Salatiga

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Salatiga
City
Javanese transcription(s)
 • Hanacaraka ꦯꦭꦠꦶꦒ
Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.
Mount Merbabu viewed from Salatiga.
Official seal of Salatiga
Seal
Motto: Çrir Astu Swasti Prajabhyah (Be happy, all the People)
Salatiga is located in Indonesia
Salatiga
Salatiga
Salatiga is located in Java
Salatiga
Salatiga
Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861Coordinates: 7°19′29″S 110°32′39.79″E / 7.32472°S 110.5443861°E / -7.32472; 110.5443861
Country  Indonesia
Province Flag of Central Java.svg Central Java
Founded 24 July 750
Incorporated 1 July 1917
Government
 • Mayor Yulianto
Area
 • Total 56.781 km2 (21.923 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 571 m (1,873 ft)
Population (2015)[2]
 • Total 183,815
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62 298
Vehicle registration H
Website www.salatiga.go.id

Salatiga is a city in Central Java, Indonesia and located between the cities of Semarang and Surakarta. It sits at the foot of Mount Merbabu (3,142 m) and Mount Telomoyo, and has a relatively cool climate due to its elevated position.

Origin of name[edit]

Salatiga is thought to be named either after the goddess of Trisala, or after the three wrongs done to the first king of Semarang.

In the first explanation, the people of the village celebrate the goddess of Trisala called the village Trisala and in the years to come became Salatri and eventually Salatiga.

The second explanation is based on the story of Ki Ageng Pandanaran, the first regent of Semarang, who was robbed by three muggers, and he thus named the location Salah Telu. Salah means wrong in both Indonesian and Javanese. Telu is Low Javanese for three, spelled is tiga in both the more refined Middle/High Javanese (but pronounced /tigo/ in Javanese respectively /tiga/ in Indonesian). Hence the name Salatiga from Salah Tiga.

History[edit]

The official birth date of Salatiga is 24 July 750 A.D. (the 31st date and 4th year of the Saka calendar). The scroll Monolith of Plumpungan (Prasasti Plumpungan in Sanskrit) by King Bhanu, declares May you be happy! All the people ("Srir = astu swasti prajabhyah") and designated village of Hampran (Desa Hampran) a Perdikan village (Desa Perdikan, meaning a tax-free village).[3]

"Çrirastuswasti Prajabyah" is the official motto of Salatiga as written in the government seal.

Salatiga street scenery in 1918

On 1 July 1917 the village of Salatiga was designated as a stads gemeente or small town, by the Dutch colony.[4]

Administration[edit]

Salatiga is divided into four districts (kecamatan): Argomulyo, Tingkir, Sidomukti, and Sidorejo.

Districts of Salatiga by population, area and population density (2015)[5]
District Area (km2) Population Population density (persons/km2)
Argomulyo 18.526 43,424 2,344
Tingkir 10.549 42,888 4,066
Sidomukti 11.459 41,871 3,654
Sidorejo 16.247 55,632 3,424
Total 56.781 183,815 3,237

Bordering Salatiga are the following districts:

  • To the North: Pabelan (Pabelan and Pejaten villages) and Tuntang (Kesongo and Watu Agung villages)
  • To the South: Getasan (Sumogawe, Samirono and Jetak villages) and Tengaran (Patemon and Karang Duren villages)
  • To the East: Pabelan (Ujung-ujung, Sukoharjo and Glawan villages) and Tengaran (Bener, Tegalwaton and Nyamat villages)
  • To the West: Tuntang (Candirejo, Jombor, Sraten and Gedangan villages) and Getasan (Polobogo village)

All these districts are located in Semarang Regency, making Salatiga an enclave within Semarang Regency.

Geography[edit]

Salatiga is located about 47 km south of Semarang and about 100 km north of Yogyakarta.[citation needed] Its elevation is between 450–800 metres.[citation needed] Salatiga has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) in the Köppen climate classification with the average rainfall of 2,668 mm per year, the highest temperature in October (24.1°C) and the lowest in January (22.4°C).[1]

