Saints Constantine and Helena, Bulgaria

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Saints Constantine and Helena
Св. св. Константин и Елена
Front view to the new seaside of Sts. Constantine and Helena
Front view to the new seaside of Sts. Constantine and Helena
Saints Constantine and Helena is located in Bulgaria
Saints Constantine and Helena
Saints Constantine and Helena
Location of Saints Constantine and Helena
Coordinates: 43°13′45″N 28°0′30″E / 43.22917°N 28.00833°E / 43.22917; 28.00833
CountryBulgaria
Provinces
(Oblast)
Varna
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
9006
Area code052
Websitehttps://stconstantine.bg/

Saints Constantine and Helena (Bulgarian: Св. св. Константин и Елена) is a resort town on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast within a landscaped park 10 km north of downtown Varna, 2 km east of its Vinitsa quarter, and 7 km south of Golden Sands. Bulgaria's oldest Black Sea resort was also known in the past as Druzhba (Дружба) and Varna Resort (Курорт Варна). It is served by the Varna International Airport and bus lines of the Varna public transit system.

Since starting the renewing of the complex in 2017, it becomes one of the most popular resorts in Bulgaria with several landmarks to see.[1]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Landmarks include the 16th-century Eastern Orthodox monastery of Sts. Constantine and Helena, the Euxinograd royal summer palace, park and winery, and the Sofia University Botanical Garden, also known as Ecopark Varna. One of the best-preserved medieval settlements in the country, Kastritzi, also mentioned by the Crusaders in 1444 as Macropolis, was unearthed in archaeological excavations inside Euxinograd. In the mid-14th century, Kastritzi was a bustling port of the Second Bulgarian Empire frequented by Venetian, Genoese, Ragusan, and Byzantine merchant ships. [2]

1905-2007: Establimishment as resort and development[edit]

The construction of a student holiday resort in the Druzhba resort, mid-20th century.

In 1905 the construction of the first sea sanatorium in Bulgaria began - for children with tuberculosis at the initiative of the Bulgarian Queen Eleanor (second wife of Ferdinand I of Bulgaria) and with the active assistance of Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov. The doctor became the manager of the summer sanatorium, which treats scrofulous, lymphatic and anemic children. He was the first in Bulgaria to introduce sea treatment, sun treatment and mud therapy. He uses healing sea mud, which marks the beginning of scientific mud therapy in Bulgaria. The treatment is successful for most of the children as 60 - 65% of them recover completely. Over the next 5 years, the queen and Dr. Stoyanov disagreed over the construction of the new building of the children's sanatorium, which escalated into conflict and caused the doctor to leave his post in 1910. Now in this area is a complex "Sunny Day". It has been declared a private property with limited access, despite the Coastal Act, which guarantees free access of citizens to the beach.

The first holiday home was built in 1908. They are upgrading 2 floors on one of the old monastery buildings with the name Hotel Prague, because of the first foreigners accepted - Czechs. In March 1925, the Municipality of Varna decided to "build holiday resorts in the resort, a port and provide cheap transportation." In the early 1930s, the construction of the first holiday and grape healing station began. It has 140 rooms with sea views. It was opened on September 10, 1933, but closed at the beginning of World War II.

With the establishment of the Balkantourist business enterprise in 1948, contracts were signed to welcome Czech tourists to Bulgaria. New hotels were built: in 1949 - "Beach Hotel №1", later renamed the Hotel "Rose", and in 1951 - Hotel "Odessos". For political reasons, the resort is called "Balkantourist - Dobri Terpeshev", and between 1951 and 1956 was named "Varna". On December 1, 1955, the Council of Ministers issued a decree for the construction of two resorts near Varna: Druzhba and Golden Sands. The construction of the first one started in 1956/57 under the name "Balkantourist", and later it was called Druzhba. In 1956 the hotels "Chaika", "Bor", "Prostor", "Lebed", "Lotos", "Rusalka", "Rubin" and others were built.[3][4][5] The resort's most prestigious five-star Grand Hotel, Varna, was opened on April 22, 1977, being built in just 17 months.

In 1992 The resort returned his old name - Saints Constantine and Helena.[6] In the next few years the resort lost his glory with several hotels being closed because the complex itself becomes morally obsolete.

