Rusticus (archbishop of Lyon)

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Saint Rusticus (c. 455 – 25 April 501), the successor of Saint Lupicinus of Lyon (491-494), served as Archbishop of Lyon from 494 to April 501.[1] Later canonized and venerated in the Catholic Church, his feast day is 25 April.


He and his brother St. Viventiolus were the sons of Aquilinus (c. 430-c. 470), a nobleman at Lyon. Aquilinus was the son of Tullia (born 410), the daughter of Saint Eucherius and his wife Gallia. Tullia's husband, whose name is unknown, was the son of Decimus Rusticus and his wife Artemia, and was a vicarius of a province in Gaul between 423 and 448 under Apollinaris, the father of Aquilinus' schoolfellow and friend, Sidonius Apollinaris (c. 400).


Rusticus served for many years as a magistrate.[2] Around 494 he succeeded Lupicinus of Lyon as bishop. Shortly after his consecration, Rusticus sent some financial aid to Pope Gelasius I. Gelasius wrote back in February 494, recommending to the bishop's good offices Epiphanius of Pavia, who was on his way to Gaul to see to the ransom of certain captives held by the Burgundian king Gundobad.[3][4] According to Ennodius, among those freed were 400 from Lyon.[5]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Married before 480 to Hiberie de Limoges (born c. 460), daughter of Ruricius, Bishop of Limoges (then Augustoritum) and his wife Ommance. Rusticus and his wife had three children:


  1. ^ Goyau, Georges. "Lyons." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 30 December 2018 Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Odden, Per Einar. "Den hellige Rusticus av Lyon (d. ~500)", Den katolske kirke, August 23, 2917
  3. ^ Bennett, S.A., "Rusticus (9)", A Dictionary of Christian Biography, (William Smith, Henry Wace, eds.), J. Murray, 1887, Vol. IV, p. 565 Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Ennodius, Vita Epifani, 136–147; translated in Sr. Genevieve Marie Cook, The Life of Saint Epiphanius by Ennodius: A translation with an introduction and commentary (Washington: Catholic University of America, 1942), pp. 87–91.
  5. ^ Ennodius, Vita Epifani, p. 101
  6. ^ a b Heinzelmann, Martin. Gregory of Tours: History and Society in the Sixth Century United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2001. p, 21 ISBN 9780521631747
  7. ^ Odden, Per Einar. "Den hellige Niketius av Lyon (513-573)", Den katolske kirke, July 29, 2018


  • Sidonius Apollinaris, The Letters of Sidonius (Oxford: Clarendon, 1915) (orig.), pp. clx-clxxxiii; List of Correspondents, Notes, V.ix.1.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Archbishop of Lyon
Succeeded by