Saint Mary's University (Halifax)

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Saint Mary's University
Saint Mary's University Halifax logo.png
Motto Age Quod Agis
What You Do, Do Well
Type Public
Established 1802; 214 years ago (1802)
Endowment $25 million (2012)[1]
Chancellor Paul D. Sobey
President Robert Summerby-Murray
Vice-president ‌‌Esther E. Enns (acting)
Gabrielle Morrison
Visitor Anthony Mancini
Academic staff
501 (2014)[2]
Administrative staff
484 (2014)[2]
Students 7,465 (2014)[2]
Location Halifax, Nova Scotia
Campus Urban
Colours           Maroon and white
Nickname Huskies
Mascot Husky
Affiliations AUCC, IAU, CIS, UArctic, ACU, CUSID, AUS, CBIE
Website smu.ca

Saint Mary's University (SMU) is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The school is best known for having nationally leading programs[3] in business[4] and chemistry,[5] as well as one of the best Canadian women's basketball programs.[6] The campus is situated in Halifax's South End and covers approximately 80 acres (32 ha).[7]

History[edit]

Saint Mary's was established in Glebe House (the brick building on the right).

Saint Mary's is the second oldest English-speaking and first Roman Catholic initiated university in Canada. The Roman Catholic church founded Saint Mary's College in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1802. It was established in Glebe House, on the corner of Spring Garden Road and Barrington Street, with the aim of extending educational opportunities for Catholic youth and training candidates for the clergy.[8]

In 1840 the Nova Scotia Legislature bestowed the degree granting charter to Saint Mary’s and eleven years later granted the University formal legal status. Saint Mary's collapsed in 1883, but was revived in 1903 by Cornelius O'Brien, then Archbishop of Halifax. It reopened as a high school in a new campus on Windsor Street, near the junction with Quinpool Road.[8]

In 1913 the Christian Brothers of Ireland were asked by the Archdiocese of Halifax to direct the college and academic programs. Degree-granting resumed in 1918. With this change of leadership the university's reputation thrived as a liberal arts institution and expanded its undergraduate programs, with the most notable being the Faculty of Commerce in 1934 (now known as the Sobey School of Business), which was the first of its kind in Canada. In 1940 the Upper Province of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) was invited to succeed the Christian Brothers as both administrators and faculty. A Roll of Honour at St. Mary's University is dedicated to students of St. Mary's College who volunteered for the Second World War.[9]

Due to rapid growth the college was fast outgrowing the Windsor Street campus, and so the Gorsebrook Golf Club was purchased in 1943. Construction of the new campus was delayed by wartime steel shortages.[8] The relocation was completed in 1952. The former college building was rented by the Halifax school board and the overcrowded Saint Patrick's Boys' School was relocated there.[10] The modern Saint Patrick's High School opened on the site in 1954 and operated until 2007. The old Saint Mary's College building was rented for a time by the Maritime Conservatory of Music before it was sold to the city in 1968 and demolished to make way for the expansion of Saint Patrick's.[10][11]

The next 30 years would see the university flourish under Jesuit supervision, with such advancements as the formal recognition of the "college" as a university in 1952 and purchasing the first computer in Atlantic Canada (a Royal McBee LGP-30) in 1959. In 1970 the Jesuits formally incorporated the university under the "Acts of Incorporation" which gave all administrative and academic duties to the Board of Governors and Academic Senate. Saint Mary's University was established by the Saint Mary's University Act, 1970.[citation needed]

In 1951, the High School moved with Saint Mary’s College to the Robie Street campus where they occupied three classrooms on the second floor of the new McNally building. The High School offered an embellished junior matriculation for grades 9,10,11 and many of the boys entered Saint Mary's directly upon graduation although some went to Saint Patrick's or Queen Elizabeth to attend grade 12. The Jesuit influence which incorporated the principles of a sound mind and a sound body meant that everyone who attended the high school became an active participant in intramural hockey, football and basketball.

With fewer than 100 students enrolled in any one year, developing teams to represent Saint Mary's University High School on the extracurricular level seemed daunting but with the astute coaching of the future Hall of Fame coach,Frank "Mr Basketball" Baldwin success was achieved. Saint Mary's High School "A" and "B" basketball teams won three straight Halifax City Championships. Back to back Provincial Headmasters Championships by the "A" team in 1960-61 and 1961-62 epitomized the rich athletic tradition cultivated by the Jesuits. This accomplishment was even more significant when you consider that the school drew its athletes from less than 100 students.

