Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge

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Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge
Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge (Gard, Fr), l'eglise.JPG
Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge is located in France
Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge
Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge
Coordinates: 44°15′10″N 3°58′37″E / 44.2528°N 3.9769°E / 44.2528; 3.9769Coordinates: 44°15′10″N 3°58′37″E / 44.2528°N 3.9769°E / 44.2528; 3.9769
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées
Department Gard
Arrondissement Alès
Canton La Grand-Combe
Intercommunality Pays Grand'Combien
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jacques Pepin
Area1 19.09 km2 (7.37 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 559
 • Density 29/km2 (76/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 30239 / 30110
Elevation 200–835 m (656–2,740 ft)
(avg. 291 m or 955 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge is a commune in the Gard department in southern France.

Geography[edit]

The commune or Sainte Cécile d'Andorge is sparsely populated. It lies at the extreme north of the department of Gard, forming part of the border with Lozère. Its river, the Andorge here joins the larger Gardon d'Alès (sometimes known as the Long Valley) whose sources lie further up the valley in Lozère. The waters flow through this long cevenol valley through the former mining village of la Grand-Combe and down to the flatter land at Alès.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 600 —    
1821 697 +16.2%
1846 682 −2.2%
1872 994 +45.7%
1901 1,191 +19.8%
1926 926 −22.3%
1946 874 −5.6%
1962 773 −11.6%
1968 620 −19.8%
1975 499 −19.5%
1982 476 −4.6%
1990 483 +1.5%
1999 490 +1.4%
2008 559 +14.1%

Coal[edit]

This was a coal mining area, with important collieries of high-grade coal both in this valley and at Portes. These mines closed in 1973.

Railroads[edit]

There are three notable railways in the commune, one in operation, one under reconstruction and one defunct.

Dams[edit]

The waters of the Gardon d'Alès have been tamed by two dams forming two reservoirs. The first, the Barrage de Camboix, was a hydro-electric scheme designed to supplement the power for the coal mines at Grand-Combe, and the second, the barrage de Sainte Cécile, was designed as a holding reservoir to control the violent 'crue' the area suffers when violent storms in the hills send an uncontrolled surge of water down the river flooding low-lying houses and agricultural land.

Démography[edit]

The area has been depopulating since 1900.

Historical population of Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge
Year 1793 1821 1846 1872 1901 1926 1946 1962 1968 1975
Population 600 697 682 994 1191 926 874 773 620 499
Year 1982 1990 1999 2008
Population 476 483 490 559

History[edit]

The commune of Sainte Cécile d'Andorge has a long history. There are some prehistoric remains to be found such as tumuli and some paintings mainly in the hamlet of Ponchets. The current houses date from the 18th century and have been protected from modern development. They are mostly built from the local stone (schist).

Unusually for a village in the fiercely Protestant Cévennes, Sainte Cecile remained Catholic. During the Guerre des Camisards (1702 - 1705), it was the scene of violent action. On 11 October 1703 the villages of Sainte Cécile d’Andorge and Saint Julien des Points were set alight by Rolland et Jouanny; 800 to 900 Camisard attacked the papist village of Sainte Cécile d’Andorge, enraged by the dévastation of the previous months in the Hautes Cévennes. The residents took refuge in their fortified church but 9 were too slow and were slaughtered. Several days later, Abbé Vidal, curé de Sainte Cécile, lead a revenge attack on the neighbouring reformed parish of Blannaves.[citation needed] The church tower dates from the 13th century.[citation needed]

The railways[edit]

The principal line, part of the PLM Transcévenol, threads its way along the Gardon valley from Alès to Génolhac to Mende, this section of the line was approved in 1861 and opened 5 May 1870, and provided the link between Languedoc, Alès and Issoire and Paris. It hosted three express trains. There is still a twice daily local service. From the station at Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge there is a 1-metre gauge railway to Florac. It is 49 km long.[1] This is known as the TAC. Authorised in 1859, the line was built by the Chemins de Fer Départementaux to bring wooden pit props down to Alés, with some passenger traffic. This amounted to two trains a day. The track is very winding, and climbs to 1024 m to cross the Col de Jalcreste. It closed in 1968. Enthuiasts are restoring it. They run a passenger pulling diesel locomotive on the first section, which includes the Viaduct d'Andorge.[2] Between 1859 and 1867 there was a gravity driven rail line from the mainline at Le Levade, La Grand-Combe to Portes et Sénéchas. This was to serve the mines at La Vernarède. The full wagons descending to the river pulled up the empty wagons by a system of cables. It was the idea of the engineer Paul-Adrien Bourdaloue.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]