Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.
|Motto: Çrir Astu Swasti Prajabhyah (Be happy, all the People)|
|Founded||24 July 750|
|Incorporated||1 July 1917|
|• Total||56.781 km2 (21.923 sq mi)|
|Elevation||450 - 825 m (−2,257 ft)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
|Area code(s)||+62 298|
Salatiga is a city in Central Java, Indonesia and located between the cities of Semarang and Surakarta. It sits at the foot of Mount Merbabu (3,142 m) and Mount Telomoyo, and has a relatively cool climate due to its elevated position.
Origin of name
Salatiga is thought to be named either after the goddess of Trisala, or after the three wrongs done to the first king of Semarang.
In the first explanation, the people of the village celebrate the goddess of Trisala called the village Trisala and in the years to come became Salatri and eventually Salatiga.
The second explanation is based on the story of Ki Ageng Pandanaran, the first regent of Semarang, who was robbed by three muggers, and he thus named the location Salah Telu. Salah means wrong in both Indonesian and Javanese. Telu is Low Javanese for three, as is tiga in both the more refined Middle/High Javanese, and in Indonesian. Hence the name Salatiga from Salah Tiga.
The official birthdate of Salatiga is 24 July 750 A.D. (the 31st date and 4th year of the Saka calendar). The scroll Monolith of Plumpungan (Prasasti Plumpungan in Sanskrit) by King Bhanu, declares May you be happy! All the people ("Srir = astu swasti prajabhyah") and designated village of Hampran (Desa Hampran) a Perdikan village (Desa Perdikan, meaning a tax-free village).
"Çrirastuswasti Prajabyah" is the official motto of Salatiga as written in the government seal.
On 1 July 1917 the village of Salatiga was designated as a stads gemeente or small town, by the Dutch colony.
Bordering Salatiga are the following districts:
- To the North: Pabelan (Pabelan and Pejaten villages) and Tuntang (Kesongo and Watu Agung villages)
- To the South: Getasan (Sumogawe, Samirono and Jetak villages) and Tengaran (Patemon and Karang Duren villages)
- To the East: Pabelan (Ujung-ujung, Sukoharjo and Glawan villages) and Tengaran (Bener, Tegalwaton and Nyamat villages)
- To the West: Tuntang (Candirejo, Jombor, Sraten and Gedangan villages) and Getasan (Polobogo village)
Salatiga is located about 47 km south of Semarang and about 100 km north of Yogyakarta. Its elevation is between 450–800 metres with typical tropical climate. The average rainfall is 118 mm (145 rainy days) with the highest temperature in October (31.8oC) and the lowest in July (23.9oC).
Salatiga has four universities and colleges:
- Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW), the largest university in Salatiga with 14 Faculties and 3 Doctoral studies, and 14,000 students and 300 faculty members.
- Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Salatiga (STAIN Salatiga), an Islamic college specialising in Education
- Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE AMA), a private college specialising in Economics
Schools in Salatiga are normally affiliated with the government, universities, or religious institutions. In the past, state-run schools are generally sought after for their quality and subsidised cost however this had changed significantly. Students also generally compete by using final examination grades and written examinations to enter the more popular schools.
Salatiga has one international English-speaking school at elementary and secondary level (Mountainview International).