The Saint Mary’s University High School closed in 1963. A plaque detailing the history of the high school was placed at the entrance to the McNally building in 1988 as part of a Twenty Five year reunion.

In 2013 the Saint Mary’s High School basketball achievement was recognized at the Hall of Fame events and a plaque containing the names of all of the players who represented the school on the 1959 - 1962. The plaque can be seen in the Tower at Saint Mary’s University.

Since then the university has continued expansion of its academic programs with the most notable being the offerings of doctoral level studies in astronomy and business and the accreditation of the business school with the AACSB (Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business). At the same time the university has expanded its campus facilities with noted additions of the Burke-Gaffney Observatory in the 1970s and the Sobey Building in 1998. In 1992, the Faculty of Commerce was renamed the Sobey School of Business, after Frank H. Sobey, founder of Sobeys. In 2001, SMU's Huskies were the first Atlantic Canadian university team to advance to the world finals in the ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest World Finals.[citation needed]

In early 1994 workers renovating the Rice Residence found that an exterior wall on the 16th storey was dangerously unstable and posed a hazard to those walking below. Over 250 students were moved to the Halifax Hilton, which had recently gone out of business, which was used as a temporary residence while repairs were carried out.[12]

In the 1990s the provincial government sought to cut funding to Nova Scotia's universities. Teacher education programs were consolidated at Mount Saint Vincent University, Acadia University, and Université Sainte-Anne, while the education faculties at Saint Mary's and Dalhousie were wound up and the 140-year-old Nova Scotia Teachers College was closed altogether.[13] The Saint Mary's education program ended in the spring of 1996. It was not forcibly closed by the province, but the minister of education stated that he would only licence teachers who had graduated from the three approved universities.[14]

On September 2, 2013, a video was uploaded to Instagram that brought national attention to a frosh cheer. In the video, Saint Mary's students, both male and female, were seen participating in a chant that expressed excitement towards rape.[15] The chant, which had been part of Orientation Week for at least five years, contained a particular line saying "N is for No-consent". Jared Perry, chair of Students Nova Scotia and president of Saint Mary's University Students' Association stepped down from the former position and called his failure to stop the chant "the biggest mistake" of his life.[16][17]

Communications manager Steve Proctor opined that "nobody actually doing the cheer believed in what it was" but the Avalon Sexual Assault Centre reported that it received calls from survivors specifically regarding the cheer.[17] Nova Scotia cabinet minister Peter MacKay also criticized the chant as "offensive and dangerous".[16] A review conducted in the following months detailed a plan to require sensitivity training for the frosh leaders and to discuss informed consent with the incoming students. The university also changed the name "Orientation Week" to "Welcome Week" for 2014.[18]

Faculties[edit]

Saint Mary's comprises four faculties:

Campus[edit]

McNally Building
Loyola Residence

The Saint Mary's 80-acre (32 hectare) campus is located in the south end, not far from Downtown Halifax and just down the road from Dalhousie University. Major buildings include:

  • McNally Building (1951)
  • Burke Building (1965)
  • Alumni Arena (1965)
  • O'Donnell-Hennessey Student Centre (1967-69)
  • Science Building (1968)
  • Rice Residence (1968)
  • Vanier Residence (1968)
  • Huskies Stadium (1969)
  • Loyola Complex (1971)
  • Patrick Power Library (1976)
  • The Tower (1987) – merged into Homburg Centre
  • Sobey Building (1997)
  • The Atrium (2009)
  • Homburg Centre (2012)
  • 960 Tower Road (2013)

Over the past decade many of the older buildings on campus have been substantially renovated. In March 2005, Saint Mary’s started the “Science Building Renewal Project” which was estimated to cost $100 million.[7] This project is part of the larger project the “University’s Strategic Directions and Academic Plan” which was developed in consultation with students, faculty and local citizens in order to meet both the needs of the university and local community over the next decade. The project focused on modernising and expanding the science faculty's resources, generally renewing the architectural, mechanical and electrical infrastructures of the Science Building, providing additional office and research space to faculty members, improving lab layout, and integrating with future campus developments.

