Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church (Mobile, Alabama)

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Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church Mobile AL.JPG
Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church in 2008.
Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church (Mobile, Alabama) is located in Alabama
Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church (Mobile, Alabama)
Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church (Mobile, Alabama) is located in the US
Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church (Mobile, Alabama)
Location Mobile, Alabama
Coordinates 30°41′23″N 88°3′14″W / 30.68972°N 88.05389°W / 30.68972; -88.05389Coordinates: 30°41′23″N 88°3′14″W / 30.68972°N 88.05389°W / 30.68972; -88.05389
Built 1907
Architect Diboll & Owen; Chamblin, G.A.
Architectural style Gothic Revival
MPS Historic Roman Catholic Properties in Mobile Multiple Property Submission
NRHP Reference #

91000841

[1]
Added to NRHP July 3, 1991

Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church is a historic Roman Catholic church building in Mobile, Alabama, United States. It serves as the parish church for St. Joseph's Parish in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mobile.

St. Joseph's Parish is the third oldest in Mobile. It was formed in 1857 to serve Catholics too far removed from the downtown Cathedral and the Church of St. Vincent de Paul in South Mobile.

St. Joseph's Parish is approaching it's 160th year of service with its congregation of faithful parishioners.

History[edit]

Bishop Michael Portier appointed a Jesuit priest, Father Peter Ismand as the first pastor of St.Joseph Parish in the year 1857. Father Peter Ismand was a popular priest who ministered the soldiers of both the Confederacy and the Union Armed Forces. He was also very active during the Yellow Fever epidemic.[2]

The Sisters of Mercy came to Mobile in 1884 for service in St. Joseph's Parish. Their social works mission included visiting the sick, the destitute and prisoners. They founded St. Joseph's School, later to be called the Convent of Mercy Academy.  The convent was moved to another location in 1969.

Membership of the Parish began to swell and a need arose to plan and construct a larger Church. The present land at Springhill Avenue was purchased from the Prador family. The Jesuits of Spring Hill College were entrusted with the erection of a Church, which they built close to the city hospital in 1858.

The new parish was made up primarily of German immigrants. A magnificent church building with its soaring nave and spectacular, stained glass windows was designed in Gothic style.  The corner stone was laid by the then Bishop Allen on August 8, 1907. Construction was completed within a year and the present sanctuary was dedicated on August 4, 1908.

In 1907 several organizations were established by the church under the leadership of Father Linus Schuler. Among these were:  The Altar Society, The Holy Name Society, St.Vincent de Paul Conference, The Society for Propagation of Faith and The Holy Child Association.

In September 1908 the Mobile Daily Register wrote a short article about the newly completed church calling it "one of the handsomest churches in the state." The paper noted the lack of interior columns as a "striking feature" resulting in an "entirely open interior." The church has a seating capacity of 800.

The Jesuits continued to manage the Church and established an endowment to provide ongoing support for the Parish. In 2009 the Jesuits turned over management to the Archdioceses of Mobile.

Architecture[edit]

Diboll and Owen of New Orleans were the architects and G. A. Chamblin of Mobile was the contractor. 

The Church itself is an impressive example of the Gothic Revival style. It is sixty by one hundred feet/ brick with a granite water table and a one hundred and twenty foot tower. The building is a classic medieval reproduction with a gable (slate) to the front nave, a 120 foot centered square tower/ transepts and apse.

The facade is dominated by the tower, which has a central entrance of paired wooden doors with Tudor arch tops and corbeled in, battlemented parapet over the entrance. The tower features monumental buttresses with a set of tripled stained glass Tudor windows in the second story and tripled louvered vents in the third story.

The side elevations feature large Tudor stained glass windows delineated by buttresses. The transepts are buttressed and include each a pair of tall Tudor windows and large stained glass window above. There is a copper cross atop each transept.

The church is entered by the tower and double wooden doors and stained glass windows lead into the sanctuary. The interior consists of a large nave with four rows of pews and open transepts. The aisles are covered by low arches and a high arch covers the nave. There are no columns supporting these arches. The walls are clad with marble wainscoting. The stained glass windows (imported from Germany) are interspersed with the Stations of the Cross.

Lantern lights are suspended along each side of the nave. The marble chancery rail extends across the west end of the interior. The apse features free standing Corinthian columns with gilded capitals to either side and massive engaged Corinthian pillars behind. The marble altar is carved with a scene of the Last Supper and the high altar is marble as well with intricate carvings and spires.

Each transept includes a large round stained glass window with a niche below containing statuary. A small free standing semi-circular balcony over the main entrance includes organ pipes but no seating.

National Historic Register Significance[edit]

St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church retains its integrity of location/ materials and design. The original Gothic cupolas atop the tower corners were destroyed by Hurricane Frederic in 1979. There are no other exterior changes of note. Interior integrity is excellent as well.

Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Church is significant under National Register Criterion as an important high style example of the Second Gothic Revival in Mobile. The high style design, quality materials and workmanship are typical of Catholic architectural endeavors in the city. The property is further significant for the Rectory, contemporary with the church and stylistically compatible through its details. No other rectory in the city is so architecturally similar to its church as this one.[3] 

The building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 3, 1991 as part of the Historic Roman Catholic Properties in Mobile Multiple Property Submission.[1][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Jesuit Institutions in the Early 1900's". 66.241.217.217. Retrieved 2017-03-30. 
  3. ^ "National Historic Register". npgallery.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-30. 
  4. ^ "Historic Roman Catholic Properties in Mobile MPS" (PDF). "National Register Information System". Retrieved 2009-02-05.