Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum)

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Saint Mary Coptic Orthodox Church
ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ⲉⲑ̅ⲩ̅ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲣⲁⲃⲏ ⲛ̀ⲣⲱⲙⲉⲟⲥ
30°00′21″N 31°13′40″E / 30.0059°N 31.2279°E / 30.0059; 31.2279Coordinates: 30°00′21″N 31°13′40″E / 30.0059°N 31.2279°E / 30.0059; 31.2279
LocationHaret Elroum, Cairo
Country Egypt
DenominationCoptic Orthodox Church
History
Founded10th century
DedicationMary, mother of Jesus
Dedicated10th century
Architecture
Architectural typeChurch
StyleCoptic
Administration
DivisionThe Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate
Clergy
Bishop(s)Pope Tawadros II

Saint Mary Coptic Orthodox Church in Haret el-Roum (Coptic: ϯⲉⲕⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲑⲉⲟⲇⲟⲕⲟⲥ ⲉⲑ̅ⲩ̅ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲣⲁⲃⲏ ⲛ̀ⲣⲱⲙⲉⲟⲥ The Church of Holy Mother of God in Roman quarter) is a Coptic Orthodox church in el-Ghoureya, Cairo near the Saint Theodore.[1]

From 1660 to 1800 the church was the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria. In 1660 Pope Matthew IV of Alexandria transferred the seat to Church of the Virgin Mary to Saint Mary Church,[2] where it remained until 1800 when Pope Mark VIII transferred the patriarchal seat to Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya.

Importance[edit]

Saint Mary Church grew in importance as the centre of the Coptic Church. Several Coptic Popes are buried in the church.

History[edit]

Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum) was rebuilt several times, and in 1794 Ibrahim El-Gohary renovated the church. It was damaged by fire during the reign of Pope Mark VIII (1797–1809) but was restored and rebuilt.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St-Theodore Archived 2007-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ St Mina Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine