Saleh Kebzabo

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Saleh Kebzabo (Arabic: صالح كبزابو‎, born 27 March 1947 in Léré, Chad)[1] is a Chadian politician. He is the President of the National Union for Democracy and Renewal (UNDR) and a Deputy in the National Assembly of Chad.[2]

Political career[edit]

Kebzabo was a director at the Chadian Press Agency, a member of the Democratic Movement for the Restoration of Chad (MDRT), and was a journalist at Jeune Afrique and Demain l'Afrique. He was subsequently the founder of N'Djaména Hebdo, Chad's first independent newspaper. He was a consul in Douala, Cameroon, but was expelled from Cameroon by President Paul Biya due to his support for Biya's predecessor, Ahmadou Ahidjo.[3]

He was one of the founding members of the UNDR political party in December 1992. In April 1993, following the Sovereign National Conference, he was appointed as Minister of Trade and Industry in the government of Prime Minister Fidèle Moungar. This government lasted only six months before the Higher Transitional Council (CST) approved a censure motion against it.[2]

Accused of working with rebels, in September 1995 Kebzabo was arrested and held for five days.[4] Prior to the arrest, his home was searched without a warrant at night on August 30. Kebzabo was released after the opposition protested his detention, and he filed suit against the officials who were responsible for the incident.[5]

Kebzabo's primary support base is in Mayo-Kebbi.[6] He was a candidate in the June 1996 presidential election, placing third with 8.61% of the vote;[7][8] he then backed President Idriss Déby for the second round.[9] After Déby's victory, Kebzabo became Minister of Foreign Affairs in August 1996,[10] serving in that position until he was named Minister of State for Public Works, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development on May 21, 1997.[11] He was elected to the National Assembly as an UNDR candidate in the first round of the 1997 parliamentary election,[12] although he remained in the government and did not take his seat.[2]

Kebzabo became Minister of State for Mines, Energy, and Oil in a cabinet reshuffle on January 1, 1998,[9][13] but he was dismissed from the government on May 11, 1998, along with two other UNDR ministers.[14][15] Regarding his dismissal, he said that his goals could be achieved outside of the government.[15] In December 1999, he was named Minister of State for Agriculture in the government of Prime Minister Nagoum Yamassoum.[16]

On April 1, 2001, Kebzabo was again nominated as the UNDR's presidential candidate for that year's election.[17] He was subsequently removed from his position as Minister of State for Agriculture on April 8; the other UNDR members of the government were also dismissed.[18][19] Prior to this he was considered the second ranking member of the government, after the prime minister.[19][20] It was speculated that Kebzabo chose to run for President on this occasion because he had been unsuccessful in negotiating with Déby for the post of Prime Minister.[6] Kebzabo later said that he had participated in the government in the belief that by doing so he could undermine Déby from within the system, and that as a result he believed the UNDR was a "permanent target" of Déby.[2]

In the presidential election, held on May 20, 2001, he placed third with 7% of the vote.[8][21] In late May he was twice detained briefly by police, along with five other opposition candidates.[22]

In the April 2002 parliamentary election, Kebzabo was elected to the National Assembly[2][23] as a UNDP candidate from Léré constituency in Mayo-Dallah Department,[23] and he became President of the Democratic Parliamentary Group during the parliamentary term that followed the election.[2][24]

According to Kebzabo, on February 3, 2008, during a battle between government forces and rebels in N'Djamena, soldiers came to Kebzabo's home to arrest him, but he was travelling at the time. He said that the soldiers fired at his brother.[25] In a statement on February 26, he and another opposition leader, Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué, released a statement calling for "the immediate convening of an all-inclusive national dialogue", the release of the three opposition leaders who had been arrested, along with an international inquiry into the arrests, and an immediate cease-fire.[26]

Although the UNDR is a member of the Coordination of Political Parties for the Defense of the Constitution (CPDC), and the CPDC chose to join the government of Prime Minister Youssouf Saleh Abbas in April 2008, Kebzabo declined to take a post in the government, saying that he preferred that someone else from his party enter the government instead. Kebzabo said that his party work in the UNDR was absorbing him at the time; he described this work as "an enriching experience" and said that he was already beginning preparations for the planned 2009 parliamentary election.[27]

In June 2017, members of the FONAC opposition coalition argued that the National Assembly became illegitimate by continuing to sit beyond 21 June, two years after the extension of the parliamentary term, and that deputies from the opposition should consequently resign. Opposition deputies led by Saleh Kebzabo responded that they would not resign, feeling that it would be more "useful" for them to remain in the National Assembly; however, they also said that the next election should be held promptly, dismissing Déby's view that the delay was necessary due to a lack of funds, and that in the future the government should make every effort to hold elections on time.[28]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Saleh Kebzabo: "A voir Déby renforcer sa sécurité, circuler dans des véhicules blindés, changer d’itinéraire, dormir à des endroits différents, se montrer le moins possible en public, on se dit que plusieurs ressorts sont cassés et que, dans ces condition"", Alwihda, September 30, 2004 (in French). "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 10, 2004. Retrieved 2017-12-31. 
  3. ^ Profile Archived 2007-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. at Afrique Express (in French).
  4. ^ Amnesty International Report 1996 - Chad,
  5. ^ "U.S. Department of State Country Report on Human Rights Practices 1995 - Chad",
  6. ^ a b "Les portraits des sept candidats à l'élection présidentielle du 20 mai 2001 au Tchad" Archived 2007-06-06 at the Wayback Machine., Afrique Express, number 229, May 16, 2001 (in French).
  7. ^ "Rapport de la mission d'observation du 2e tour de l'élection présidentielle le 3 juillet 1996",
  8. ^ a b Elections in Chad, African Elections Database.
  9. ^ a b Biography page Archived 2007-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. at Afrique Express (in French).
  10. ^ "Aug 1996 - New government", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 42, August 1996, page 41,218.
  11. ^ "May 1997 - New Attack", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 43, May 1997, page 41,626.
  12. ^ "Rapport de la mission d'observation du deuxième tour des élections législatives du 23 février 1997" Archived 2007-06-21 at the Wayback Machine., (in French).
  13. ^ "Chad President reshuffles his government", BBC News, January 2, 1998.
  14. ^ "Le gouvernement du Tchad (formé le 1er janvier 1998), remanié le 11 mai 1998" Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine., Afrique Express (in French).
  15. ^ a b "Chad: Sacked minister says objectives may be achieved outside government", Radio France Internationale, May 13, 1998.
  16. ^ "Chad: Opposition leader comments on return to cabinet, ties with President Deby", Radio France Internationale, December 16, 1999.
  17. ^ "List of candidates for presidential election gets longer", IRIN, April 3, 2001.
  18. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle", IRIN, April 9, 2001.
  19. ^ a b "Chad: President reshuffles government; removes Union for Development members", AFP, April 9, 2001.
  20. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle in Chad", BBC News, April 9, 2001.
  21. ^ "Chad: Council releases final polls results; Deby "elected" with 63.17 per cent", Radiodiffusion Nationale Tchadienne, June 13, 2001.
  22. ^ "Losing candidates freed again in Chad", BBC News, May 31, 2001.
  23. ^ a b List of members of the National Assembly Archived 2008-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. (following 2002 election), (in French).
  24. ^ List of leading figures in the National Assembly Archived 2007-03-15 at the Wayback Machine., Chadian government website (in French).
  25. ^ "Chad opposition targeted"[permanent dead link], AFP, February 11, 2008.
  26. ^ "Two opposition leaders call for all-inclusive political dialogue in Chad"[permanent dead link], African Press Agency, February 26, 2008.
  27. ^ "L'opposant Saleh Kepsabo refuse d'entrer au gouvernement", Xinhua, April 23, 2008 (in French).
  28. ^ "Tchad : sommés par le front de l’opposition de quitter l’Assemblée, des députés refusent de démissionner", Jeune Afrique, 22 June 2017 (in French).

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