|Municipality||Zarasai District Municipality|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The settlement of Salakas was first mentioned in written sources in 1496 when a local noble gifted some land with three serfs to the parish church in Salakas and in 1497 when Wojciech Tabor, Bishop of Vilnius, gifted some land to a governor of Salakas.
In 1554 the town is mentioned as one of the towns on the main trade route from Vilnius to Riga. Because of this Salakas developed as a trading town. Around 1720, a monastery of the Canons Regular of the Penitence of the Blessed Martyrs was built, a wooden church was attached in 1740. After the failed Uprising of 1831, the monastery was closed by the Tsarist authorities in 1832.
Beginning in the early 19th century, there was a significant Jewish population in Salakas because of its status as a trading town. The percentage of Jewish inhabitants ranged from thirty percent to above fifty percent. At the end of August 1941, about 150 Jews from the town – men, women and children – were murdered during the Holocaust in the nearby forest of Sungardai.