Sakon Nakhon Province

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Sakon Nakhon
สกลนคร
Province
Official seal of Sakon Nakhon
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Sakon Nakhon Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Sakon Nakhon Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Sakon Nakhon
Government
 • Governor Boonsong Techamanisatit (since October 2012)
Area
 • Total 9,605.8 km2 (3,708.8 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 19th
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,138,609[1]
 • Rank Ranked 17th
 • Density rank Ranked 43rd
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.705 (medium) (62nd)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 042
ISO 3166 code TH-47
Vehicle registration สกลนคร

Sakon Nakhon (Thai: สกลนคร) is one of the northeastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nong Khai, Bueng Kan, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan, Kalasin, and Udon Thani. The capital is Sakon Nakhon.

Etymology[edit]

The word sakon originates from the Sanskrit word sakala (Devanagari: सकल) meaning "entire", "whole", or "total", and the word nakhon from Sanskrit nagara (Devanagari: नगर) meaning "town" or "city". Hence the name of the province literally means "city of cities". In the Khmer language the province would be Sakor Nokor.

Geography[edit]

Sakon Nakhon City Gate

The province is on the Khorat Plateau, not far from the River Mekong. The Nong Han lake, the biggest natural lake of northeast Thailand, near the city of Sakon Nakhon, is a popular resort of the local people. The Phu Phan Mountains delimit the province to the south.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sakon Nakhon (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
31.3
(88.3)
33.7
(92.7)
35.1
(95.2)
33.5
(92.3)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.1
(88)
30.3
(86.5)
28.6
(83.5)
35.1
(95.2)
Record low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
19.0
(66.2)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
24.9
(76.8)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
22.6
(72.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.1
(61)
16.1
(61)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.7
(0.185)
29.3
(1.154)
57.5
(2.264)
93.3
(3.673)
227.6
(8.961)
266.8
(10.504)
288.7
(11.366)
357.9
(14.091)
224.8
(8.85)
76.9
(3.028)
11.9
(0.469)
5.6
(0.22)
1,645
(64.765)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1 3 5 9 18 21 20 23 18 8 2 1 129
Average relative humidity (%) 67 65 63 66 76 80 82 84 83 76 70 68 73.3
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)


Phra That Choeng Chum

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows the Phrathat Choeng Chum, a Lao-style chedi built during the Ayutthaya period over a Khmer-style prang.

The provincial tree is the banaba or Queen's Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia speciosa).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe

The province is divided into 18 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 125 communes (tambon) and 1,323 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Sakon Nakhon
  2. Kusuman
  3. Kut Bak
  4. Phanna Nikhom
  5. Phang Khon
  6. Waritchaphum
  7. Nikhom Nam Un
  8. Wanon Niwat
  9. Kham Ta Kla
  1. Ban Muang
  2. Akat Amnuai
  3. Sawang Daen Din
  4. Song Dao
  5. Tao Ngoi
  6. Khok Si Suphan
  7. Charoen Sin
  8. Phon Na Kaeo
  9. Phu Phan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°9′15″N 104°8′10″E / 17.15417°N 104.13611°E / 17.15417; 104.13611