Syed Ahmad Sultan

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Syed Ahmad Sultan
سلطان سخی سرور
Lakh Data (Sakhi Sarwar) Shrine Jalandhar District.JPG
The shrine of Syed Ahmad Sultan in Sakhi Sarwar, Pakistan
Born 12th century
Died Sakhi Sarwar, modern-day Pakistan
Venerated in Sufism, Sikhism, Punjabi folk religion
Major shrine Tomb of Syed Ahmad Sultan
Sakhi Sarwar (Lakhdata) Kapurthala
Annual Urs celebrations at the shrine of Hazrat syed Zain ul Abideen, sultan sarwar
A shrine to the saint in Jalandhar

Hazrat Syed Ahmad Sultan, popularly known as Sakhi Sarwar, was a 12th-century Sufi saint of the Punjab region.[1] He is also known by various other appellations such as Sultan (king), Lakhdata (bestower of millions), Lalanvala (master of rubies), Nigahia Pir (the saint of Nigaha) and Rohianvala (lord of the forests). His followers are known as Sultanias or Sarwarias.[2]

Birth[edit]

Sakhi Sarwar the Great Sufi Saints Born on 1130 OR 11 Century,his father Name Jain ul Abdin and mother Name is Ayesha.Sakhi Sarwar's Has One Brother name Khan DhohDha.

Life[edit]

When Sakhi SArwar's Father Syed Janel Abidin, along with his wife and survivors, left Baghdad Sharif in the year 1126, leaving Baghdad Sharif in Shahkot, near Multan in India. After some time, Amina was killed and her two-year year-old son Ayerahan of Shahkot There were two daughters, of whom Ayesha was married to Sayyad Janel Abidin according to the 5th 20th Hijri, and according to the five sons of Ayesha, according to the 5th Chauvi Hijrī, 1130 is the birth of Sayyad Ahmad. After two years Abdul Ghani Khan Dhaohadha was born. All this family worked as farmer in Shahkot. In addition to doing work in Pir Peg's work as well as working with them, the people of the time, and married with the elderly and worshiped them, these two brothers, Pir Lakh donor Seeing the great popularity of Jee and Khan, the four Bhai Deshpande made a vow to kill them. An intra-gifted giver gave to each of his brothers and his family, including his four elder friends, from Multan 60 KOs sohalemana mountain in the distance on the uninhabited area at the time received martyrdom in the years 1181.on Baghdad where he was blessed with the gift of khilafat by three illustrious saints: Gawth-ul-Azam, Shaikh Shahab-ud-Din Suhrawardi and Khwaja Maudood Chishti.[1]

Shrines[edit]

Nigaha[edit]

The saint selected the town of Nigaha this place as his abode. It is known as the ‘last place’ because of the hostile geographical and climatic condition. According to Rose (1970), the buildings of the shrine consist of Sakhi Sarwar’s tomb on the west and a shrine associated with Guru Nanak Dev Ji on the north-west. On the east is an apartment containing the stool and spinning wheel of Mai Aeshan, Sakhi Sarwar’s mother. Near there is a Thakurdwara, and in another apartment is an image of Bhairon.[1]

Within the enclosures of the shrine are the tombs of Sakhi Sarwar, his wife, known as Bibi Bai, and of the jinn whom he had held in his power and who brought many miracles for him.[2]

Near the shrine at Nigaha there are two other holy spots called Chom and Moza, both associated with Murtaza, the son in law of Sakhi Sarwar. At Chom, an impression of the former`s hand was said to have been imprinted when he prevented a mountain from collapsing over the cave in which he had taken shelter.[2]

To the west of the outhouses and within the shrine enclosure are two dead trees said to have sprung from the pegs which were used for the head and heel ropes of Kaki, the saint’s mare.[1]

Other places[edit]

Shrines are situated at Dhaunkal in Wazirabad district, and also in Peshawar and Lahore.[1]

There are numerous shrines in Indian Punjab where they are known as Nigaha. At some places Sakhi Sarwar is worshiped along with Gugga and their common shrines along with other deities are known as Panj Pirs or Nigahas.[1]

The shrine of Baba Lakhdata at district Una in Himachal Pradesh is known as chotta (minor/small) Nigaha where a large fair is organised every year.[3]

Worship[edit]

His followers who visit the Pir’s shrine at Nigaha are known as sang who refer to each other as bharais. The drumbeating bards who act as professional guides and priests at local shrines are called pirkhanas. Members of a sang address each other as pirbhaior and pirbahin (brother or sister in faith respectively).[2]

Their halting points on the routes are known as chaukis (posts) where the pilgrims traditionally slept on the ground. Devotees unable to undertake the pilgrimage to Nigaha would attend at least one of the chaukis. If they could not, they went to any other village on the route for a night. Those who could not go anywhere at all slept on the ground at home for at least one night in a year.[2]

This ritual of sleeping on the ground instead of on a cot is called chauki bharna.[2]

Fairs[edit]

Various fairs are held in the Punjab region. The shrine at Nigaha holds a week-long Baisakhi fair in the month of April.[4] Fairs are also held at Dhaunkal in Gujranwala district during June/July, at Jhanda Mela (fair of the flag) at Peshawar, and Qadamon ka Mela (fair of the feet) at Lahore.[1]

A common ritual which is traditionally observed is to offer a raut, (a huge loaf prepared from 18 kilograms of wheat flour sweetened with jaggery weighing half that quantity) once a year on a Friday.[2]

The raut is traditionally prepared by a Bharai, who took one fourth of the rotas offering, the remaining being consumed by the donor family and distributed among fellow Sultanias (followers of Sakhi Sarwar).[2]

A famous fair known as "Chaunkian da Mela" is held in Mukandpur [5] to commemorate Sakhi Sarwar's visit Balachaur, starting his journey from Rattewal and reaching Mukandpur where he stayed here for nine days. Since then this fair is held in Mukandpur and lasts for nine days. A "Saang" starts from Rattewal and reaches Mukandpur. The leader of the "Saang" holds a flag which is called a "Togh".

See also[edit]

Sakhi Sarwar

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Folk Religion Change and Continuity by H S Bhatti Rawat Publications ISBN 81-7033-608-2
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "SAKHI SARWAR - Muslims rulers and Sufi saints". thesikhencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  3. ^ Replicating Memory, Creating Images: Pirs and Dargahs in Popular Art and Media of Contemporary East Punjab "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
  4. ^ "Sakhi Sarwar: The shrine on the mountain - Multimedia - DAWN.COM". dawn.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  5. ^ "Fair and Festivals". nawanshahr.nic.in.