Sainte-Foy, Quebec City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sainte-Foy
Districts (French: quartiers)
Boulevard Laurier in Sainte-Foy
Boulevard Laurier in Sainte-Foy
Coat of arms of Sainte-Foy
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
"Fide Et Labore Valebo"  (Latin)
"My worthiness stems from my faith and labour"
Quebec City map illustrating the location of Sainte Foy
Sainte-Foy districts within the Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge borough of Quebec City
Location of the Sainte Foy Districts within Quebec City
Location of the Sainte Foy Districts within Quebec City
Sainte-Foy
Sainte-Foy districts, Québec City
Coordinates: 46°46′53″N 71°17′32″W / 46.78139°N 71.29217°W / 46.78139; -71.29217 (Sainte-Foy)Coordinates: 46°46′53″N 71°17′32″W / 46.78139°N 71.29217°W / 46.78139; -71.29217 (Sainte-Foy)
Country Canada
Province Quebec
City Quebec City
Municipality1855
District of Sainte-Foy–Sillery borough1 January 2002
Districts of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge borough: Cité-Universitaire • Plateau • Saint-Louis • Pointe-de-Sainte-Foy1 November 2009
Government
 • BodyConseil d’arrondissement[1]
Area
 • Total83.87 km2 (32.38 sq mi)
Population
(2006)[1]
 • Total104,890
 • Density1,251/km2 (3,240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)

Sainte-Foy /sntˈfwɑː/ is a former city in central Quebec, Canada alongside the Saint Lawrence River. It was amalgamated into Quebec City, on 1 January 2002.[2] Most of the formerly independent municipality of Sainte-Foy is located in the borough (French: arrondissement) of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge — initially as one of the two constituent districts of the former borough of Sainte-Foy–Sillery. On 1 November 2009, Sainte-Foy was subdivided into four separate districts: Cité-Universitaire, Plateau, Saint-Louis, Pointe-de-Sainte-Foy, when the borough of Sainte-Foy—Sillery—Cap-Rouge was formed.[3]

Sainte-Foy is a major suburban neighbourhood west of downtown Quebec City. It plays a large part in Quebec City's economic life, with the Jean Lesage International Airport, Université Laval, multiple shopping malls, and both bridges to the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2006 Canadian Census:

  • Population: 76,262
  • % Change (2001–2006): +5.1
  • Dwellings: 40,487
  • Number of families: 20,680
  • Area (km²): 83.87 km²
  • Density (persons per km²): 909.3

History[edit]

In 1669, missionary priest Pierre-Joseph-Marie Chaumonot erected a chapel for the Huron, dedicated to Notre-Dame de la Foy. The name means Our Lady of Faith. Sainte-Foy developed around the chapel, first as a small settlement of Christian Indians, added to by traders and merchants.

The Battle of Sainte-Foy on April 28, 1760, sometimes called the Battle of Quebec, was a victory for the French in the Seven Years' War (known in the United States as the French and Indian War for the North American front). Their forces were commanded by Chevalier de Lévis and defeated the British army under James Murray. This battle proved to be much bloodier than the battle of the Plains of Abraham the previous September, with higher total casualties on both sides – 833 French casualties and 1,124 British. It was the last French victory in the Seven Years' War, which the British ultimately won. France ceded its territories in North America east of the Mississippi River to the British.

Sainte-Foy's long-time flamboyant mayor, Andrée Boucher, was defeated when she ran for mayor of the amalgamated Quebec City. She became a radio host. In 2005, she ran again for mayor after Jean-Paul L'Allier retired. This time she won, without hiring an election team or paying for media advertisements, and with making very few public appearances or debates. She has since died since her last political position.

Amalgamation with Quebec City[edit]

On 1 January 2002 the city was merged, along with many other suburbs, with Quebec City with neither a public referendum nor widespread public approval. A vote was finally held on June 20, 2004, giving cities an opportunity to leave the new municipal structure. Only Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures and L'Ancienne-Lorette left. Many believed that a "defusion" would lead only to an eventual and inevitable "refusion". Many people said they were discouraged from voting by the prospect of spending a lot of money undoing what had just been done. In most of the older suburbs not enough votes were cast for the vote to be valid.

Districts[edit]

Cité universitaire – Centered around Université Laval, it has a very large student population. The majority of Saint-Foy's commercial activity is found along Laurier Boulevard, such as Laurier Québec, Place Sainte-Foy and Place de la Cité shopping malls. A number of large hotels and office buildings line the boulevard and this area has become one of the city's major commercial centres.

