Sale Ngahkwe

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Sale Ngahkwe
King of Pagan
Born875 (Saturday born)
ReligionAri Buddhism

Sale Ngahkwe (Burmese: စလေငခွေး, pronounced [sàlè ŋəkʰwé]; c. 875–934) was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from c. 904 to c. 934. According to the Burmese chronicles, Ngahkwe, a descendant of King Thingayaza of Pagan but brought up in obscurity at Sale in central Burma, came to work in the service of King Tannet as a stable groom. Ngahkwe then assassinated the king and seized the throne.[1]

Various Burmese chronicles do not agree on the dates regarding his life and reign.[2] The oldest chronicle Zatadawbon Yazawin is considered to be the most accurate for the Pagan period.[note 1] The table below lists the dates given by four main chronicles, as well as Hmannan's dates when anchored by the Anawrahta's inscriptionally verified accession date of 1044.

Chronicles Birth–Death Age Reign Length of reign
Zatadawbon Yazawin 875–934 59 904–934 30
Maha Yazawin 847–901 54 876–901 25
Yazawin Thit and Hmannan Yazawin 857–915 58 906–915 9
Hmannan adjusted 885–943 58 934–943 9


  1. ^ (Maha Yazawin 2006: 346–349): Among the four major chronicles, only Zatadawbon Yazawin's dates line up with Anawrahta's inscriptionally verified accession date of 1044 CE. (Aung-Thwin 2005: 121–123): In general, Zata is considered "the most accurate of all Burmese chronicles, particularly with regard to the best-known Pagan and Ava kings, many of whose dates have been corroborated by epigraphy."
  1. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 220–221
  2. ^ Maha Yazawin Vol. 1 2006: 347


  • Aung-Thwin, Michael A. (2005). The Mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 9780824828868.
  • Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing.
  • Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar.
Sale Ngahkwe
Born: c. 875 Died: c. 934
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Pagan
c. 904 – 934
Succeeded by