Saint Karapet Monastery of Aprakunis

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St. Karapet Monastery of Aprakunis
Սուրբ Կարապետ վանք (Ապրակունիս)
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
RiteArmenian Apostolic
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusyes
StatusDestroyed in 2004
Location
LocationAprakunis, Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic
Saint Karapet Monastery of Aprakunis is located in Azerbaijan
Saint Karapet Monastery of Aprakunis
Shown within Azerbaijan
Geographic coordinates39°08′06″N 45°38′13″E / 39.13500°N 45.63694°E / 39.13500; 45.63694Coordinates: 39°08′06″N 45°38′13″E / 39.13500°N 45.63694°E / 39.13500; 45.63694
Architecture
TypeDome basilica
StyleArmenian
Completed8th-9th century

St. Karapet Monastery of Aprakunis (Armenian: Ապրակունիսի Սուրբ Կարապետ վանք an Armenian Apostolic church , on the plateau on the right bank of the Yernjak River (sv) in the Yernjak (ru) province of the Syunik province of Greater Armenia (now in the Julfa region of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic), near the village of Aprakunis.

History[edit]

It was founded by the Crimean monk Malakia (hy) in 1381. Gathering students, he invited Hovhan Vorotnetsi (ru) and Grigor Tatevatsi to establish the Aprakunyats higher type school in the monastery, the first head scholar of which was Hovhan Vorotnetsi. The construction of the monastery was completed by Grigor Tatevatsi, who after the death of Hovhan Vorotnetsi in 1386 replaced him as the head scholar, and in 1391, due to the invasion of Timur, was forced to leave Yernjak. During 15th and 16th centuries St. Karapet Church of Aprakunis and its school was in decline, and in 17thcentury, the church and other buildings were already in a state of disrepair. In 1655, the monks Isaiah and Lazarus built a new church with a four-domed basilica with two-storeyed apses on either side of the tabernacle. The main part of St. Karapet Church was built of polished basalt, and the high, slender drum dome was made of brick. The decoration elements were multicoloured at the bottom of the walls. The name of the architect, David Usta, is mentioned in the inscription above the church tabernacle. In 1664-1666, a three-arched vestibule-hall (now a ruin) was attached to the western facade. Adjacent from the south was a vaulted, long St. Stephen chapel. According to the inscription, it was built in 1714 by Khoja Ayvaz, a merchant from Shorot. In 1705, Mr. Aghamal from Nakhichevan built a two-story bell tower on the roof of St. Stephen Chapel. Inside St. Karapet Church It was built in 1714 by Khoja Ayvaz, a merchant from Shorot. In 1705, Aghamal of Nakhichevan built a two-story bell tower on the roof of St. Stepanos Chapel. Inside St. Karapet Church It was built in 1714 by Khoja Ayvaz, a merchant from Shorot. In 1705, Mr. Aghamal from Nakhichevan built a two-story bell tower on the roof of St. Stepanos Chapel. The sons of Naghash Hovnatan, Harutyun and Hakob, decorated interior of St. Karapet Church with high-art frescoes in 1740, and the portraits of the Virgin Mary, Paul and Peter were the best preserved parts. St. Karapet Monastery of Aprakunis between 14th to 18th centuries was a cultural and writing centre. Among the manuscripts written here, there are manuscripts of Grigor Narekatsi, Grigor Tgha and others from the collection copied by Hakob Grch in 1386. The monastery was a renowned place of pilgrimage for healing of snake bite. The relics of St. Karapet and St. Hovhan Voskeberan, the Thousand Saviour Cross, which were taken to affected areas during epidemics were kept in St. Karapet Church in Aprakunis.

Current status[edit]

According to the Scottish scholar S. Sim, the church was destroyed in 2004, and only its ruins are in place.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Սեդրակյան Ա., Հնութիւնք հայրենեաց ի գաւառին Երնջակու, Վաղ-պատ, 1872։
  • Ա լ ի շ ա ն Ղ., Սիսական, Վնտ., 1893։
  • Սմբատյանց Մ., Նկարագիր Սուրբ Կարապետ վանից Երնջակա և շրջակայից նորա, Տփխիս, 1904։
  • Այվազյան Ա., Աբրակունիսի Սուրբ Կարապետ վանքը, Էջմիածին, 1976, դ 7։
  • Քրիստոնյա Հայաստան հանրագիտարան, Երևան, ««Հայկական Հանրագիտարան հրատարակչություն ՊՈԱԿ»», 2002, էջ 67 — 1076 էջ։