Sakai Tadakatsu (Shōnai)
Sakai Tadakatsu (酒井 忠勝?, 1594 – November 13, 1647) was a Japanese daimyō of the early Edo period. Tadakatsu and his descendants are linked in the history of the han at Tsuruoka (Shōnai) in Dewa Province.
Sakai clan genealogy
Tadakatsu was part of the senior branch of the Sakai.
The fudai Sakai clan originated in 14th century Mikawa Province. The Sakai claim descent from Minamoto Arichika. Arichika had two sons: one of them, Yasuchika, took the name Matsudaira; and the other son, Chikauji, took the name Sakai—and this samuari ancestor is the progenitor of this clan's name.
In 1578, Sakai Ietsugu (1564–1619) succeeded to his father's role as defender of Yoshida Castle. The Ie- in the beginning of Ietsugu's name was a special honor bestowed by Tokugawa Ieyasu, who intended to emphasize bonds of loyalty with those who were allowed to share in any part of his name.
When Ieaysu's holdings were transferred to the Kantō in 1590, Ietsugi was installed at Usui Domain (30,000 koku) in Kōzuke Province ; in 1604, removed to Takasaki Domain (50,000 koku) in Kōzuke Province ; in 1616, removed to Takata Domain (100,000 koku) in Echigo Province ; in 1619, removed to Matsushiro in Shinano Province; and then, in 1622 through 1868, installed at Tsurugaoka Domain (120,000 koku) in Dewa Province.
The head of this clan line was ennobled as a "Count" in the Meiji period.
Events in Tadakatsu's life
After brief tenures as daimyō of Takada Domain and Matsushiro Domain, Tadakatsu was transferred to the new Shōnai Domain in the summer of 1622. He retired in 1634, yielding his position to his son Sakai Tadamasa.
Tadakatsu died in 1647, at age 53.
- Appert, Georges et al. (1888). Ancien Japon, p. 76.
- Alpert, Georges. (1888). Ancien Japon, pp. 76–77.
- Papinot, Edmond. (2003). Nobiliare du Japon -- Sakai, pp. 50–51; Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; retrieved 2012-11-7.
- Papinot, p. 50.
- Plutschow, Herbert. (1995). "Japan's Name Culture: The Significance of Names in a Religious, Political and Social Context, p.53.
- Appert, Georges and H. Kinoshita. (1888). Ancien Japon. Tokyo: Imprimerie Kokubunsha.
- Papinot, Edmond. (1906) Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du japon. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha...Click link for digitized 1906 Nobiliaire du japon (2003)
- Plutschow, Herbert. (1995). "Japan's Name Culture: The Significance of Names in a Religious, Political and Social Context. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-873410-42-4 (cloth)k
- Asano Gengo 浅野源吾(1976). Shōnai-han shi 庄內藩史. Ed. by Tōhoku Shinkōkai 東北振興会. Tokyo: Tōyō shoin 東洋書院.
|Daimyō of Takada
|Daimyō of Matsushiro
|Daimyō of Shōnai