Saint Lawrence rift system
The Saint Lawrence rift system is a seismically active zone paralleling the Saint Lawrence River. The rift system trends northeast and southwest and forms a half-graben that links the Ottawa-Bonnechere and the Saguenay grabens. The rift system extends more than 1,000 km (620 mi) along the Saint Lawrence valley from the Ottawa – Montreal area. Within the system, fault reactivation is believed to occur along late Proterozoic to early Paleozoic normal faults related to the opening of the Iapetus Ocean.
Two significant historically active seismic zones occur along this system associated with northwest trending intersecting graben structures. The Charlevoix region has been the location of at least five magnitude six or larger earthquakes over the last 350 years, including the 1925 Charlevoix–Kamouraska earthquake. At the Lower St Lawrence zone the largest recorded earthquakes are about magnitude five. Seismic studies indicate a crustal convergence across the Saint Lawrence valley of about 0.5 mm (0.020 in) per year.
- 1944 Cornwall–Massena earthquake – Earthquake near the New York–Ontario border
- List of earthquakes in Canada
- Tremblay, Alain; Lemieux, Yvon (2001). "Supracrustal faults of the St. Lawrence rift system between Cap-Tourmente and Baie-Saint-Paul, Quebec" (PDF). Current Research 2001. Natural Resources Canada. ISBN 978-0-662-29890-8. M44-2001/D15E-IN.
- Mazzotti, S.; Henton, J.; Adams, J. (Spring 2004). "Crustal strain rates and seismic hazard from seismicity and GPS measurements along the St Lawrence Valley, Quebec". AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts. 2004: S14A–02. Bibcode:2004AGUSM.S14A..02M. Abstract #S14A-02.
- Anglin, F.; Buchbinder, G. (October 1981). "Microseismicity in the mid-St. Lawrence Valley Charlevoix zone, Québec". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 71 (5): 1553–60. Bibcode:1981BuSSA..71.1553A. doi:10.1785/BSSA0710051553.
- "Earthquakes in southeastern Canada" (PDF). Earthquakes Canada. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 17 April 2020.