Salamina, Caldas

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Salamina (Caldas)
Municipality and town
Atardecer salamina.JPG
Flag of Salamina (Caldas)
Flag
Official seal of Salamina (Caldas)
Seal
Nickname(s): City of Light
Location of the municipality and town of Salamina, in the Caldas Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Salamina, in the Caldas Department of Colombia.
Salamina (Caldas) is located in Colombia
Salamina (Caldas)
Salamina (Caldas)
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 5°24′29.99″N 75°29′24″W / 5.4083306°N 75.49000°W / 5.4083306; -75.49000
Country  Colombia
Department Caldas Department
Founded 1825
Area
 • Municipality and town 403.54 km2 (155.81 sq mi)
Elevation 1,822 m (5,978 ft)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Municipality and town 18,704
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Urban 10,933
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website http://www.salamina-caldas.gov.co/

Salamina is a town and municipality in the colombian department of Caldas. It is located north of the department and has a township called San Felix. It was declared a national monument and historic heritage of mankind.

Main Park in Salamina

Salamina was founded in 1825 by Fermin Lopez, Juan de Dios Arantzazu, Francisco Marulanda and others. Salamina is known as the "city of light" because there Caldas has produced many poets, musicians, actors and writers. It is also known as "Mother of Nations" because it was one of the centers from where the founders and first settlers of Neira, Aranzazu, Manizales, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Pereira, Armenia, among others parted. It was elevated to a municipality in 1861.

It has a population of about 20,000 inhabitants, an area of 40,354 hectares and an average temperature of 22°C. Its economy is based on coffee and raise livestock and dairy.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 5°24′30″N 75°29′24″W / 5.40833°N 75.49°W / 5.40833; -75.49