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Salangichthys microdon.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification

Bleeker, 1860
S. microdon
Binomial name
Salangichthys microdon
(Bleeker, 1860)

Salangichthys microdon, the Japanese icefish, is a species of icefish found in Japan, Korea and the Russian Far East. With the recent removal of S. ishikawae to the genus Neosalangichthys[1] this species is the only remaining member of the genus Salangichthys. This species grows to a total length of 10 cm (3.9 in).[2] Despite its small size, it is considered a food fish and caught in commercial fisheries.[3][4]

S. microdon may show both migratory (anadromous; adults in salt water but moving to fresh water to breed) and non-migratory (always in brackish or fresh water) life histories, with both types periodically occurring together.[5][6]


  1. ^ Fu, C.; Guo, L.; Xia, R.; Li, J.; Lei, G. (2012). "A multilocus phylogeny of Asian noodlefishes Salangidae (Teleostei: Osmeriformes) with a revised classification of the family". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (3): 848–855. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.11.031. PMID 22178366.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Salangichthys microdon" in FishBase. February 2019 version.
  3. ^ Senta, T., I. Kinoshita, and T. Kitamura (1986). Larval Ishikawa Icefish, Salangichthys ishikawae from Surf Zones of Central Honshu, Japan. Bull. Fac. Fish. Nagasaki Univ. 59: 29–35.
  4. ^ Saruwatari, T., and M. Okiyama (1992). Life History of Shirauo Salangichthys microdon; Salangidae in a Brackish Lake, Lake Hinuma, Japan. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 58(2): 235-248. doi:10.2331/suisan.58.235
  5. ^ Arai, T.; Hayano, H.; Asami, H.; Miyazaki, N. (2003). "Coexistence of anadromous and lacustrine life histories of the shirauo, Salangichthys microdon". Fisheries Oceanography. 12 (2): 134–139. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2419.2003.00226.x.
  6. ^ Yamaguchi, M.; Katayama, S.; Omori, M. (2004). "Migration pattern of shirauo Salangichthys microdon Bleeker, in the Ishikari River system and adjacent nearshore sea area, Japan, as estimated by otolith microchemistry analysis". Fisheries Science. 70 (4): 546–552. doi:10.1111/j.1444-2906.2004.00839.x.