Saleem Kidwai (born 1951, Lucknow, India) is medieval historian, gay studies scholar and a translator. He taught history at Ramjas College, University of Delhi until 1993 and now is an independent scholar. He was one of the first academics to speak publicly as a member of the LGBT community. His other academic areas of interest are Mughal politics and culture, the history of tawaifs, and north Indian music. With Ruth Vanita, he is co-editor of Same-Sex Love in India: Readings from Literature and History (New York: Palgrave; New Delhi: Macmillan, 2000), a pioneering work documenting and exploring the indigenous roots of same-sex desire in South Asia. Kidwai has also translated singer Mallika Pukhraj's autobiography, "Song Sung True."