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A salad dressing is a sauce for salads. Used on virtually all leafy salads, dressings may also be used in making salads of beans (such as Three bean salad), noodle or pasta salads and antipasti, and forms of potato salad.
In Western culture, there are two basic types of salad dressing:
- Vinaigrettes based on a mixture (emulsion) of olive or salad oil and vinegar, and variously flavored with herbs, spices, salt, pepper, sugar, and other ingredients such as poppy seeds or ground Parmesan cheese.
- Creamy dressings, usually based on mayonnaise or fermented milk products, such as yogurt, sour cream (crème fraîche, smetana), or buttermilk.
In the United States, buttermilk-based ranch dressing is the most popular, with vinaigrettes and Caesar-style dressing, historically enriched with a raw egg, rarely present in any form in prepared dressings, following close behind.
Some salad dressings include: