|Parent house||Nikki clan (Seiwa Genji)|
|Founding year||16th century|
In the Edo period, the Sakakibara were identified as one of the fudai or insider daimyō clans which were hereditary vassals or allies of the Tokugawa clan, in contrast with the tozama or outsider clans. The Sakakibara were one of the four families who enjoyed the privilege of providing a regent during the minority of a Shogun.
Sakakibara clan branches
The fudai Sakakibara clan originated in the 16th century. Their elevation in status dates from 1586.
The family was descended from Nikki Sadanaga of the Seiwa Genji branch of the Minamoto clan. The first to take the name Sakakibara was Sadanaga's son, who resided in Sakakibara in Ise Province. He took the name Sakakibara Toshinaga.
Sakakibara Yasumasa (1548–1606) was an ally of Tokugawa Ieyasu in the Sengoku period. After the Battle of Sekigahara, he was granted a special honor; and the name by which he is known today dates from that time. He was granted the right to use one of Ieyasu's name characters – Yasumasa. Along with Sakai Tadatsugu, Ii Naomasa and Honda Tadakatsu, he was known as one of the "four heavenly kings of the Tokugawa" (Tokugawa shi-tennō). The sobriquet described four men who were each famously known for their loyal support for the Tokugawa clan.
In a last move of the shogunate, the clan was settled in 1741 at Takada Domain (150,000 koku) in Echigo Province. Takada became a Tokugawa power center during the Boshin War; and afterwards, Takada became a detention center for defeated samurai of the Aizu domain.
Notable members of the clan
- Sakakibara Kenkichi, 1830–, kendo
- Alpert, Georges. (1888). Ancien Japon, p. 77, at Google Books
- Rein, Johannes Justus. (1884). Japan: Travels and Researches Undertaken at the Cost of the Prussian Government, p. 322, at Google Books
- Papinot, Jacques. (2003) Nobiliare du Japon – Sakakibara, p. 55; Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon. (in French/German).
- Plutschow, Herbert. (1995). Japan's Name Culture: The Significance of Names in a Religious, Political and Social Context, p. 53, at Google Books – Ieyasu gave him the "Yasu-" in his name.
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric et al. (2005). "Sakakibara Yasumasa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 811, at Google Books
- Iwao, Seiichi. (2002). "Shirakawa-han" in Dictionnaire historique du Japon, Vol. II, p. 2477, at Google Books
- Nussbaum, "Takada" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 931, at Google Books
- Appert, Georges and H. Kinoshita (1888). Ancien Japon. Tokyo: Imprimerie Kokubunsha. OCLC 472114936
- Iwao, Seiichi with Teizō Iyanaga, Susumu Ishii, Shōichirō Yoshida et al. (2002). Dictionnaire historique du Japon Vol. I and Vol. II. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. ISBN 978-2-7068-1632-1; OCLC 51096469
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301
- Papinot, Edmond (1910). Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 5435325
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 604321634
- Plutschow, Herbert (1995). "apan's Name Culture: The Significance of Names in a Religious, Political and Social Context. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-873-41042-4; OCLC 477058896