Sainte-Mélanie, Quebec

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Rocher Lake, largest lake within the municipality
Rocher Lake, largest lake within the municipality
Location within Joliette RCM.
Location within Joliette RCM.
Sainte-Mélanie is located in Central Quebec
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°08′N 73°31′W / 46.133°N 73.517°W / 46.133; -73.517Coordinates: 46°08′N 73°31′W / 46.133°N 73.517°W / 46.133; -73.517[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Lanaudière
RCM Joliette
Constituted July 1, 1855
 • Mayor Yves Beaulieu
 • Federal riding Joliette
 • Prov. riding Joliette
 • Total 78.30 km2 (30.23 sq mi)
 • Land 75.84 km2 (29.28 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 2,892
 • Density 38.1/km2 (99/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 4.6%
 • Dwellings 1,404
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0K 3A0
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways Route 348

Sainte-Mélanie is a municipality in the Lanaudière region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Joliette Regional County Municipality. It is located along the western shores of the L'Assomption River.


Sainte-Mélanie was formerly part of the territory of the Ailleboust Seignory, granted to Jean d'Ailleboust d'Argenteuil (1694-1785) in 1736. By 1800, Pierre-Louis Panet (1761-1812) was Lord of Ailleboust, whose daughter Charlotte-Mélanie Panet (1794-1872) may have been the source of the name Sainte-Mélanie, also a reference to Melania the Younger (383-439). Charlotte-Mélanie's husband, Marc-Antoine-Louis Lévesque (1782-1833), donated the land in 1814 for a chapel that was eventually built in 1830. The Parish of Sainte-Mélanie was founded in 1832, and four years later in 1836, the post office opened under the name Daillebout.[4]

The municipality officially started in 1845, was soon after abolished, and reestablished in 1855 as Sainte-Mélanie-d'Ailleboust. In 1881, the post office was renamed to Sainte-Mélanie, and more than a century later in 1986, the municipality followed suit by also adopting this shortened name.[4]


Population trend:[5]

  • Population in 2011: 2892 (2006 to 2011 population change: 4.6%)
  • Population in 2006: 2765
  • Population in 2001: 2633
  • Population in 1996: 2474
  • Population in 1991: 2282

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1,221 (total dwellings: 1,404)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.9%
  • French as first language: 97.8%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 1.3%

Notable people from Sainte-Mélanie[edit]

  • Aimé Pelletier (1914-2010), surgeon and well-known Quebec novelist, under the nom de plume of Bertrand Vac. Pelletier, who spent the majority of his professional career in Montreal, is interred with his ancestors at the Sainte-Mélanie cemetery.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reference number 278086 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 61050 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Sainte-Mélanie census profile
  4. ^ a b "Sainte-Mélanie (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ Obituary, Aimé (Bertrand Vac) Pelletier;