Sakala County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
county of Ancient Estonia
Location of Sakala
Capital Viljandi
 -  c.1200–1217 Lembitu
 -  Established Enter start date
 -  Disestablished 1224
Today part of  Estonia

Sakala County (Estonian: Sakala, Latin: Saccalia)[1] was an ancient Estonian county [2] first mentioned in print by Henry of Latvia in the beginning of the 13th Century.[3]


Sakala County is situated in north-western Livonia, covering approximately the present territories of Viljandi, the southern half of Pärnu, and a western third of Valga maakond.


Kievan rule of Ugaunia may have lasted until 1061, when, according to Old East Slavic chronicles, the town of Tharbata/Yuryev (Tartu) was burned down by "Sosols", who were probably either Sackalians or the people of Soopoolitse.

After the Livonian Crusade the county became a part of the Livonian Confederation.

In Sackalian folklore, the neighbouring Ugaunians (ugalased) were enemy warriors and robbers. For instance, a folk song from Viljandi (the capital of Sackalia) calls for speeding up the harvest work because Ugaunians might attack.[citation needed]

See also[edit]