- For the Secretary General of the Muslim Council of Wales, see Saleem Kidwai (Muslim Council of Wales).
Saleem Kidwai (born 1951, Lucknow, India) is a medieval historian, gay rights activist and a translator., Born to a noted family of intellectuals and Sufi saints, Kidwai was a Professor of History at Ramjas College, University of Delhi until 1993 and is currently an independent scholar. He was one of the first academics to speak publicly as a member of the LGBT community. His other academic areas of interest are Mughal politics and culture, the history of tawaifs, and north Indian music. With Ruth Vanita, he is co-editor of Same-Sex Love in India: Readings from Literature and History (New York: Palgrave; New Delhi: Macmillan, 2000), a pioneering work documenting and exploring the indigenous roots of same-sex desire in South Asia. Kidwai has also translated singer Malika Pukhraj's autobiography, "Song Sung True." 
- Vanita, Ruth and Saleem Kidwai (eds.) (2000) Same-Sex love in India: Readings from Literature and History. London: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-22169-X
- "Gay historians: Ruth Vanita and Saleem Kidwai". Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Ruby Lal (18 February 2013). Coming of Age in Nineteenth-Century India: The Girl-Child and the Art of Playfulness. Cambridge University Press. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-1-139-85201-2.
- Ayyar, Raj. "Saleem Kidwai Uncovers the Many Faces of Gay India". GayToday. Retrieved 2007-04-06.
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