Salatiga

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Salatiga
City
Javanese transcription(s)
 • Hanacaraka ꦯꦭꦠꦶꦒ
Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.
Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.
Official seal of Salatiga
Seal
Motto: Çrir Astu Swasti Prajabhyah (Be happy, all the People)
Salatiga is located in Indonesia
Salatiga
Salatiga
Location of Salatiga in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861
Country  Indonesia
Province Flag of Central Java.svg Central Java
Founded 24 July 750
Incorporated 1 July 1917
Government
 • Mayor Yulianto
Area
 • Total 56.781 km2 (21.923 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 571 m (1,873 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 186,087
 • Density 3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 298
Vehicle registration H
Website www.salatiga.go.id

Salatiga is a city in Central Java, Indonesia and located between the cities of Semarang and Surakarta. It sits at the foot of Mount Merbabu (3,142 m) and Mount Telomoyo, and has a relatively cool climate due to its elevated position.

Origin of name[edit]

Salatiga is thought to be named either after the goddess of Trisala, or after the three wrongs done to the first king of Semarang.

In the first explanation, the people of the village celebrate the goddess of Trisala called the village Trisala and in the years to come became Salatri and eventually Salatiga.

The second explanation is based on the story of Ki Ageng Pandanaran, the first regent of Semarang, who was robbed by three muggers, and he thus named the location Salah Telu. Salah means wrong in both Indonesian and Javanese. Telu is Low Javanese for three, spelled is tiga in both the more refined Middle/High Javanese (but pronounced /tigo/ in Javanese respectively /tiga/ in Indonesian). Hence the name Salatiga from Salah Tiga.

History[edit]

The official birthdate of Salatiga is 24 July 750 A.D. (the 31st date and 4th year of the Saka calendar). The scroll Monolith of Plumpungan (Prasasti Plumpungan in Sanskrit) by King Bhanu, declares May you be happy! All the people ("Srir = astu swasti prajabhyah") and designated village of Hampran (Desa Hampran) a Perdikan village (Desa Perdikan, meaning a tax-free village).[2]

"Çrirastuswasti Prajabyah" is the official motto of Salatiga as written in the government seal.

Salatiga street scenery in 1918

On 1 July 1917 the village of Salatiga was designated as a stads gemeente or small town, by the Dutch colony.[3]

Administration[edit]

Salatiga is divided into four districts (kecamatan): Argomulyo, Tingkir, Sidomukti, and Sidorejo.

Bordering Salatiga are the following districts:

  • To the North: Pabelan (Pabelan and Pejaten villages) and Tuntang (Kesongo and Watu Agung villages)
  • To the South: Getasan (Sumogawe, Samirono and Jetak villages) and Tengaran (Patemon and Karang Duren villages)
  • To the East: Pabelan (Ujung-ujung, Sukoharjo and Glawan villages) and Tengaran (Bener, Tegalwaton and Nyamat villages)
  • To the West: Tuntang (Candirejo, Jombor, Sraten and Gedangan villages) and Getasan (Polobogo village)

All these districts are located in Semarang Regency, making Salatiga an enclave within Semarang Regency.

Geography[edit]

Salatiga is located about 47 km south of Semarang and about 100 km north of Yogyakarta.[citation needed] Its elevation is between 450–800 metres.[citation needed] Salatiga has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) in the Köppen climate classification with the average rainfall of 2,668 mm per year, the highest temperature in October (24.1°C) and the lowest in January (22.4°C).[1]

Climate data for Salatiga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
27.1
(80.8)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
28.0
(82.4)
28.0
(82.4)
28.7
(83.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.81
(82.06)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.0
(73.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
23.5
(74.3)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.07
(73.52)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66)
18.8
(65.8)
18.0
(64.4)
17.2
(63)
17.3
(63.1)
18.0
(64.4)
18.9
(66)
18.8
(65.8)
18.5
(65.3)
18.36
(65.03)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 390
(15.35)
344
(13.54)
389
(15.31)
279
(10.98)
204
(8.03)
117
(4.61)
77
(3.03)
52
(2.05)
69
(2.72)
138
(5.43)
264
(10.39)
345
(13.58)
2,668
(105.02)
Source: ClimateData.org[1]

Education[edit]

Tertiary Education[edit]

Salatiga has several universities and colleges:

  • Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW), the largest university in Salatiga with 14 Faculties and 3 Doctoral studies, and 14,000 students and 300 faculty members.
  • Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Salatiga (STAIN Salatiga), an Islamic college specialising in Education
  • Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE AMA), a private college specialising in Economics

Schools[edit]

Schools in Salatiga are normally affiliated with the government, universities, or religious institutions. In the past, state-run schools are generally sought after for their quality and subsidised cost however this had changed significantly.[citation needed] Students also generally compete by using final examination grades and written examinations to enter the more popular schools.[citation needed]

Salatiga has one international English-speaking school at elementary and secondary level (Mountainview International).

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Climate: Salatiga". ClimateData.org. Retrieved January 31, 2017. 
  2. ^ Mubarok, Imam (30 August 2014). "Menengok Prasasti Plumpungan, cikal bakal Salatiga". Merdeka.com. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  3. ^ Maharani, Lutvia (2009). Pengambilalihan Kota Salatiga dari Kekuasaan Belanda ke Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945-1950 (PDF) (Thesis). Universitas Negeri Semarang. p. 42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 

External links[edit]