Salakas

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Salakas
Town
Salako Švč. Mergelės Marijos Sopulingosios bažnyčia.jpg
Coat of arms of Salakas
Coat of arms
Salakas is located in Lithuania
Salakas
Salakas
Coordinates: 55°34′40″N 26°08′00″E / 55.57778°N 26.13333°E / 55.57778; 26.13333Coordinates: 55°34′40″N 26°08′00″E / 55.57778°N 26.13333°E / 55.57778; 26.13333
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyUtena County
MunicipalityZarasai
Population
 (2011)
 • Total519
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Salakas (Polish: Sołoki) is a town in northeastern Lithuania with a population of 519 inhabitants in 2011.[1] It is famous for the neo-romantic church of Lady of Sorrows. It was built in 1911.

History[edit]

The settlement of Salakas appeared in IX–XII AD. It was first mentioned in 1422 by Henryk Łowmiański[2] in his survey of Lithuania.

In 1554 the town is mentioned as one of the towns on the route from Vilnius to Riga. Because of this Salakas was an important hub for the region.

The first church in Salakas was built in 1496. A parish was founded at the same time. Around 1720 a monastery was also built, a wooden church was attached in 1740. The monastery was decommissioned in 1832.

Beginning in the early 19th century there has been a significant Jewish population in Salakas because of its status as a trading town, the percentage of Jewish inhabitants ranged from thirty percent to above fifty percent.

After the Polish–Lithuanian War the border was placed several kilometres from Salakas. This meant that the stream of trade going through the town dried up.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 census". Statistikos Departamentas (Lithuania). Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Salakas » Salako istorija". www.salakas.lt. Retrieved 2016-04-06.