2017-present: Renovation and new part[edit]

In 2017, as part of the renewing of the complex, the old thermal bath was reformed as Aquahouse Thermal & Beach.[7] Also, a plan for 4 Artificial islands was set by the chief architect of Varna, Victor Buzev from the summer of 2017[8] Year later, Villa Chinka was opened as part of Astor Garden hotels line up in the complex.[9] In 2019 was opened the renewed Center Primoski, having a shops, restaurant and hotel parts.[10]

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Saints Constantine and Helena has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), with mediterranean influences in summer but specially continental influences in autumn-winter.

Climate data for Saints Constantine and Helena (2000–2019)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
22.5
(72.5)
29.5
(85.1)
30.7
(87.3)
34.0
(93.2)
38.0
(100.4)
41.4
(106.5)
38.9
(102.0)
37.2
(99.0)
33.0
(91.4)
27.0
(80.6)
21.2
(70.2)
41.4
(106.5)
Average high °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
7.8
(46.0)
11.5
(52.7)
15.7
(60.3)
21.4
(70.5)
26.2
(79.2)
29.0
(84.2)
29.6
(85.3)
24.7
(76.5)
18.7
(65.7)
13.6
(56.5)
8.2
(46.8)
17.7
(63.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
4.4
(39.9)
7.8
(46.0)
11.7
(53.1)
17.1
(62.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.2
(68.4)
14.8
(58.6)
10.4
(50.7)
5.2
(41.4)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.0
(33.8)
4.0
(39.2)
7.8
(46.0)
12.7
(54.9)
17.2
(63.0)
19.5
(67.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.7
(60.3)
10.9
(51.6)
7.2
(45.0)
2.2
(36.0)
9.8
(49.6)
Record low °C (°F) −19.0
(−2.2)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−13.5
(7.7)
−5.0
(23.0)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41.0)
7.0
(44.6)
6.0
(42.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.7
(18.1)
−10.0
(14.0)
−17.0
(1.4)
−24.3
(−11.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.8
(1.25)
29.9
(1.18)
43.7
(1.72)
57
(2.2)
43.9
(1.73)
57.6
(2.27)
50.7
(2.00)
41.4
(1.63)
44.1
(1.74)
42.6
(1.68)
55.6
(2.19)
42
(1.7)
540.3
(21.27)
Average precipitation days 13.5 11.3 11.9 9.3 6.9 6.2 4.7 3.3 6.5 9.6 8.9 11.5 103.6
Average relative humidity (%) 77.9 75 73.3 73.7 74.8 72.5 69.7 69.4 73.1 77.6 78.1 79 74.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 89.9 102.2 142.6 180.0 248.0 270.0 300.7 299.2 219.0 167.4 105.0 79.1 2,203
Mean daily sunshine hours 2.9 3.7 4.6 6.0 8.0 9.0 9.7 9.7 7.3 5.4 3.5 2.6 6.0
Percent possible sunshine 32 34 38 46 53 60 65 69 61 49 35 29 48
Source 1: weatheronline.co.uk[11]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (sunshine data)[12]

Panorama[edit]

Panorama of the renewed seaside, known previously as Druzhba, part from Sts. Constantine and Helena resort
Panorama of Sts. Constantine and Helena from 2022-05-09

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 15 stunning things to see near St. St. Constantine and Helena, Varna
  2. ^ "Златни перпери под царския дворец" (in Bulgarian). Стандарт. 2006-03-18. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-04-05.
  3. ^ К. к. „Св. св. Константин и Елена“ – история и факти, Николина Милкова, NasamNatam.com.
  4. ^ Св. св. Константин и Елена – Курортът Дружба, Moreto.net.
  5. ^ Курортен комплекс Свети свети Константин и Елена, Guide-Bulgaria.com.
  6. ^ Курортът Св. Св. Константин и Елена празнува 110 години
  7. ^ За Комплекса - Аквахаус
  8. ^ Изграждат 4 изкуствени острова край Варна
  9. ^ Комфорт. Ексклузивен интериор. Класа. Уединение на брега на морето.
  10. ^ Търговски център "Приморски" в Св. Св. Константин и Елена - всичко, от което имате нужда на няколко крачки от плажа.
  11. ^ "Climatological Normals for Saints Constantine and Helena, Bulgaria (1952–2011)". Climatebase. Archived from the original on 15 March 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  12. ^ "Varna, Bulgaria – Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved 4 April 2017.