Climate data for Salatiga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
27.1
(80.8)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
28.0
(82.4)
28.0
(82.4)
28.7
(83.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.81
(82.06)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.0
(73.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
23.5
(74.3)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.07
(73.52)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66)
18.8
(65.8)
18.0
(64.4)
17.2
(63)
17.3
(63.1)
18.0
(64.4)
18.9
(66)
18.8
(65.8)
18.5
(65.3)
18.36
(65.03)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 390
(15.35)
344
(13.54)
389
(15.31)
279
(10.98)
204
(8.03)
117
(4.61)
77
(3.03)
52
(2.05)
69
(2.72)
138
(5.43)
264
(10.39)
345
(13.58)
2,668
(105.02)
Source: ClimateData.org[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1900 10,000 —    
1905 12,000 +3.71%
1920 18,895 +3.07%
1929 19,192 +0.17%
1930 24,397 +27.12%
1961 58,135 +2.84%
1971 69,184 +1.76%
2000 153,036 +2.78%
2010 171,067 +1.12%
2015 183,815 +1.45%
Source: 1900–1930,[6] 1961–1971,[7] 2000–2010,[8] 2015[2]

As of 2015, Salatiga has a population of 183,815, 89,928 of them are males and 93,887 are females.[2]

Religion[edit]

As of 2015, Islam was the most practised religion in Salatiga (78%), followed by Protestantism (16%) and Catholicism (5%). Other religions (Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism and aliran kepercayaan) make up less than 1% of the population.[9] Salatiga is well-known for its religious tolerance and is one of the few cities in Java to hold outdoor Christian festivals during Christmas.[10]

Transport[edit]

Tingkir Terminal is the main bus station in Salatiga, serving intercity buses.[11] It is operated by the Ministry of Transportation of Indonesia.[12] The Tamansari Terminal serves angkot (share taxis), even though most of the angkot did not stop at the terminal.[13]

Education[edit]

Tertiary education[edit]

Salatiga has several universities and colleges:[14]

  • Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW), the largest university in Salatiga with 14 Faculties and 3 Doctoral studies, and 14,000 students and 300 faculty members.[citation needed] It was founded in 1956.[15]
  • Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Salatiga (STAIN Salatiga), an Islamic college specialising in Education
  • Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE AMA), a private college specialising in Economics

Schools[edit]

There are 96 elementary schools,[16] 24 junior high schools,[17] 8 senior high schools,[18] and 19 vocational schools[18] in Salatiga. Schools in Salatiga are normally affiliated with the government, universities, or religious institutions. In the past, state-run schools are generally sought after for their quality and subsidised cost however this had changed significantly.[citation needed] Students also generally compete by using final examination grades and written examinations to enter the more popular schools.[citation needed]

Salatiga has one international English-speaking school at elementary and secondary level (Mountainview International Christian School).

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Climate: Salatiga". ClimateData.org. Retrieved 31 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Salatiga Municipality Population by Age Group and Sex, 2015". Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Salatiga. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Mubarok, Imam (30 August 2014). "Menengok Prasasti Plumpungan, cikal bakal Salatiga". Merdeka.com. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  4. ^ Maharani 2009, p. 42.
  5. ^ Statistics of Salatiga Municipality 2016, p. 49.
  6. ^ Maharani 2009, p. 45.
  7. ^ Laporan Hasil Sementara Sensus Penduduk 1971 Djawa Tengah (PDF). Badan Pusat Statistik. 1971. p. 15. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Salatiga Harus Tekan Pertumbuhan Penduduk" [Salatiga Must Suppress Population Growth]. Kompas (in Indonesian). 1 December 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Statistics of Salatiga Municipality 2016, pp. 110–111.
  10. ^ Seo, Myengkyo (2013). State Management of Religion in Indonesia. Routledge. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-415-51716-4. 
  11. ^ Kundori, Moch (26 May 2016). "Dishub Razia Kelaikan Bus Jelang Angkutan Lebaran". Suara Merdeka (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  12. ^ Setiawan, Deni (1 March 2017). Muslimah, ed. "Kementerian Perhubungan Ambil Alih Terminal Tingkir, Pemkot Salatiga Kehilangan PAD Hingga 500 Juta". Tribun Jateng (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  13. ^ Surya Yuli P (2 February 2017). "Pembangunan Terminal Tamansari Sudah Mendesak". Suara Merdeka (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  14. ^ Statistics of Salatiga Municipality 2016, pp. 88–90.
  15. ^ Michaella, Sonya (28 December 2015). "Toleransi Agama, Tirulah Salatiga". telusur.metrotvnews.com. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  16. ^ Statistics of Salatiga Municipality 2016, p. 81.
  17. ^ Statistics of Salatiga Municipality 2016, p. 83.
  18. ^ a b Statistics of Salatiga Municipality 2016, p. 86.

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]