Location within La Nouvelle-Beauce RCM.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||April 15, 1978|
|• Mayor||Harold Guay|
|• Federal riding||Beauce|
|• Prov. riding||Beauce-Nord|
|• Total||108.90 km2 (42.05 sq mi)|
|• Land||107.17 km2 (41.38 sq mi)|
|• Density||120.3/km2 (312/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||11.3%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
Sainte-Marie is a city in the province of Quebec (Québec in (in French), also an official language). It is the seat of the Municipalité régionale de la Nouvelle-Beauce, in Chaudière-Appalaches. The population was 12,889 as of the Canada 2011 Census, and was 99.0% French-speaking as of 2006. It is located 59 kilometres (37 mi) south-east of Quebec City, on the Chaudière River.
The seigneurie of Sainte-Marie-de-la-Nouvelle-Beauce was granted to Thomas-Jacques Taschereau in 1736. He chose the name in honour of his wife, Marie-Claire de Fleury de La Gorgendière. The religious parish was founded in 1737 and the municipality in 1845.
The territory of Sainte-Marie was divided on several occasions, as population increased, in order to found neighbouring communities: Saint-Bernard, Saint-Isidore, Saint-Maxime-de-Scott (now Scott), Sainte-Marguerite, Sainte-Hénédine, Saint-Sylvestre, Saint-Elzéar, Saint-Séverin, Saints-Anges, and Vallée-Jonction.
In 1913, the territory was split again, following the detachment of the village (urban part of the territory) from the parish municipality (rural part). In 1958, the village was constituted as a city and in 1959, Sainte-Marie-de-la-Nouvelle-Beauce was renamed as Sainte-Marie. In 1978, the city and the parish municipality governments amalgamated.
Notable natives or residents
- Marius Barbeau, ethnographer
- Elzéar-Henri Juchereau Duchesnay, Canadian politician
- Nycole Turmel, Canadian politician
- Henri-Jules Juchereau Duchesnay, Canadian politician
- Gabriel-Elzéar Taschereau, Quebec politician
- Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, clergyman
- Henri Elzéar Taschereau, lawyer
- Jean-Thomas Taschereau, lawyer
- Joseph-André Taschereau, judge
- Pierre-Elzéar Taschereau, Canadian politician
- Thomas Linière Taschereau, Canadian politician
- Thomas Chabot, ice hockey defenceman for the NHL’s Ottawa Senators
- Commission de toponymie du Québec
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire