Salakta

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SUSSE

سلقطة
Town
Salakta.
Salakta.
Nickname(s): 
Sullecthum
SUSSE is located in Tunisia
SUSSE
SUSSE
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°24′N 11°03′E / 35.400°N 11.050°E / 35.400; 11.050
CountryFlag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
GovernorateMahdia Governorate
Population
(2004)
 • Total3,477
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)

Salakta is a small Tunisian village situated by the sea. The name is derived from Latin Selectum, meaning the selected place.[1]

Salakta has been occupied or ruled by many civilisations, including the Phoenicians, Byzantines, Romans, and Muslim Oubéidines.[clarification needed] The attractions include a beach, catacombs, an ancient cemetery and a museum. It is in Salakta that the mosaics "Lion" (with huge proportions, and which is displayed in the Bardo National Museum) was found.

Though not an established name in Tunisian tourism, Salakta is nevertheless one of the oldest historical sites in the country. Most of this is now under sea, unfortunately. Its population swells from few hundreds to few thousands in summer when most of its people come back from Europe or from other Tunisian regions in order to spend summer.

Description

Salakta is a village in the Sahel, Tunisia located five kilometers from Ksour Essef. (35°24'N, 11°03'E) Its name is derived from the Latin Sullecthum ( "blessed place" ) because of the beauty of its beach .

The village is attached to the delegation of Ksour Essef in the Mahdia Governorate, it had a population of 3,477 in 2004.[2]

History

Roman Ruins at Salakta

The town was a port[3] exporting wheat, and later of olive oils, and wines The fishing port was successively occupied by the Phoenicians , the Byzantines , the Romans and then the Arabs. The village was a privileged place for the Byzantines under Justinian who used it as a strategic point for their conquests. Belisarius's invasion of Africa began during the Vandalic War in 533, not far from Salakta on the Caput Vada.

During the Second World War, both the French Army and the German Afrika Korps maintained a military base here.

Archaeological remains

Archaeological Museum of Salakta

Salakta is one of the oldest historical sites in the country. It features a small museum set within the site of the ancient site. However, the majority of the latter is under the sea.

One of the main mosaics of the Bardo National Museum, representing an African lion, was discovered in Salakta in 1958.[4] In Roman times, Salakta was an important commercial port under the name of Syllectum or Sullectum. One of the offices of the Place des Corporations in Ostia bears the name of the naviculars[clarification needed] of Syllectum, and oil amphorae with the original mark A SYLL have been found in Ostia and Salakta, Archaeological evidence of a trade of active oil between Salakta and Rome. [5]

Tourism

The beaches, the catacombs, an ancient cemetery, as well as the archaeological museum founded in 1980, are worth visiting. The museum shows excavation finds from the surrounding area, in particular terracotta as well as a large mosaic of a Berberlöwen. The mosaic has a height of about 3 meters and dates from the 3rd century. There are necropolises of the megalithic culture in the surroundings.

Although Salakta is not particularly important for tourism from abroad, it is still one of the oldest historical sites in the country. Most of the ancient settlement is now below the sea level. The population of Salakta developed not least due to the tourism and attractiveness of the beaches of few hundred people to several thousand today.

Bishopric

Sullectum was the seat of a bishopric during the Roman Empire[6] but this moved to near modern Mahdia in the Middle Ages.[7] The ancient bishopric was re-established in name in the 20th century as a titular bishopric, with the current bishop being Ulrich Boom of Würzburg. [8][9]

References

  1. ^ Salakta at planetware.com.
  2. ^ 2004 Census (National Institute of Statistics) .
  3. ^ Peter Garnsey, Keith Hopkins, C. R. Whittaker, Trade in the Ancient Economy (University of California Press, 1983) p149.
  4. ^ African Antiquities, vol. 38–39, ed. National Center for Scientific Research, Paris, 2002, p. 13.
  5. ^ Mireille Cébeillac-Gervasoni, Maria Letizia Caldelli and Fausto Zevi, Latin Epigraphy, ed. Armand Colin, Paris, 2006, (ISBN 2200217749), pp. 229 and 257.
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 961
  7. ^ J.P. Mesnage, L'Afrique chrétienne, Paris 1912, p. 114
  8. ^ Apostolische succession – Titularsitze
  9. ^ Salakta at gcatholic.org

Coordinates: 35°24′N 11°03′E / 35.400°N 11.050°E / 35.400; 11.050