The university completed construction of the Atrium and Global Commons project in late 2009. The three-storey $17.5 million complex links the Science Centre, the Burke Building and the Patrick Power Library. The space features a common area, theatre style classrooms, offices and study spaces. The project also features advanced green environmental technologies, has fully integrated hard and Wi-Fi systems, a food outlet and a three storey green wall.

The 62-year-old McNally Building recently underwent a $27 million renewal thanks in large part to the Canadian governments Infrastructure Renewal Programme. Estimated to be completed by March 2011, most of the interior of the four floor, four wing complex is being rebuilt.

Construction of the new Homburg Centre for Health and Wellness began in October 2010. This complex, an extension of the Tower fitness centre, houses new space for community health and wellness activities and is the new home for the Centre for the Study of Sport and Health. The $8 million project was funded by a donation from real estate developer and manager Richard Homburg and the University's capital campaign.[citation needed] It opened in 2012.

960 Tower Road, a three-storey, 28,000 square foot building, opened in 2013. It is home to the English as a second language program as well as the Sobey School Business Development Centre, which moved back to campus from a downtown location.[20] The university stirred controversy when it demolished the former Halifax Infants’ Home in 2014.[21]

The university is presently planning a new $30-million, 42,700-square-foot project at the southern edge of the campus. Dubbed the Entrepreneurship Discovery and Innovation Hub, the building will be integrated with the Loyola Complex and the Sobey Building. University administration anticipate completion of the building by 2018.[22]

Legacy[edit]

The Saint Mary's University mace shows the religious background of this now secular institution. There are crests for the Archdiocese of Halifax. the LaSalle Christian Brothers, the Irish Christian Brothers and the Jesuits. On 27 May 2002, Canada Post issued "Saint Mary's University, 1802-2002" as part of the Canadian Universities series, based upon a design by Steven Slipp, based on photographs by James Steeves and on an illustration by Bonnie Ross. The 48¢ stamps are perforated 13.5 and were printed by Ashton-Potter Canada Limited.[23]

Reputation[edit]

Saint Mary’s University was evaluated in 2011 and 2012 by two different national reports on post-secondary institutions in Canada. The Canadian University Report is conducted annually by the Globe and Mail, and reflects the opinions of more than 33,000 undergraduate students across the country as gathered in a student satisfaction survey. Saint Mary’s University is in the “small” category of along with 15 other universities with enrolment between 4,000 - 12,000 students.

The annual Maclean’s magazine rankings measure universities on 13 performance measures. Maclean’s evaluates 49 universities in three categories; Saint Mary’s is in the Primarily Undergraduate category along with 18 other institutions where it ranked 7th in 2016.[24]

The Canadian University Report stated that overall student satisfaction had a grade of B+ in 2013, the same as in 2012, A- in quality of teaching, A- in class size, A- in buildings and facilities and improvement shown in six key categories

Saint Mary’s ranks eighth overall in its category with the highest number of professors who have won national awards (amongst all primarily undergraduate universities in Atlantic Canada) and has the highest percentage of full-time faculty with a PhD in Nova Scotia (this includes comprehensive and primarily undergraduate combined.

Student life[edit]

Huskies football[edit]

Main article: Saint Mary's Huskies

The Huskies won back-to-back Canadian University Football Championships (2001 & 2002), the third university to do so (after Manitoba and Western).

Huskies hockey[edit]

In 2010, the men Huskies won their first CIS University Hockey Cup by defeating the Alberta Golden Bears 3-2 in overtime.

Saint Mary's University Students' Association[edit]

The Saint Mary's University Students' Association (SMUSA) is the official representation of the students of Saint Mary's University. The association was incorporated in 1966, however, unofficially has represented students for many years previous. The Association main offices are located on the top floor of the student centre at the heart of campus.[citation needed]

SMUSA provides such services as a safe drive program, tutor database, online book exchange, health and dental plans and the Gorsebrook Lounge. SMUSA also operates many departments that help in the mission of serving students and making their lives at Saint Mary's the best possible. These departments include the volunteer department, events and programming, marketing and communications, the yearbook, the information desk and husky patrol.

SMUSA came under scrutiny after their first-year frosh orientation in 2013. A traditional chant promoting non-consensual sex with underage girls was posted on Instagram, and then picked up by traditional media. Student union president Jared Perry resigned as president of Students Nova Scotia but stayed on as head of the university's student association. The Saint Mary's University Students Association is represented federally by the Canadian Alliance of Student Associations and provincially by StudentsNS (formerly ANSSA.[citation needed]

Notable alumni[edit]

Saint Mary's University Academic Senate[edit]

The Saint Mary's University Academic Senate is the part of a bicameral university governance structure responsible for academic decisions at the University. It is paired with a board of governors responsible for administrative and financial decisions. The Senate has ten ex-officio members: the President, Vice-Presidents, Deans, Registrar, Director of Student Services, Director of Continuing Education, and University Librarian. Fifteen faculty members are elected to three year terms and five students are elected by the general university population to one year terms.[citation needed]

Function[edit]

The academic senate is governed by the Saint Mary's University Act and subject to the powers of the university's Board and is responsible for the educational policy of the University in addition to:

  • May create, maintain and discontinue such faculties, departments, schools or institutes and establish such chairs as it may determine and may fix the duties of those employed therein
  • May recommend to the Board the affiliation or discontinuance of the affiliation of or with other universities
  • May determine courses of study, admission standards, qualifications for diplomas, certificates and degrees, examinations, scholarships and bursaries and may issue university calendars and other official publications
  • Shall be responsible for the library
  • Shall be responsible for student discipline
  • May create such committees as it deems necessary or useful
  • May make regulations governing the matters that are assigned to it by this Section

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dehaas, Josh (4 July 2014). "How big is your university's endowment? See here.". Maclean's. 
  2. ^ a b c "Quick Facts". About Saint Mary's. Association of Atlantic Universities. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  3. ^ http://oncampus.macleans.ca/education/2012/11/01/2013-primarily-undergraduate/
  4. ^ http://www.smu.ca/newsreleases/2009/09-04-02.html
  5. ^ Maclean's - 2014 Guide to Canadian Universities. Print.
  6. ^ http://www.halifax.ca/council/documents/021202caaddp.pdf
  7. ^ a b "Saint Mary's University". 
  8. ^ a b c "University History - Campuses". University Archives. Saint Mary's University. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 
  9. ^ Roll of Honour at St. Mary's University
  10. ^ a b Hum, R. Bernard (1973). The History of Saint Patrick's Schools (PDF). 
  11. ^ "Minutes" (PDF). Halifax City Council. 29 February 1968. 
  12. ^ Cox, Kevin (5 February 1994). "Decay of university buildings in the Maritimes has reached a crisis". The Globe and Mail. p. A1. 
  13. ^ Cox, Kevin (26 October 1994). "Nova Scotia universities face mergers". The Globe and Mail. p. A4. 
  14. ^ "Nova Scotia chopping education programs at two universities". The Gazette. Canadian Press. 16 April 1994. p. A8. 
  15. ^ Kingkade, Tyler (2013-09-06). "St. Mary's University Students' Pro-Rape Chant Condemned After 5 Years of Use". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  16. ^ a b Taber, Jane (2013-09-05). "Saint Mary's student president says rape chant was 'biggest mistake... probably in my life'". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  17. ^ a b "Saint Mary's frosh sex chant sparks review". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2013-09-05. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  18. ^ "Saint Mary's University unveils frosh week changes in wake of rape chant". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2014-08-27. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  19. ^ http://www.smu.ca/newsreleases/2012/30-01-12-newsobeydean.html
  20. ^ "Grand Opening of 960 Tower Road". Saint Mary's University. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 
  21. ^ Willick, Frances (27 June 2014). "Former Halifax Infants' Home demolished". Halifax Chronicle-Herald. 
  22. ^ Lightstone, Michael (16 August 2016). "Saint Mary's University planning an on-campus addition, a building described as an entrepreneurship hub". Local Xpress. 
  23. ^ Canada Post stamp
  24. ^ "Introducing the 2016 Maclean's University Rankings". Macleans.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-15. 
  25. ^ a b c Cox, Kevin (19 December 1995). "Halifax rivals taking care of business". The Globe and Mail. p. A10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°37′54.07″N 63°34′47.09″W / 44.6316861°N 63.5797472°W / 44.6316861; -63.5797472