St. Nicholas Avenue
St. Nicholas Avenue is a major street that runs north-south between 193rd Street and 111th Streets in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It goes through the neighborhoods of Harlem, Hamilton Heights, and Washington Heights. St. Nicholas Avenue serves as a border between the West Side of Harlem and Central Harlem. Although Harlem in a broad sense spans from the East River to the Hudson River, the area west of St. Nicholas Avenue is not always counted as part of Harlem proper.
North of 169th Street, St. Nicholas Avenue is aligned with the street grid with Wadsworth Avenue one block west (north of 174th Street) and Audubon Avenue. It crosses over the Trans-Manhattan Expressway at 178-179th Streets. The intersection of St. Nicholas with Broadway at 167th Street forms Mitchell Square Park. Below 169th Street, St. Nicholas Avenue cuts at a diagonal to much of the Manhattan street grid, crossing Amsterdam Avenue at 162nd Street and continuing against the grain to West 148th Street. Below 148th, St. Nicholas returns to a rough parallel track, with Convent Avenue one block west and Edgecombe Avenue, down to 124th Street. Below 124th, St. Nicholas Avenue takes a sharp diagonal, crossing Frederick Douglass Boulevard at 121st Street, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard at 116th Street, ending at Lenox Avenue, just north of Central Park. Its 17th-century origin as part of Eastern Post Road accounts for its non conformance to the later grid.
From early colonial days through the 19th century the road was known as Harlem Lane. It is claimed to have followed an old Indian path called Weekquaeskeek. The road accommodated travelers going toward Spuyten Duyvil, Kingsbridge, and points north. Harlem Lane was sometimes referred to as the Kingsbridge Road, and it constituted a portion of the old Post Road that led from lower Manhattan to New England.
In 2000, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani signed a bill adding the name "Juan Pablo Duarte Boulevard" to St. Nicholas Avenue for the stretch from Amsterdam Avenue and West 162nd Street to the intersection of West 193rd Street and Fort George Hill. The added name was in honor of Juan Pablo Duarte, one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic.
- Parks Department website
- "History of St. Nicholas Park", Friends of St. Nicholas Park, New York City
- Brooklyn Genealogy Info
- "St. Nicholas Park", New York City Department of Parks and Recreation
- "Mayor Giuliani Signs Bill That Names Section of St. Nicholas Avenue in Honor of Juan Pablo Duarte" (Press release). New York City Mayor's Office. February 22, 2000. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
- Media related to St. Nicholas Avenue (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons