Sakib

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Coordinates: 32°17′7.61″N 35°48′40.59″E / 32.2854472°N 35.8112750°E / 32.2854472; 35.8112750

Sakib
ساكب
City
Sakib is located in Jordan
Sakib
Sakib
Coordinates: 32°17′7.61″N 35°48′40.59″E / 32.2854472°N 35.8112750°E / 32.2854472; 35.8112750
Country  Jordan
Governorate Jerash Governorate
Founded 5th century CE
Area
 • City 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
 • Metro 16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation 900-1,200 m (2,952-3,937 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
 • City 11,586
Time zone GMT +2
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Postal code 26710
Area code(s) +962(2)

Sakib (/sækɪb/ (About this sound listen); Arabic: ساكبpronounced [saːkb]), is a city in northwestern Jordan, administratively part of Jerash Governorate. The 2015 census recorded its population as 11,586.[1] The town is situated approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) west of the city of Jerash and 34 miles (55 km) from Amman city centre.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Sakib was known as "Seecip" during the Crusade.[3] The Arabic place-name means "flowing water"

History[edit]

Roman and Byzantine periods[edit]

Archaeological remains such as Trapetum olive presses and ancient aqueducts indicate that Sakib was inhabited during the Roman era. In 2008, archaeologists have found a cemetery dating back to the Byzantine period, and It is considered to have a notable historical value.[4]

Early Islamic era[edit]

During the time of the Umayyad Empire, A hamlet and a mosque were built in the southwestern part of the town.

Crusader rule[edit]

Sakib (Seecip) was acquired by the Crusaders in 1100.[5] Later, it became the eastern border of the Kingdom of Jerusalem with the Seljuk Empire.[6][7] In the year 1120, a garrison of forty men stationed in Jerash by Zahir ad-Din Toghtekin, atabeg of Damascus converted the Temple of Artemis into a fortress. It was captured in 1121 by Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem, and demolished.[8][9] Then, the Crusaders immediately abandoned Jerash, and withdrew to Sakib; the eastern border of the settlement.[6][10]

Ottoman period[edit]

Sakib, like the rest of the Levant, was incorporated into the Ottoman State in 1517, and in the census of 1538, it was located in the nahiyah (subdistrict) of Ajlun of the liwa (district) of Ajlun. It had a population of 13 Muslim households and 1 mosque's imam.[11] The census from 1596 indicates that Sakib had a population of 12 households, all Muslim.[12]

In 1868, the missionary Frederick Augustus Klein visited the region, and illustrated that it is beautiful and there are twenty inhabited villages in the district including Sakib. He also added there was one Greek priest to look to the spiritual affairs of the Christian families in the district.[13]

In April 14, 1882, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale and his brother Prince George of Wales (later King George V) visited the area, and they said: "Next we passed Sakib village at 9.10, and entered the Wady Hamur (roebuck) at 9.30 ; long stretches of corn were growing at the bottom, and the cliffs were wooded at the side with pines and oaks intermixed. A most enjoyable English-like morning as we ride along by the stream which goes gurgling over its pebble bed down the valley ; we cross it ever and anon, and dip in and out of the copses which cling to the hill-side and remind some of us much of Wales, and others of Scotland.[14]"

The English soldier Claude Reignier Conder was enabled to visit the country north of Amman as far as Jerash in April, 1882, when he attended Prince Albert Victor and Prince George of Wales on their visit to the country beyond Jordan.[15] He said: "And by Sakib, on its cliff down which a stream falls in a long cascade, we gain the beautiful glens which run down from the rugged Ajlun to the green valley of Jordan. With exception of the woods of Tabor (now sadly thinned), the copses of Carmel, the oaks of Harosheth, and the groves of Banias, there is nothing in western Palestine which can at all compare with the beauty of the ravines of Gilead between Wady Hesban on the south and the Hairomax on the north. Beside clear mountain brooks the horseman wanders through glades of oak and terebinth, with dark pines above. The valleys green with corn, the streams fringed with oleander, the magnificent screens of yellow, green, and russet foliage, which cover the steep slopes, present a scene of quiet beauty, of chequered light and shade.[16]"

Geography[edit]

Sakib is situated on the East Bank Plateau. Originally, the city had been built on Mountains. Sakib's terrain is typified by its mountains, and the area's elevation ranges from 900 to 1,200 m.[17] Jerash is located to the east, Irbid io the north, Zarqa to the southeast and the capital Amman is to Sakib's south.

City Distance km (mi) Site
Jerash 10 (6) East
Irbid 37 (23) North
Zarqa 54 (33) Southeast
Amman 55 (34) South

Climate[edit]

Sakib has a Mediterranean climate; cool winter and warm to hot summer. The average annual rainfall is about 422 mm (16.6 inches) per year. Its average annual temperature is 23.5 °C (74.3 °F) during the day and 13 °C (55.4 °F) at night.[18] Snow falls once or twice a year.

Climate data for Sakib
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
27.0
(80.6)
30.0
(86)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
30.0
(86)
27.0
(80.6)
21.0
(69.8)
15.0
(59)
24
(74.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.0
(42.8)
8.0
(46.4)
11.0
(51.8)
15.0
(59)
18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
19.0
(66.2)
16.00
(60.8)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
13
(55.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79.0
(3.11)
95.0
(3.74)
69.0
(2.717)
18.0
(0.709)
24.0
(0.945)
1.0
(0.039)
2.0
(0.079)
0
(0)
1.0
(0.039)
20.0
(0.787)
42.0
(1.654)
71.0
(2.795)
422
(16.614)
Average precipitation days 12 10 8 5 2 0 0 0 1 4 6 9 57
Source: World Weather Online

Fauna and flora[edit]

The entire forest reserves in the region extends over an area of 60 km2. The forest is a home to many endemic Mammals, including the Wild boar, the Jackal, the Red fox, the Persian squirrel and the Hedgehog. The notable birds are the Eurasian hoopoe, the Common blackbird, the Bee-eater, the Jay, the Tit, the Goldfinch, the Nightingale and the Roller.

The most common plants present in the area are Oak, Aleppo pine, Greek strawberry tree, Tabor oak (national tree), Mediterranean cypress, Carob, Terebinth and Cedar.[19] The ground flora includes numerous kinds of species such as Windflower, Black iris (national flower), Oxeye daisy, Orchids, Clover, Ragged-Robin, Tagetes, Cyclamen and Tulip.

Population[edit]

Population of Sakib
Year Population
1538 13 households
1596 12 households
1922 800
1994 8237
2004 10233
2015 11586[1]

The population of Sakib at the 2015 census was 11,586.[1]

Education[edit]

There are ten governmental schools for all educational stages. There are also some private schools.

Nearby universities include Jerash University (14 km), Philadelphia University (26 km), Yarmouk University (35 km), Jordan University of Science and Technology (36 km), and The University of Jordan (50 km).

Income and economy[edit]

The townspeople are mostly knowledge workers (doctors, academics, engineers, teachers, military officers, diplomats, bankers, etc). Trade and tourism are also aspects in the town's economy.

Cultural events and festivals[edit]

Sakib hosts a number of successful annual cultural events. In addition, Sakib International Culture & Art Festival is an annual festival held in the town. Several Jordanian/foreign poets and formative artists participate. The festival features poetry, literature and scientific sessions, as well as plein air painting.

Sport[edit]

The town has a handball team that takes part in the national competitions. It also has some sport facilities such as gyms and five-a-side football pitches.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "The General Census of Population and Housing result 2015" (PDF). Department of Population Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 January 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Sakib, Jordan - List of All Places". placebeam.com. Retrieved 2017-05-11. 
  3. ^ Kareem 2000, p. 8.
  4. ^ Abu Abila 2008, p. 1-10.
  5. ^ Tibble, Steven (1989). Monarchy and lordships in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1291. Oxford: Clarendon. ISBN 0198227310.  p. 156
  6. ^ a b Brooker, Colin H.; Knauf, Ernst Axel (1988). "Review of Crusader Institutions". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins (1953-). 104: 187. JSTOR 27931345. 
  7. ^ Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1967). The Knights of St. John in Jerusalem and Cyprus, c. 1050–1310. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-15241-4. ISBN 978-1-4039-0615-1.  p. 482 (Map 2)
  8. ^ Boulanger, Robert (1965). The Middle East: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Iran. Paris: Hachette. pp. 541, 542. 
  9. ^ Heath, Ian (1980). A wargamers' guide to the Crusades. p. 133. 
  10. ^ Schryver, James G (2010). Studies in the archaeology of the medieval Mediterranean. Leiden [Netherlands]; Boston: Brill. pp. 86. ISBN 9789004181755. 
  11. ^ Bakhit & Hamud 1989, p. 83.
  12. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter & Abdulfattah, Kamal 1977, p. 164.
  13. ^ Klein 1869, p. 94.
  14. ^ Albert Victor, Prince Duke of Clarence and Avondale; George, King of Great Britain; John Neale Dalton 1886, p. 655.
  15. ^ Conder 1885, p. 178.
  16. ^ Conder 1885, p. 192-193.
  17. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  18. ^ "Sakib Weather Forecast". WorldWeatherOnline.com. Retrieved 2018-01-11. 
  19. ^ AL-Eisawi, Dawud. "Conservation of Natural Ecosystems in Jordan" (PDF). 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Sakib at Wikimedia Commons