Sakena Yacoobi

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Sakena Yacoobi (born Herat, Afghanistan) is the founder and Executive Director of the Afghan Institute of Learning (AIL),[1] an Afghan women-led NGO she founded in 1995. She is well known for her work for the rights of children, women and education.[2][3][4] She has earned international recognition for her work and received numerous awards. This includes the 2013 Opus Prize, 2015 WISE Prize in Education and 2016 Harold W. McGraw, Jr. Prize in Education as well as 6 honorary degrees including from Princeton University.

Sakena Yaccobi with Muhammad Yunus

Afghan Institute of Learning[edit]

The Afghan Institute of Learning was established to provide teacher training to Afghan women, to support education for boys and girls, and to provide health education to women and children.Under Sakena’s leadership AIL has established itself as a groundbreaking, visionary organization which works at the grassroots level and empowers women and communities to find ways to bring education and health services to rural and poor urban girls, women and other poor and disenfranchised Afghans.

AIL was the first organization to offer human rights and leadership training to Afghan women. During the 1990s when the Taliban closed girls' schools AIL supported 80 underground home schools for 3,000 girls. After the defeat of the Taliban AIL was the first organization that opened Learning Centers for Afghan women—a concept now copied by many organizations throughout Afghanistan. In 2015, AIL opened a legal clinic to provide free legal services to poor Afghan women. AIL has been hosting large scale peace conferences around Afghanistan, which use the poetry of the Afghan poet Rumi to teach lessons of justice, human rights, good citizenship and living harmoniously.

Using their grassroots strategies and holistic approach, AIL now serves hundreds of thousands of women and children each year through training programs, Learning Centers, schools and clinics in both Afghanistan and Pakistan. Since 1996, millions of Afghans have benefited from AIL’s education, training and health programs.

Sakena Yacoobi[edit]

Born in Herat, Afghanistan, Sakena came to the United States in the 1970s, earning a bachelor's degree in biological sciences from the University of the Pacific in 1977 [5] and a master's degree in public health from Loma Linda University. Before returning in 1990 to work with her people, Sakena was a professor at D’Etre University and a health consultant. While working with refugees in Pakistan, she published eight Dari-language teacher training guides. During that time, she also served as the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR) delegate working on the education portion of the United Nation’s Rehabilitation Plan for Afghanistan.

Sakena Yacoobi is also co-founder and Vice President of Creating Hope International, a Michigan-based non-profit organization. She is also founder of private enterprises in Afghanistan including, 4 schools, a hospital and Radio Meraj, Herat.


Sakena and AIL have received international recognition for their efforts on behalf of Afghan women and children. In 2001, Sakena was awarded the Bill Graham award from the Rex Foundation in recognition of the efforts of the Afghan Institute of Learning to assist children who are victims of political oppression and human rights violations. AIL and Dr. Yacoobi are co-recipients of the 2003 Peacemakers in Action Award of the Tanenbaum Center for Inter-religious Understanding and the 2004 Women’s Rights Prize of the Peter Gruber Foundation. Sakena and AIL have received recognition of service awards from the Ministry of Education in Herat, Afghanistan, the district governments of Mir Bacha Kot, Shakardara, Kalakan, Farza, and sixth district Kabul Afghanistan and from numerous Afghan organizations. In 2005, Professor Yacoobi was awarded the Democracy Award from the National Endowment for Democracy. Sakena was among the 1,000 women nominated to jointly receive the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize.

In 2006, Sakena received the Citizen Leader Award from the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California and the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship. In January 2007, Sakena was inducted as a Senior Fellow, the first Ashoka Fellow from Afghanistan. In May 2007, Sakena was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws by the University of the Pacific for her leadership and human rights work for women and children. In December 2007, Sakena received the 2007 Gleitsman International Activist Award at Harvard University. In June 2008, Sakena received an honorary Doctor of Humanitarian Service degree from Loma Linda University, recognizing her distinguished contribution to society. In February 2009, Sakena received the 2009 Americans for UNFPA Board of Advocates Award for the Health and Dignity of Women. Sakena was cited by Americans for UNPFA as a tireless advocate for Afghan women, who has increased the literacy and improved the health of thousands of Afghan women and girls despite decades of armed conflict and a ban on girls education during Taliban rule. In March 2009, Sakena received the Henry R. Kravis Prize in Nonprofit Leadership for her outstanding work. In 2010, Sakena received the Jonathan Mann Award for Global Health and Human Rights, and the Asia Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award given by the Schwab Foundation. Yacoobi was one of the 1000 women worldwide who was collectively nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005. She was elected as an Ashoka Fellow in 2006, recognizing her leading work as a social entrepreneur.[6] In 2007, Yacoobi received the Gleitsman International Activist Award from the Center for Public Leadership at Harvard's JFK School of Government.[7]

For web reference: Yacoobi received the Gruber Prize for Women’s Rights in 2004 and the Democracy Award from the National Endowment for Democracy in 2005. AIL has also received a 2006 Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship.[8][9][10] In 2009, she received the Kravis Prize for her work in establishing schools for young girls in Afghanistan.[11] In 2012, she was awarded the Worlds Children's Prize for her work in fighting for the rights of young children to be educated.[12] In 2013, she was awarded the $1 million Opus Prize for unsung heroes.[13][14] In 2015, Yacoobi was awarded the 2015 WISE Prize in Education and in 2016 the Harold W. McGraw, Jr. Prize in Education (International).

In addition to her work with AIL, Sakena has been a panelist, TEDWomen speaker and speaker on education for women and children at a number of international conferences, including the Clinton Global Initiative, California Governor’s Conference on Women and Families, the Central Eurasian Studies Society conference at Harvard University, the One World Forum at Warwick University in England, Association for Women in Development in Bangkok, and the International Institute for Peace Education in South Korea, Turkey, Greece and Costa Rica, the World Economic Forum in Davos, The D.D. Kosimbi Festival of Ideas in Goa, India, The World Justice Forum in The Hague and the UN DIP Conference in Australia, the TEDWomen Conference in Monterey, CA and the Brookings US-Islamic World Forum. She has been instrumental in carrying the voice of Afghan women to the world and focusing attention on the urgent need for women’s rights, education and healthcare in Afghanistan.

Her affiliations include the following:

  • Afghan Institute of Learning, Founder and Executive Director
  • Afghan National Coordinating Body
  • Afghan Women’s Law Group
  • Afghan Women’s Network
  • Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief, Member & Former Steering Committee Member
  • AWID
  • Creating Hope International, Vice President
  • Global Fund for Women, Former Board Member
  • Global Fund for Women Advisor
  • Global Peace Initiative for Women, member of Contemplative Alliance
  • Henry J. Kravis Prize in Leadership, Nomination Advisor
  • The International Museum of Women
  • Millennium Campus Network, Board of Advisors and Co-Chair for the National Conference
  • Monterey Institute of International Studies at Middlebury College, Center for Social Impact Learning Advisory Council Member
  • The Muslims Women’s Fund, member Global Advisory Network,
  • New Global Citizens Board Member
  • The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, Advisor on the Women’s Rights Prize committee
  • Policy Council on Afghan Women, Steering Committee Member
  • Sisterhood Is Global Institute
  • University of the Pacific, Former Global Center Advisory Board member
  • US-Afghan Women’s Council
  • Vital Voices
  • Women’s Refugee Commission, Commissioner
  • World Affairs Council of Northern California
  • Member of 1000 Peace Women Organization

Further reading[edit]

  • Sakena Yacoobi, Women Educating Women in the Afghan Diaspora: Why and How, in Religious Fundamentalisms and the Human Rights of Women (ed. Courtney W. Howland), Palgrave MacMillan (2001), ISBN 0-312-29306-2


  1. ^ "Afghan Institute of Learning". Afghan Institute of Learning. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Maham Javaid. "Tweeters Pipe Up on Forum for Women's Business - Womens eNews". Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  3. ^ The Christian Science Monitor. "In Afghanistan, teaching men that education is not a threat". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Afghan Social Innovator, Dr. Sakena Yacoobi, to speak at MIIS". The Women's International Perspective. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Lecture: Dr. Sakena Yacoobi". University of the Pacific. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "Profile, Ashoka Fellows". Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  7. ^ "Center for Public Leadership - Harvard Kennedy School". Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Sakena Yacoobi Honored with Largest International Women's Rights Prize, Global Fund for Women". 2004-10-11. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  9. ^ National Endowment for Democracy Honors Three Afghan Activists
  10. ^ Recipients of 2006 Skoll Awards for Social Entrepreneurship Archived October 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.‹The template Wayback is being considered for merging.› 
  11. ^ "Sakena Yacoobi at Princeton and in the Huff Post". Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "World's Children's Prize - Sakena Yacoobi". Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "The Opus Prize - 2013 Prize Winner". Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Sakena Yacoobi Wins Opus Prize, $1,000,000, For Founding The Afghan Institute Of Learning (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 

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