Saint Vincent Labour Party

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The Saint Vincent Labour Party was a social democratic political party in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and the ruling party between 1967 and 1972 and again from 1974 until 1984.

History[edit]

The party was established in 1955.[1] In the 1957 general elections it received 19.0% of the vote, putting it in second place, but failed to win a seat.[2] In the 1961 elections the party received 47.9% of the vote and three seats, losing by only 336 votes to the ruling People's Political Party, who won nine seats. In the 1966 elections they received 50.9% of the vote, but the PPP won five seats to the Labour Party's four. However, early elections the following year saw the Labour Party increase their vote share to 53.8% and take six of the nine seats.

Despite receiving over 50% of the vote again in 1972, the elections resulted in a tie with both parties winning six seats. The sole independent candidate, James Fitz-Allen Mitchell formed a government with his former party, the PPP, and was appointed Prime Minister. However, a further set of early elections in 1974 saw the Labour Party claim 69.0% of the vote and win ten of the thirteen seats. They remained in power following the 1979 elections, but lost the 1984 elections to the New Democratic Party. In the 1989 elections the NDP won all 15 seats. The Labour Party regained two seats in the 1994 elections, and on 16 October 1994 they merged with the Movement for National Unity to form the Unity Labour Party.[3]

Electoral history[edit]

House of Assembly elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1957 Milton Cato 3,741 19.0%
0 / 8
Steady Extra-parliamentary
1961 11,164 47.9%
3 / 9
Increase 3 Increase 2nd Opposition
1966 13,930 50.9%
4 / 9
Increase 1 Steady 2nd Opposition
1967 14,501 53.8%
6 / 9
Increase 2 Increase 1st Government
1972 16,108 50.4%
6 / 13
Steady Steady 1st Opposition
1974 19,579 69.0%
10 / 13
Increase 4 Steady 1st Government
1979 17,876 54.2%
11 / 13
Increase 1 Steady 1st Government
1984 17,493 41.5
4 / 15
Decrease 7 Decrease 2nd Opposition
1989 Vincent Beache 13,290 30.3%
0 / 15
Decrease 4 Steady 2nd Extra-parliamentary
1994 12,455 26.5%
2 / 15
Increase 2 Increase 2nd Opposition

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p595 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, pp602-604
  3. ^ Unity Labour Party Archived 2011-05-28 at the Wayback Machine Caribbean Elections