Saint-Louis – Leafy residential area south of Laurier Boulevard towards the river. Contains the Aquarium du Québec.

Plateau – Sprawling suburban area north of Boulevard Laurier, featuring post-war single storey houses and an abundance of 1960s apartment blocks.

Pointe-de-Sainte-Foy – Recent large residential development, centered on the Campanile shopping street. The neighborhood consists mostly of large modern condo and apartment blocks.

L'Aéroport – Industrial area centered on the Jean Lesage International Airport with many big-box stores. L'Aéroport district's land was initially part of the parish of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette —later the independent city of L'Ancienne-Lorette. L'Aéroport's territory was merged into the formerly independent city of Sainte-Foy's jurisdiction in 1971. However, L'Aéroport became a district of the former borough of Laurentien, in 2002. When Laurentien was dissolved as an administrative entity as part of the 2009 reorganization of Quebec City's boroughs, L'Aéroport became a district of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge.

Economy[edit]

Commercial district

Aeropro has its head office on the grounds of Jean Lesage Airport in Sainte-Foy.[4][5] It conducts business charters and recreational and sightseeing flights[6] Prior to its dissolution, regional airline Air Nova had its Quebec offices in Sainte-Foy.[7]

The VIA Rail station on the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor nearest Quebec City is located at Gare Sainte-Foy.[8] It is roughly three kilometers from the Gare d'Autocar de Ste-Foy,[9] and ten kilometers from Jean Lesage Airport.

The Gare d'Autocar is a regional hub for Orleans Express, Intercar, the Réseau de transport de la Capitale, the Société de transport de Lévis, and several regional government-funded navettes, for example Portneuf.[10]

Major companies operating in the district include PriceWaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young, Microsoft and the headquarters of SSQ Financial Group.

Sainte-Foy is at the northern end of the Quebec Bridge, which links to the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River at Lévis.

Education[edit]

Louis-Jacques Casault Pavillon at Université Laval

Sainte-Foy is also the site of many educational institutions:

Transport[edit]

Sainte-Foy railway station is in the borough.

Air France has a bus service from Sainte-Foy bus station to Montreal Dorval Airport for its customers only.[11]

Recreation[edit]

Sainte-Foy possesses has three ice hockey rinks, one sports center, 33 soccer fields, 2 Interior Pools, 13 exterior pools, three cinemas, one theatre, Laurier Québec, Place de La Cite, and La Pyramide. Sainte-Foy also has excellent representation in all sports: the Governors in hockey, the Caravelles and Arsenal in soccer, and the Musketeers ESCC in basketball.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge — Conseils d'arrondissement — Gouvernance — À propos de la ville". Ville de Québec (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  2. ^ "Sainte-Foy (ancienne municipalité)". La Mémoire du Québec (en ligne) (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  3. ^ "Tous les conseils de quartier — Conseils de quartier — Participation citoyenne — Citoyens". Ville de Québec (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  4. ^ "Contact us." Aeropro. Retrieved on June 26, 2010.
  5. ^ "Plan_QC.doc." Aéropro. Retrieved on June 26, 2010.
  6. ^ "Aéropro." Aéropro. Retrieved on January 26, 2011.
  7. ^ "Our Facilities." Air Nova. August 23, 2000. Retrieved on June 18, 2009.
  8. ^ viarail.ca: "Sainte-Foy train station"
  9. ^ bonjourquebec.com: "Gare d'autocar de Ste-Foy"
  10. ^ transportportneuf.com: "Navettes journalières Portneuf-Québec"
  11. ^ "A new bus service to Quebec City Archived February 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine." Air France. August 16, 2016. Retrieved on October 29, 2016.
  12. ^ Moreault, Éric (March 1, 2014). "Yves Bélanger: de Sainte-Foy à Hollywood". Le Soleil (in French). Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  13. ^ "Bernier Picked for Beijing." The Globe and Mail. April 29, 2006. Retrieved on June 18, 2009.
  14. ^ "Roy lacks class that Canadiens value so highly." ESPN. Tuesday March 25, 2008. Retrieved on June 18, 2009.
  15. ^ Gelston, Par Dan. "Simon Gagné a repris la forme qu'il affichait avant la commotion cérébrale Archived July 6, 2011, at Archive.today." Associated Press at Jminforme.ca. January 16, 2009. Retrieved on June 18, 2009.
  • Modification aux arrondissements (archive Chartrand, Rene (2000). Canadian Military Heritage. Casemate Publishing. ISBN 2-920718-51-7).