Salamis is a genus of nymphalid butterflies. They are commonly known as mother-of-pearls and are found in Africa. Salamis was a nymph in Greek mythology, the daughter of the river god Asopus and Metope, daughter of the Ladon, another river god.
Protogoniomorpha was viewed as part of Salamis by Ackery et al. (1995), but Wahlberg et al. (2005) showed that it is a distinct genus, and that one of its former species (Salamis cytora or Protogoniomorpha cytora and possibly also the similar Salamis temora or Protogoniomorpha temora belongs in Junonia.
- Salamis anteva (Ward, 1870)
- Salamis augustina Boisduval, 1833
- Salamis cacta (Fabricius, 1793) – lilac mother-of-pearl or lilac beauty
- Salamis humbloti Turlin, 1994
- "Salamis Boisduval, 1833" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms