedict. A History and Genealogy of the Davenport Family in England and America, From A.D. 1036 to 1850 (New York: S.W. Benedict, 1851)
- "Bishop John McMullen". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Henry Cosgrove". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop James Joseph Davis". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Archbishop Henry Patrick Rohlman". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Ralph Leo Hayes". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Gerald Francis O’Keefe". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop William Edwin Franklin". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Martin John Amos". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Archbishop Edward Daniel Howard". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop". Diocese of Davenport. Retrieved 2013-01-09.
- "Bishop William Lawrence Adrian". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Maurice John Dingman". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Lawrence Donald Soens". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Robert Dwayne Gruss". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "History". Sts. Peter and Paul Chapel. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article Davenport.|
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